Gateways and Pathways Project (GAPP) 1997-2000, St. Louis, Missouri (ICPSR 22747)

Published: Nov 18, 2009

Principal Investigator(s):
Arlene Stiffman, Washington University-St. Louis. George Warren Brown School of Social Work

Version V1

The Gateways and Pathways Project (GAPP) extended the Youth Services Project (YSP) by examining the characteristics, training, resource connectivity, views, treatment, and referral practices of those service providers who were named by the YSP youths as having helped them. The GAPP study collected data from the youths' providers. The GAPP includes surveys of youth providers and the administrators of organizations which employ these providers. These surveys were used to measure respondent background, knowledge of the service system, the extent of referrals to and from services in the region, the degree of coordination involved in caring for youths with mental health problems, and perceived barriers to quality care. This study provides the first opportunity to test an extensive model of pathways to service use from both provider and client perspectives. This study characterizes differences in the perception of need and knowledge of services between gateway providers who link mentally ill youth to mental health services and those who do not, differences in the availability, accessibility, affordability, acceptability, and to the structural characteristics of mental health services that explain providers' actions in linking youths to mental health services, and differences in the organizational structure (support, flexibility, resources) of gateway providers that explain providers' actions in linking youths to services.

Stiffman, Arlene. Gateways and Pathways Project (GAPP) 1997-2000, St. Louis, Missouri. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2009-11-18.

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote

United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health (5 R24 MH 56425)


1997 -- 2000

1997-04 -- 2000-03

The variables A4OFF1, B2OFF1, B2OFF2, B2OFF3, B2OFF4, B8OFF1, B8OFF2, B11FOFF3, B11CWK, B11DOFF6, B11JJK, B11EOFF5, B11EOFF6, B11EDK, B11FOFF5, B11FOFF6, B11PHK, INSRVTRN, C1AOFF1, C1AOFF2, C3OFF1, C3OFF2, C5OFF1, C5OFF2, C7AOFF1, C7AOFF2, C8OFF1, D1COFF1, D1COFF2, I, H, A5AMHD1, AD10OFF2, A14AOFF1, A14AOFF2, A14AOFF3, E5OFF1, E5OFF2, E7SX1D, E10OFF1, E10OFF2, F3AOFF2, F9AOFF1, and F9AOFF2 contain unknown codes.

ICPSR created a unique sequential record identifier variable named CASEID for use with online analysis.

Although a dataset combined of all three parts (provider, administrator, and youth), was provided by the principal investigator, a newly merged dataset of the three parts was created by the data processor and used in order to avoid complications with missing variables.

The variables A7TYPE, A7TYPE1, A7TYPE2, A7TYPE3, A7SUM, A9TYPE, PROFTRN, A7SUM1, A7SUM2, A7SUM3, A7SUM4, A7SUM5, A7SUM6, A7SUM7, A7SUM8, A91, A92, A93, and C1AOTH were temporary variables and were removed from the provider dataset based on the advice of the principal investigator.

Snowball. The youth's service providers who were named by the YSP youth as having helped them.

Providers, youth service providers, and their administrators in St. Louis, Missouri.


survey data

In the last 6 months, 282 youth reported they had received some services describing 533 different providers. Sixty-one percent (or 222) of the providers for whom the investigators were able to verify addresses (364) returned their surveys. About 50 percent of these providers were associated with the education sector, 13 percent with child welfare, 13 percent with primary health, 10 percent with juvenile justice, and 10 percent with mental health.



2009-11-16 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
ICPSR logo

This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.