Longitudinal Data on Social Structure and Personality, Based on Interviews With a Random Sample of Men and Women Living in the Urban Areas of Ukraine in 1992-1993, and Re-interviews With a Subsample in 1996 (ICPSR 21662)

Published: Apr 1, 2008

Principal Investigator(s):
Melvin L. Kohn, Johns Hopkins University


Version V1

This study investigates the relationships of social structure and personality during a period of radical social change attendant on the early stages of the transformation of Ukraine from socialism to nascent capitalism. It does so by analyzing data secured from face-to-face interviews with a representative sample of urban Ukrainian men and women in 1992-1993, together with a follow-up survey three to three and a half years later of all those respondents who at the time of the initial survey were either employed or were seeking paid employment. The Study found that the over-time correlations -- the stabilities -- of two underlying dimensions of personality's self-directedness of orientation and a sense of well-being or distress were startlingly low, by comparison not only to the United States at a time of much greater social stability, but also to Poland at the same time as the Ukrainian study, albeit at a later stage of transition. The stability of a third fundamental dimension of personality -- intellectual flexibility -- was higher than those of self-directedness of orientation and distress, but considerably lower than past research had led us to expect. Still, despite rapidly changing social and economic conditions and great instability of personality, the fundamental relationships of social structure with personality were remarkably consistent over time and, with the partial exception of those with the sense of well-being or distress, were quite similar to those of both socialist and advanced capitalist societies during times of apparent social stability. The analyses suggest that consistency in the relationships between social structure and personality despite great change both in social structure and in personality results from the continued stability of proximate conditions of life that link position in the larger social structure to individual personality and the continued strength of those linkages. Notable among these proximate conditions, for those people who were employed at the times of both the baseline and follow-up surveys, is the substantive complexity of their work. Respondents were asked to describe their current occupations and job titles and to comment on whether they were satisfied with their jobs and whether they had worked more than one job at a time. Other questions included the number of hours the respondent spent reading, writing, cooking, interacting with family members, socializing with friends or family, and performing household chores. Demographic variables include the respondent's age, sex, birthplace, marital status, education, parents' education, number of children, ages of children, occupation, nationality, religious affiliation, and native language.

Kohn, Melvin L. Longitudinal Data on Social Structure and Personality, Based on Interviews With a Random Sample of Men and Women Living in the Urban Areas of Ukraine in 1992-1993, and Re-interviews With a Subsample in 1996. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2008-04-01. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR21662.v1

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National Science Foundation (#SES9107584, #SRB-9728374)

1992 -- 1993


1992 -- 1993 (baseline survey)

1996 (follow-up survey)

Users should refer to SOCIAL STRUCTURE AND PERSONALITY UNDER CONDITIONS OF RADICAL SOCIAL CHANGE: A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF POLAND (1992) AND THE UKRAINE (1992-1993) [ICPSR 2362] for more information on the original data from which the sample has been extracted.

The sample was drawn by Valeri Khmelko, Leonid Finkel, and Vladimir Paniotto, using a method that they designed to overcome the limitations of past procedures for selecting samples in the former Soviet Union and the poor quality of official statistics in Ukraine. Their method is based on multi-stage random sampling: the first stage being to sample several hundred districts, then to successively sample post offices, streets, buildings, and apartments, and finally adult residents (aged 18 or older) living in the selected apartments. The follow-up survey was conducted by re-interviewing all those respondents in the original survey who at the time of that survey had been employed or unemployed and looking for work.

Adult residents aged 18 or older living in Ukraine who were either employed or unemployed and looking for work at the time of the survey.






  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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