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ANES 1980 Major Panel Study (ICPSR 35120)

Alternate Title:   American National Election Study, 1980 - Major Panel File (P1-P4)

Principal Investigator(s): Miller, Warren E., University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Center for Political Studies; National Election Studies/Center for Political Studies


This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1948, and designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. Content areas targeted for special attention were respondents' party identification, their attitudes regarding public policy issues, public perceptions of, and responses to political leadership, as well as the exploration of social networks in the crystallization of the vote choice. The Major Panel File (P1-P4), presents a year-long four-wave panel. The timing of the waves corresponds to events in the election year cycle. The panel began in late January 1980 (P-1) as a national cross-section of 1,008 cases, and interviewing ended before the New Hampshire primary on February 24, 1980. Respondents from the first wave were re-interviewed in June (P-2) immediately after the last set of primary elections that were held on June 3, 1980. The third panel interview (P-3) was conducted during the month of September 1980. The fourth and final wave (P-4) was conducted immediately after the general election and includes re-interviews with respondents who did not participate in Wave 3. Wave 4 was a fifteen-minute telephone interview, covering mainly the respondents' vote preferences and participation in the election campaign. Contextual information is included in the dataset.

Series: American National Election Study (ANES) Series

Access Notes

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Study Description


Miller, Warren E., and National Election Studies/Center for Political Studies. ANES 1980 Major Panel Study. ICPSR35120-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-02-26. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR35120.v2

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR35120.v2

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SOC77-08885)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    campaign contributions, candidates, congressional elections, domestic policy, economic conditions, election returns, foreign policy, government performance, information sources, national elections, political affiliation, political attitudes, political campaigns, political efficacy, political issues, political participation, presidential elections, primaries, public approval, public opinion, Reagan Administration (1981-1989), special interest groups, trust in government, voter expectations, voter history, voting behavior

Smallest Geographic Unit:    congressional district

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1980-01-22--1980-02-25
  • 1980-06-04--1980-07-13
  • 1980-09-02--1980-10-01
  • 1980-11-05--1980-11-25

Date of Collection:   

  • 1980-01-22--1980-02-25
  • 1980-06-04--1980-07-13
  • 1980-09-02--1980-10-01
  • 1980-11-05--1980-11-25

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    U.S. citizens of voting age living in private households in the 48 contiguous states.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

The ANES 1980 Major Panel variables are numbered as follows:

  • VMP0001-VMP0612: Wave 1 (January);
  • VMP2001-VMP2440: Wave 2 (June);
  • VMP3001-VMP3587: Wave 3 (September);
  • VMP4001-VMP4114 Wave 4 (November);
  • VMP4115-VMP4126: Vote Validation Variables;
  • VMP5001-VMP5225: Contextual variables.

An additional "Minor Panel" consisting of interviews in April with a post-election telephone re-interview is available only in the ANES 1980 Merged File (ICPSR 35119)

For further information please see the ANES Data Center Web site.


Sample:    Multistage representative cross-section.

Weight:    There are no weight variables in this dataset.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview, telephone interview


Original ICPSR Release:   2014-05-19

Version History:

  • 2016-02-26 SPSS, SAS, and Stata setup files, as well as SPSS and Stata system files, a SAS transport (CPORT) file, a tab-delimited data file, and an R data file have been added to the collection. The codebook was updated.

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