Census of Population and Housing, 1970 [United States]: Public Use Samples (ICPSR 18)

Published: Feb 16, 1992

Principal Investigator(s):
United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census



Version V1

This data collection contains 132 Public Use Microdata Samples (PUMS) files from the 1970 Census of Population and Housing. Information is provided in these files on the housing unit, such as occupancy and vacancy status of house, tenure, value of property, commercial use, year structure was built, number of rooms, availability of plumbing facilities, sewage disposal, bathtub or shower, complete kitchen facilities, flush toilet, water, telephone, and air conditioning. Data are also provided on household characteristics such as the number of persons aged 18 years and younger in the household, the presence of roomers, boarders, or lodgers, the presence of other nonrelative and of relative other than wife or child of head of household, the number of persons per room, the rent paid for unit, and the number of persons with Spanish surnames. Other demographic variables provide information on age, race, marital status, place of birth, state of birth, Puerto Rican heritage, citizenship, education, occupation, employment status, size of family, farm earnings, and family income. This hierarchical data collection contains approximately 214 variables for the 15-percent sample, 227 variables for the 5-percent sample, and 117 variables for the neighborhood characteristics sample.

United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census. Census of Population and Housing, 1970 [United States]: Public Use Samples. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1992-02-16. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR00018.v1

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Each 1970 Public Use Sample is a representative sample of the records from the 1970 Census sample questionnaires. The primary sample size is 1-in-100 or one sample unit (household, vacant unit, or person in group quarters) for every 100 such units in the population. Two long-form Census questionnaires were used in the 1970 Census: one for a 15-percent sample of the population, the other for a 5-percent sample. Of the 1970 samples, three 1/100 samples were drawn from the 15-percent sample data, and three from the 5-percent sample data, one for each of the three options for geographic information: (1) county groups, (2) states, and (3) geographic divisions with neighborhood characteristics. Any one sample contains only one of these types of information.

All persons and housing units in the United States in 1970.

self-enumerated questionnaires




  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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