Criminal Victimization in Contemporary Urban China: A Multi-Level Analysis of Survey Data for the City of Tianjin, 2004 (ICPSR 21740)

Published: Jul 5, 2016

Principal Investigator(s):
Steven F. Messner, State University of New York (SUNY). University at Albany; Lening Zhang, Tianjin Academy of Social Sciences; Jianhong Liu, Tianjin Academy of Social Sciences

Version V1

The Chinese Criminal Victimization Survey collected information regarding demographic, lifestyle, and neighborhood characteristics, and criminal victimization from respondents in six traditional districts located in the central urban area of Tianjin: Heping, Nankai, Hongxiao, Hexi, Hebei, and Hedong. The primary objective of the survey was to study the relationship between lifestyles, neighborhood characteristics, and personal safety among residents of Tianjin, so that improvements can be made in policy-making for public safety and the protection of residents. First, the survey collected demographic information including sex/gender, year of birth, highest completed level of education, employment status, marital status, owner of household, residential status, distance between residence and police station, length of time at current address, household composition, average household income, physical strength, and self-defense capability. The next major focus, lifestyle characteristics, asked respondents about their enrollment in schools, employment, grocery shopping, dining out, and the frequency, mode of travel, and time spent traveling to these activities. Respondents were also asked about alcohol consumption, frequency of travel outside of Tianjin for leisure or work, how often they wore expensive jewelry, safety precautions when leaving home, security at their residence, and the durable goods they owned. The next topic, neighborhood characteristics, queried respondents about their relationship between themselves and their neighbors and the level of trust among these individuals, their involvement in the community and cooperation of neighbors during disputes or emergencies, the frequency of incidents in the last 6 months (i.e. burglaries and fights), and the respondents' perception of safety when walking alone at night. Questions were also asked whether a mediation committee existed and if so, how active it was. For the final section, the survey collected information on the following crimes: theft of bicycles, burglary, swindling, robbery (both armed and unarmed), personal theft, assaults, and sexual offenses (interviewing women only). Respondents were asked whether any incident had occurred to them in the last five years prior to the survey, when and where the most recent incident occurred, whether they reported it to the police, the cost of damages or how much was stolen, the number of offenders involved, whether the offenders had a weapon, and if so, what type and whether they were used, and the respondents' relationships to the offenders.

Messner, Steven F., Zhang, Lening, and Liu, Jianhong. Criminal Victimization in Contemporary Urban China: A Multi-Level Analysis of Survey Data for the City of Tianjin, 2004. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-07-05.

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National Science Foundation (0351014)


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For the variable SEX: one case coded '1' "Male" was allowed to answer SXASSLT.

The survey entailed a multi-stage cluster design predicated on a combination of judgmental and random sampling. For further information, please refer to the "Sample and Sampling Procedures" section in the Data Producer's codebook portion of the ICPSR codebook.

Adults living in the six traditional districts in the central urban area of Tianjin: Heping, Nankai, Hongxiao, Hexi, Hebei, and Hedong.


survey data



2016-07-05 The codebook and data collection instrument have been made publicly available.

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