American Citizen Participation Study Follow-Up: Singles and Couples Data, Fall 1993-Winter 1994 (ICPSR 23561)

Published: Mar 11, 2010

Principal Investigator(s):
Nancy Burns, University of Michigan; Kay Lehman Schlozman, Boston College; Sidney Verba, Harvard University

Version V1

This study is the third wave of the American Citizen Participation Study and was designed to examine gender differences in political and nonpolitical civic participation in the United States, in particular to examine differences between husbands and wives. Respondents were asked to provide information on numerous topics such as their interest in politics, their party identification, voting status, activity in community politics, and campaign activities. Respondents also provided information about family characteristics and household matters. This study includes two data files, the singles and the couples data files. The singles data file consists of 580 respondents. The couples data file consists of the responses of all of the individuals in the third wave who were married as well as the responses of their partners. This data file has responses from 376 couples (752 individuals). Demographic variables measured in this study include respondent's educational background, occupation, church activity and religious affiliation, race and ethnicity, age, gender, union membership, marital status, political party affiliation, voter registration status and participation history, and employment status.

Burns, Nancy, Schlozman, Kay Lehman, and Verba, Sidney. American Citizen Participation Study Follow-Up: Singles and Couples Data, Fall 1993-Winter 1994. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2010-03-11.

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Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research

1993 -- 1994 (Fall 1993-Winter 1994)

1993-08-19 -- 1994-04-23

ICPSR created a unique sequential record identifier variable named CASEID for use with online analysis.

In Part 1, Singles File, variable names containing symbols that are incompatible with SAS were renamed with "_single" at the end. In Part 2, Couples File, variable names containing symbols that are incompatible with SAS were renamed with "_female" and "_male" at the end to differentiate between questions asked of husbands and wives.

Some variables were reformatted to increase the width of the variables in order to accommodate missing values.

Asterisks in character variables were recoded to "BLANK" due to insufficient column widths.

Frequencies for some variables are a result of the combination of information from multiple corresponding questions. Please see the Appendix for additional information.

Variables BDAYDAY_SINGLE, BDAYDAY_MALE, BDAYDAY_FEMALE, BDAYMO_SINGLE, BDAYMO_MALE, and BDAYMO_FEMALE were blanked for confidentiality purposes.

In Part 2, Couples File, variables prepended with "W" and "H" differentiate between questions asked of wives and husbands.

Clustered and stratified probability sample. See Burns, Nancy, Kay Lehman Schlozman and Sidney Verba. 2001. The Private Roots of Public Action. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Persons aged 18 and over living in households with telephones in the contiguous 48 United States.


survey data

The reinterview rate was 243 percent. That is, 23 percent (580) of the individuals who were interviewed for the second wave of the AMERICAN CITIZEN PARTICIPATION STUDY, 1990, were reinterviewed for the follow-up study.



2010-03-11 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Created online analysis version with question text.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

The data contain a weight variable (wt2517) that should be used in analyzing the data. In the original AMERICAN CITIZEN PARTICIPATION STUDY, 1990 (ICPSR 6635) weights were used in the sampling. The first stage of the study, phone interviews of 15,053 people, was designed to be representative of the American population. In the second stage of the study, in-person interviews, the sample for 15,053 was "first reweighted to adjust for the fact that the screener had yielded a slightly disproportionate share of women. The sample was then stratified by race and ethnicity (Black, Latino and 'all other') and by level and type of political participation. Blacks, Latinos and political activists were oversamples, with weights ranging from 1 for the inactive Anglo-Whites to 16 for highly active Latinos." (Verba, Schlozman and Brady 1995, 535). A nationally representative sample equal in size to the number of interviews conducted can be obtained by using the weight variable WT2517.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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