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Birthweight Data From the Philadelphia Almshouse Hospital, 1848-1873 (ICPSR 20701)

Principal Investigator(s): Goldin, Claudia, Harvard University; Margo, Robert A., Boston University


This collection contains individual-level data on mid-Nineteenth Century births at the Philadelphia Almshouse Hospital, an institution for the poor and their offspring. Variables in the dataset include age, marital status, place of birth, parity (number of previous children), type of birth, position (1,2,3,4) of birth, day of birth, commencement of labor, hour of delivery, times of stages of labor, sex of infant, total length of infant, body length of infant, birth weight, length of gestation, and total duration of labor.

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


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Study Description


Goldin, Claudia, and Robert A. Margo. Birthweight Data From the Philadelphia Almshouse Hospital, 1848-1873. ICPSR20701-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2008-01-03. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR20701.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR20701.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    birth, birth records, historical data, labor (birth), live births, nineteenth century

Geographic Coverage:    Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, United States

Time Period:   

  • 1848--1873

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    individual births

Data Type(s):    administrative records data


Data Source:

obstetrics records

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   2008-01-03

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