Male and Female Wages and Employment from English Farm Accounts, 1740-1850 (ICPSR 20323)

Published: Nov 9, 2007

Principal Investigator(s):
Joyce Burnette, Wabash College

Version V1

This study is based on a nonrandom sample of manuscript farm wage accounts. It contains information on the farm labor force (wages and employment by gender) and the location of the farm. The records contain information on all farm laborers working at the farm, but no information on any family labor or farm servants who may or may not have been employed. First names were used to categorize workers as male or female. Complete employment records for a full year were used to calculate the total number of days worked in one year by male and female laborers. Wages are the median wages paid by gender and season.

Burnette, Joyce. Male and Female Wages and Employment from English Farm Accounts, 1740-1850. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2007-11-09.

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National Science Foundation (0123954)

American Philosophical Society

1740 -- 1850

1992 -- 2006

(1) Part 1, Wages, and Part 2, Employment, contain the same unique farm identifier (farm no). Observations with the same farm number and same date refer to the same wage accounts, so the Wages and Employment datasets could be linked, though some observations would be lost. (2) Employment is the total number of days worked in a full year, but the year does not always run from January 1 to December 31. A number of accounts run from one Michaelmas (Sept. 29) to the next, in which case the year given is the calendar year during which most of the fiscal year falls. (3) Wages are reported for males and female in summer and winter. Some wage observations (as indicated by the variable "NotComputed") were based on isolated wage observations, but most (84 percent) were based on a full year of wage accounts.

English farms, 1740-1850


A non-random sample of farm account books surviving in English archives.

administrative records data




  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

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