Violent Events in France, 1830-1860 and 1930-1960 (ICPSR 09080)

Published: Jan 12, 2006

Principal Investigator(s):
Charles Tilly; Raul Zambrano

Version V1

This data collection was constructed as part of an ongoing research project aimed at examining and reformulating alternative explanations of conflict in France during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Information is supplied on the characteristics of each set of participants in a violent event ("formation"), including demographic, occupational, and political variables, and on the characteristics of the event as a whole. The magnitude of each disturbance is described by information on the number of participants, the number of man-days expended, and the number of participants killed, wounded, or arrested, as well as the form and extent of violence, property damage, and the immediate consequences of the violent event. Included also are descriptive data specifying the date, duration, location, and proximate causes of each event, and the major divisions separating its antagonists. In addition, the data collection identifies the sources reporting each event and cites key descriptive words used in the accounts of the incident.

Tilly, Charles, and Zambrano, Raul. Violent Events in France, 1830-1860 and 1930-1960. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2006-01-12.

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Princeton University. Center for International Studies

Social Science Research Council

National Science Foundation

1962 -- 1988

(1) The six files that constitute this collection comprise the components of a relational database, i.e., the information pertaining to any single event is contained in different files that share one or more common fields. (2) This collection is an extensively revised version of a recently dearchived ICPSR study: DISTURBANCES IN FRANCE, 1830-1860 AND 1930-1960: GENERAL SAMPLE (ICPSR 0050).

All events encompassed by the universe.

Violent events having at least 50 persons in one of the groups involved resulting in seizure, injury, or damage to at least one person or object that occurred in public places within continental France during the years 1830 to 1860 and 1930 to 1960. To qualify as a violent event, the person or object sustaining the attack had to be or belong to someone outside the acting group. Incidents in which troops or police inflicted the only violence are excluded.

The data were culled from archives, newspapers, general histories, yearbooks, monographs, and other published sources.

event/transaction data



2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 7 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.


  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented.
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