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World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers, 1968-1977 (ICPSR 7780)

Principal Investigator(s): United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency


This data collection contains world military expenditures and arms trade data for 140 countries in the period 1968-1977. Data are provided for national military expenditures, including the value of weapons exports and imports in millions of United States dollars, as well as for population characteristics. Various socioeconomic data are presented to provide a comparative background for the series. Data are provided on the gross national product (GNP), military expenditures, central government expenditures, public health expenditures, and public education expenditures. Additional variables provide information on the number of soldiers, teachers, and doctors per 1,000 population, and total imports and exports of other goods and services.

Series: World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers [Trade] Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


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Study Description


United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers, 1968-1977. ICPSR07780-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1992. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07780.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07780.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    armaments, armed forces, arms exports, arms imports, arms race, arms trade, arms transfers, defense (military), defense spending, economic indicators, education expenditures, Gross National Product, international trade, military expenditures, military personnel, military strength, nations, population estimates, public health, social indicators, weapons

Geographic Coverage:    Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Angola, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Chile, China (Peoples Republic), Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Gambia, Germany, Ghana, Global, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Japan, Jordan, Kenya, Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon, Lesotho, Liberia, Libya, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, North Korea, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Romania, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Somalia, South Africa, South Korea, Soviet Union, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, United Arab Emirates, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam (Socialist Republic), Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Time Period:   

  • 1968--1977

Universe:    A total of 140 countries, nearly all of which were members of the United Nations.

Data Type(s):    aggregate data

Data Collection Notes:

For a complete discussion of sources, definitions, computational procedures, and caveats, consult the related publication cited below.


Data Source:

United States Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. WORLD MILITARY EXPENDITURES AND ARMS TRANSFERS, 1968-1977. Washington, DC: The Agency, 1980.


Original ICPSR Release:   1984-05-03

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