Ithaka 2006 Survey of US Higher Education Faculty Attitudes and Behaviors (ICPSR 22700)

Published: Nov 21, 2013

Principal Investigator(s):
Roger Schonfeld, Ithaka; Kevin Guthrie, Ithaka


Version V2

This study was conducted in order to contribute to community understanding of the attitudes and behaviors of higher education faculty members regarding online resources, the library, and related topics. This study, from 2006, builds upon similar studies performed in 2000 (by JSTOR) and 2003 (by Ithaka), and may be compared with data on many of the same topics gathered from librarians in 2006. This survey covers a wide range of topics, including the relationship between faculty and their campus library, faculty dependence on electronic scholarly resources for research and teaching, the transition from print to electronic for scholarly journals, faculty publishing preferences, e-books, digital institutional repositories, and the preservation of scholarly journals. Respondents were asked questions such as "How dependent would you say you are on your college or university library for research you conduct?" and "how many separate occasions have you used computer-based electronic resources, such as databases of academic journals, for your research or teaching?". This study also offers a descriptive overview of faculty attitudes, behaviors, perceptions, and preferences. Demographic variables for faculty include age, gender, institution size, discipline affiliation, and number of books published.

Schonfeld, Roger, and Guthrie, Kevin. Ithaka 2006 Survey of US Higher Education Faculty Attitudes and Behaviors. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2013-11-21.

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One or more files in this study are subjected to special restrictions, and questionnaires are protected under copyright; only ICPSR member users can login and download. The files in this study may not be used for any purpose other than non-commercial statistical reporting and analysis.

2006-09-12 -- 2006-11-17

2006-09-12 -- 2006-11-17

For more information about the major findings, please see the Ithaka Web site.

A total of 44,218 participants were selected via an "every nth" selection from a list of faculty members across the United States. Certain disciplines were over-sampled in order to allow analysis of subgroups of particular importance, with care taken to ensure that the over-sampling did not disproportionately effect overall results.

Faculty members at United States colleges and universities.


survey data

9.4 percent



2013-11-21 The codebook has been updated.

2008-07-28 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.
  • Created online analysis version with question text.

The data was balanced on three characteristics using data supplied by Ithaka and the list sample purchased by Ithaka. The three characteristics are: size, discipline, and JSTOR customer status. The values of the weights follow: JSTOR customer -- Current/Non-Current: Current 92.1 percent, Non-Current 7.9 percent, Size: Very Small 10.5 percent, Small 34.4 percent, Medium 14.5 percent, Large 28.5 percent, Very Large 12.1 percent, Discipline: African Studies 0.58 percent, African-American Studies 1.08 percent, American Studies 0.18 percent, Anthropology/Archaeology 1.29 percent, Asian Studies 1.15 percent, Biology/Botany/Ecology/Zoology 6.80 percent, Business/Finance 10.91 percent, Chemistry 3.03 percent, Classical Studies 0.73 percent, Economics 2.75 percent, Education 6.41 percent, Engineering 7.13 percent, Geography 1.34 percent, Geology 1.07 percent, History/History of Science 2.78 percent, History of Art 1.56 percent, India Studies 0.12 percent, Latin American Studies 0.79 percent, Law 2.28 percent, Literature 3.95 percent, Mathematics/Statistics 8.33 percent, Middle East Studies 0.58 percent, Music 3.37 percent, Philosophy 2.35 percent, Physical Sciences 0.68 percent, Physics 1.64 percent, Political Science 1.99 percent, Psychology 6.43 percent, Public Health 0.75 percent, Public Policy/Health Policy 1.47 percent, Religion 2.07 percent, Slavic Studies/Russia 0.35 percent, Sociology 3.84 percent, Theater and Drama 2.82 percent, Women's Studies 1.36 percent, Other/No Answer 6.00 percent.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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