Museum Universe, 1979: [United States] (ICPSR 2230)

Published: Mar 21, 2003

Principal Investigator(s):
United States Department of Education. National Center for Education Statistics

Version V1

This survey of museums and related institutions was conducted in 1979 to develop a listing for the Institute of Museum Services (IMS). A museum is defined as an institution organized on a permanent basis for essentially educational or aesthetic purposes, which, utilizing a staff, owns or uses tangible objects, whether animate or inanimate, cares for these objects, and exhibits them to the public on a regular basis. This was the first time a complete survey of the entire museum universe was completed. Questions covered demographic characteristics of the person in charge of the museum, control and type of institution, number of employees, weeks open per year, annual attendance, and operating expenditures.

United States Department of Education. National Center for Education Statistics. Museum Universe, 1979: [United States]. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2003-03-21.

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The codebook is provided as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using PDF reader software, such as the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided on the ICPSR Web site.

Museums in the United States.

mailback questionnaires

survey data



2003-03-21 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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