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American National Election Study: 1995 Pilot Study (ICPSR 6636)

Principal Investigator(s): Rosenstone, Steven J.; Miller, Warren E.; Kinder, Donald R.; National Election Studies


A number of pilot studies have been conducted by the National Election Studies (NES) for the purpose of developing new instrumentation. The 1995 Pilot Study is part of this effort, which also includes studies conducted in 1979, 1983, 1985, 1987, 1989, 1991, and 1993. As in earlier pilot studies (except for 1979), the 1995 study respondents were a subset of the previous year's traditional time-series respondents. The study is a one-wave reinterview of a randomly selected subset of respondents with telephones from the fresh cross-section portion of the AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY, 1994: POST-ELECTION SURVEY [ENHANCED WITH 1992 AND 1993 DATA] (ICPSR 6507). The 1995 Pilot Study was conducted between August 3 and September 10, 1995. The content of the study reflects the NES commitment to improve measures of candidate evaluation, the impact of the campaign, values and predispositions, the comparative study of elections, and other responses to a stimulus letter calling for ideas for content sent to the user community on November 4, 1994. Specific topic areas in the study include: (1) an experiment using different measures of affective reactions to political figures, (2) a module of items being concurrently tested in many other nations as part of a comparative study of politics, (3) a set of 12 items asking respondents to make tradeoffs among programs, taxes, and the budget deficit, (4) a set of items designed to measure attitudes toward the environment and environmental policy, (5) a new measure of "humanitarianism," and (6) an extensive set of items regarding attention to the media intended to capture exposure to the political campaigns. In order to include all of the content, and to test between competing instrumentation, there were two forms of the questionnaire. Rosters of items, such as the thermometer, were randomized in administration to minimize order effects.

Series: American National Election Study (ANES) Series

Access Notes

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Study Description


Rosenstone, Steven J., Warren E. Miller, Donald R. Kinder, and National Election Studies. American National Election Study: 1995 Pilot Study. ICPSR06636-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1999. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06636.v2

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06636.v2

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SOC77-08885, SES-8341310, SES-8808361, SBR-9317631)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    candidates, congressional elections, domestic policy, economic conditions, environmental policy, federal budget deficit, foreign policy, government performance, government programs, media use, national elections, political affiliation, political attitudes, political campaigns, political efficacy, political elites, political participation, presidential elections, public approval, public opinion, taxes, trust in government, voter expectations, voter history, voting behavior

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1995-08-03--1995-09-10

Date of Collection:   

  • 1995

Universe:    A subset of respondents with telephones from the cross-section portion of AMERICAN NATIONAL ELECTION STUDY, 1994: POST-ELECTION SURVEY [ENHANCED WITH 1992 AND 1993 DATA] (ICPSR 6507).

Data Type(s):    survey data


Sample:    The sample consisted of a randomly selected subset of respondents with telephones from the fresh cross-section portion of ICPSR 6507. Panel respondents from 1994 who had been interviewed in 1992 were not eligible for reinterview in the 1995 Pilot Study. The randomly selected sample consisted of 704 respondents from 1994, 486 of whom agreed to be interviewed in 1995. The number of refusals was 95. The remainder of the noninterviews are persons with whom contact was lost, or who were unavailable during the study period, for reasons such as illness or absence from home.

Mode of Data Collection:    telephone interview


Original ICPSR Release:   1995-12-21

Version History:

  • 1999-08-20 The data for this study are now available in SAS transport and SPSS export formats in addition to the ASCII data file. Variables in the dataset have been renumbered to the following format: 2-digit (or 2-character) year prefix + 4 digits + [optional] 1-character suffix. Dataset ID and version variables have also been added.

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