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American National Election Studies, 2000, 2002, and 2004: Full Panel Study (ICPSR 21500)

Principal Investigator(s): University of Michigan. Center for Political Studies. National Election Studies


This data file does not represent new content, but instead it is the result of merging data from the 2000 NES, the 2002 NES, and the 2004 ANES Panel Study. The 2000 ANES contains questions in areas such as values and predispositions, media exposure, social altruism, and social networks. Special-interest and topical content includes a sizable battery on the Clinton legacy and a smaller retrospective battery on former President George H.W. Bush, new social trust questions specific to neighborhood and workplace, expanded content on civic engagement, questions related to the debate about campaign finance reform, and the first ANES time series appearance of measures on cognitive style. The 2002 ANES contains questions in areas such as social trust and civic engagement. Special-interest and topical content includes questions on the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the war on terrorism, economic inequality, the 2000 Presidential election, recent corporate scandals, the 2001 tax cut, and proposed elimination of the estate tax. The 2004 phase of the panel study was given in large part to questions that capture the likely consequences of the election contest of 2000 and the terrorist attack of September 11th, as understood and interpreted by ordinary Americans. This included instrumentation on participation in political and civic life, satisfaction with democratic institutions, support for administration policy, and views on Afghanistan, Iraq, and homeland security. Demographic variables include sex, race, age, marital status, family income, education level, religious preference, political party affiliation, voter participation history, and registration status.

Series: American National Election Study (ANES) Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


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Study Description


University of Michigan. Center for Political Studies. National Election Studies. American National Election Studies, 2000, 2002, and 2004: Full Panel Study. ICPSR21500-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2009-01-30. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR21500.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR21500.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • Center for Information and Research on Civic Learning and Engagement
  • Carnegie Corporation
  • Russell Sage Foundation
  • University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research
  • University of Michigan. Office of the Provost
  • University of Michigan. Office of the Vice President for Research

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    Buchanan, Pat, Bush, George H.W., candidates, citizen participation, Clinton, Bill, congressional elections, Democratic Party (USA), domestic policy, economic conditions, foreign policy, Gore, Al, government performance, national elections, political affiliation, political attitudes, political campaigns, political efficacy, political issues, political participation, public approval, public opinion, public policy, religious beliefs, Republican Party (USA), September 11 attack, social networks, social values, tax cuts, trust in government, United States House of Representatives, United States Senate, voter expectations, voter history, voting behavior

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 2000--2004

Date of Collection:   

  • 2000-09-05--2000-11-06
  • 2000-11-08--2000-12-18
  • 2002-09-18--2002-11-04
  • 2002-11-06--2002-12-06
  • 2004-11-03--2004-12-20

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    Adult population of the United States aged 18 and over.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

ICPSR created a unique sequential record identifier variable named CASEID (formerly variable PANELID).

Value labels for unknown codes were added in variable P001035.

The users of this data should periodically check the current errata updates on the NES 2000-2002-2004 FULL PANEL FILE Web page.

Certain variables do not have summary statistics due to the summary statistics exceeding the maximum of allowed categories.


Sample:    Some respondents were selected by traditional area probability sampling and were interviewed face-to-face. Other respondents were interviewed over the telephone, having been selected by the use of RDD sampling.

Weight:    The data contain five weight variables (WT00PRE, WT00PO, WT02PRE, WT02PO, WT04) that should be used for analysis.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview, telephone interview

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   2009-01-30

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