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Follow-up 1974 Survey of a Representative Sample of Men Employed in Civilian Occupations in the United States in 1964, and Initial Survey of Their Wives (ICPSR 22412)

Principal Investigator(s): Schooler, Carmi, National Institute of Mental Health and University of Maryland; Kohn, Melvin L., Johns Hopkins University


This data collection investigates the relationship between men and women's work and personality, and provides information regarding work, parenting practices, cognitive functioning, and orientation toward self and others. Work-related variables describe the place and conditions of employment, including the degree of supervision, placement within the workplace hierarchy, and the complexity of work with people, data, and things. Respondents also were questioned regarding job satisfaction, expectations for the future, job security, and union membership and activities. Additionally, respondents provided a complete work history for all jobs held for six months or more. Respondents who were parents at the time of the interview were queried regarding parenting practices and parental values, including methods of child discipline and reinforcement employed, and the level of educational achievement and future occupation preferred for their children. In addition, respondents were asked to select the most and least desirable qualities for their children from a prepared list of attributes. Respondents also were questioned regarding social orientation and self-concept. To measure social orientation, respondents were asked to state the extent to which they agreed or disagreed with statements indicating authoritarian or nonauthoritarian tendencies, different criteria of morality and amorality, trustfulness and distrustfulness, and statements indicating receptivity or resistance to change. Self-concept was examined by questions concerning self-confidence, self-deprecation, anxiety, fatalism/mastery, and the degree to which respondents believe their ideas conform to those of others. Respondents also were asked to select the values most and least desired for themselves and their children. Background information collected for respondents and their families includes household composition, metropolitan/nonmetropolitan area of residence, marital status and duration of marriage, education, ethnicity, religion, country of birth and year of immigration, wife's age and employment status, grandparents' occupations, and parents' country of birth, occupation, education, and age when the respondent was born. Also recorded were the number of brothers and sisters with whom the respondent grew up, the occupation of each sibling, whether the respondent lived with his parents and what his parents' occupations were when he was 16, the age and education level of each child living in the respondent's household, and the respondent's social class self-placement.

Series: Survey of Men Employed in Civilian Occupations in the United States Series

Access Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


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Study Description


Schooler, Carmi, and Melvin L. Kohn. Follow-up 1974 Survey of a Representative Sample of Men Employed in Civilian Occupations in the United States in 1964, and Initial Survey of Their Wives. ICPSR22412-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2008-09-16. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR22412.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR22412.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    child rearing, cognitive functioning, educational background, employment, ethnicity, job satisfaction, marital status, parent child relationship, parenting skills, self concept, self esteem, work environment

Smallest Geographic Unit:    state

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1964--1974

Date of Collection:   

  • 1974

Unit of Observation:    household, individual

Universe:    Representative 1974 sample of men between 26 and 65 years of age who had been working in 1964 in civilian occupations, and their wives.

Data Type(s):    survey data


Sample:    Area probability sample. A complete sampling description of the original 1964 sampling can be found in Sudman and Feldman (1965), which is available from the National Opinion Research Center.

Weight:    The study contains weight variables.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview

Response Rates:    See Schooler Mulatu (2001) for a description of sampling and response rates.

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Standardized missing values.


Original ICPSR Release:   2008-09-16

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