This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.

Economics, Issues, and the Perot Candidacy: Voter Choice in the 1992 Presidential Election (ICPSR 1112)

Principal Investigator(s): Alvarez, R. Michael; Nagler, Jonathan


This research was a multinomial probit analysis of 1992 National Election Studies data including individual-specific and alternative-specific variables. It consisted of simulations based on counterfactual scenarios of ideological positions of the candidates and of voter perceptions of the economy. Results of the study show that the economy was the dominant factor in accounting for voter decisions in 1992, and that Clinton, not Perot, was the beneficiary of economic discontent. Issues played an important role in this election, but Clinton was not perceived as a "New Democrat". The authors found little support for the hypothesis of angry voting. Also, they discovered that Perot took more votes from Bush than from Clinton.

Access Notes

  • These data are flagged as replication datasets and are distributed exactly as they arrived from the data depositor. ICPSR has not checked or processed this material. Users should consult the investigator(s) if further information is desired.

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.


Dataset - Download All Files (0.433 MB)

Study Description


Alvarez, R. Michael, and Jonathan Nagler. Economics, Issues, and the Perot Candidacy: Voter Choice in the 1992 Presidential Election. ICPSR01112-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1996-01-04. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR01112.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR01112.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    Clinton, Bill, national economy, Perot, Ross, presidential elections, voter preferences

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1992



Original ICPSR Release:   1996-01-04

Version History:

  • 1999-10-07 In preparing the dataset for replication, an error was found in the construction of the original data used in the article. Corrected data were submitted. The new files are alvar95.tar and alvar95.zip, the old files are alvar95.oldtar and alvar95.old.zip.

Related Publications


Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics