Evaluation of the Texas State Public School Nutrition Policy Change on Student Food Selection and Sales, School Years 2003-2004 and 2004-2005 (ICPSR 20966)

Published: Nov 19, 2007

Principal Investigator(s):
Karen W. Cullen, Baylor College of Medicine. Children's Nutrition Research Center


Version V1

In August 2004, Texas implemented the Texas Public School Nutrition Policy in order to promote healthier nutrition in its schools. The new policy restricted high fat and high sugar foods, reduced portion sizes, and phased out "deep-fat fried" foods in school food service environments. This study evaluated the impact of that policy by comparing National School Lunch Program (NSLP) production records and school snack bar/a la carte line sales data before and after the policy was implemented. Data from a number of Texas elementary, middle, and high schools for the prepolicy 2003-2004 school year were compared with their data for the postpolicy 2004-2005 school year. Daily NSLP production records list the number of servings of fresh fruit, canned fruit, regular vegetables, high fat vegetables (french fries), legumes, orange juice, apple juice, grape juice, whole milk, fat free milk, chocolate milk, strawberry milk, variety milk, yogurt, low fat/fat free cheese, string cheese, and cube cheese served to students. The snack bar/a la carte line data report annual sales of candy, baked chips, regular chips, deserts, sweetened drinks, ice cream, and water. Demographic information about the schools' school districts include socioeconomic status (less than half of the students eligible for free or reduced price lunches under NSLP/half or more eligible), district size (less than 10,000 students/10,000 or more students), and percentages of Hispanic, Black, and White students. Demographic information about the schools, themselves, includes number of registered students, average number of students and adults served per day, and percent of students eligible for free or reduced price lunches.

Cullen, Karen W. Evaluation of the Texas State Public School Nutrition Policy Change on Student Food Selection and Sales, School Years 2003-2004 and 2004-2005. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2007-11-19. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR20966.v1

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Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (56756)

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2003 -- 2005


Forty-nine schools, from 11 of the 1,039 school districts in Texas and 10 of its 20 educational service regions, provided usable data for both years of the study. Forty-four schools provided daily NSLP production records while 5 only provided monthly NSLP data. Only 23 schools from 5 of the districts in 4 regions provided snack bar/a la carte sales data. The 11 school districts comprised 5 large districts with 10,000 or more students and 6 districts with less than 10,000 students. The demographics of the participating school districts were very similar to Texas as a whole.

Elementary, middle, and high schools in Texas.

administrative records

administrative records data




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