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Male and Female Wages and Employment from English Farm Accounts, 1740-1850 (ICPSR 20323)

Principal Investigator(s): Burnette, Joyce, Wabash College


This study is based on a nonrandom sample of manuscript farm wage accounts. It contains information on the farm labor force (wages and employment by gender) and the location of the farm. The records contain information on all farm laborers working at the farm, but no information on any family labor or farm servants who may or may not have been employed. First names were used to categorize workers as male or female. Complete employment records for a full year were used to calculate the total number of days worked in one year by male and female laborers. Wages are the median wages paid by gender and season.

Access Notes

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DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Wages - Download All Files (0.808 MB)
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS2:  Employment - Download All Files (0.768 MB)
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   

Study Description


Burnette, Joyce. MALE AND FEMALE WAGES AND EMPLOYMENT FROM ENGLISH FARM ACCOUNTS, 1740-1850. ICPSR20323-v1. Crawfordsville, IN: Joyce Burnette, Wabash College [producer], 2007. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2007-11-09. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR20323.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR20323.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (0123954)
  • American Philosophical Society

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    employment, farm workers, income, labor force, wages and salaries, working women

Geographic Coverage:    England, Global

Time Period:   

  • 1740--1850

Date of Collection:   

  • 1992--2006

Unit of Observation:    farm-year

Universe:    English farms, 1740-1850

Data Type(s):    administrative records data

Data Collection Notes:

(1) Part 1, Wages, and Part 2, Employment, contain the same unique farm identifier (farm no). Observations with the same farm number and same date refer to the same wage accounts, so the Wages and Employment datasets could be linked, though some observations would be lost. (2) Employment is the total number of days worked in a full year, but the year does not always run from January 1 to December 31. A number of accounts run from one Michaelmas (Sept. 29) to the next, in which case the year given is the calendar year during which most of the fiscal year falls. (3) Wages are reported for males and female in summer and winter. Some wage observations (as indicated by the variable "NotComputed") were based on isolated wage observations, but most (84 percent) were based on a full year of wage accounts.


Data Source:

A non-random sample of farm account books surviving in English archives.


Original ICPSR Release:   2007-11-09

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