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Center for Research on Social Reality [Spain] Survey, January 1994: Supranational Identification (ICPSR 2030)

Principal Investigator(s): Centro de Estudios sobre la Realidad Social (CIRES)


This survey was designed to measure public opinion of the Spanish population on a variety of topics relating to questions of national and supranational identity. Respondents were asked about their current situation, their concerns, degree of personal satisfaction, degree of happiness, and basic attitudes. Respondents were asked for their opinions about Spain and the world, and what they thought were the most important national and international issues. Respondents were asked about their identification with other countries and regions in around the world, as well as their knowledge of and interest in world affairs. A series of questions was also asked about their attitudes and identification with Latin America. Questions addressed the following specific topics: their knowledge of Latin American countries, their evaluation of Spanish influence in Latin America, present relations between Spain and Latin America, desired relations between Spain and Latin America, and their basic attitudes towards Spanish-Latin American relations. There was a similar series of questions relating to attitudes and identification with Europe. Respondents were asked about their knowledge of and attitudes toward the European Economic Community (EEC), the perceived benefits for Spain due to membership in the EEC, their degree of identification with Europe, their participation in European elections, the consequences of European unification, and their experience traveling in Europe. Respondents also were asked about their identification with their autonomous community and whether they identified more with it or with Spain. Demographic information includes gender, age, marital status, size of household, occupation, religion, political ideology, social class (subjective), place of birth, place of residence, education, and income.

Series: Center for Research on Social Reality [Spain] Survey Series

Access Notes

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Study Description


Centro de Estudios sobre la Realidad Social (CIRES). Center for Research on Social Reality [Spain] Survey, January 1994: Supranational Identification. ICPSR02030-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2008-10-07. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02030.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02030.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • Fundacion BBV (Spain)
  • Fundacion Caja Madrid
  • Fundacion Bilbao Bizkaia Kutxa (Spain)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    attitudes, economic issues, European Economic Community, European unification, European Union, happiness, international relations, life satisfaction, national identity, national pride, nationalism, optimism, political issues, perceptions, public opinion, satisfaction, social issues, worldview

Smallest Geographic Unit:    province

Geographic Coverage:    Europe, Spain, Global

Time Period:   

  • 1994

Date of Collection:   

  • 1994-01-10--1994-01-15

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    A cross-section of the Spanish population aged 18 and over.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

(1) The original questionnaire (in Spanish) is included in the study documentation. (2) Due to issues of compatibility with SPSS, some diacritical marks have been removed from the variable and value labels. Complete variable and value labels, including diacritical marks, can be found in the codebook.


Sample:    The sample consisted of 1,200 persons of either sex, aged 18 and over, living in Spain. It was a random sample, stratified by autonomous regions and municipalities according to their size. The sample error is 2.89 percent for p = 0.50 with a confidence level of 95.5 percent

Weight:    The weighting of the sample is based on sex and age, according to the following distribution: Male, 18-29 = .13243, Male, 30-49 = .16978, Male, 50-64 = .10424, Male, 65 and over = .07538, Female, 18-29 = .12836, Female, 30-49 = .17039, Female, 50-64 = .11145, and Female, 65 and over = .10798. This weighting is reflected in variable E71 of the questionnaire. See also the CIRES Weighting table in the original codebook.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview


Original ICPSR Release:   2008-09-23

Version History:

  • 2009-08-26 The ICPSR codebook has been updated for this collection, including a minor text edit made to the study title in the "Processing Notes" section.



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