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ANES 1998 Time Series Study (ICPSR 2684)

Alternate Title:   American National Election Study, 1998: Post-Election Survey

Principal Investigator(s): Sapiro, Virginia, University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Center for Political Studies; Rosenstone, Steven J., University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. Center for Political Studies; University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. American National Election Studies


This study is part of a time-series collection of national surveys fielded continuously since 1948. The election studies are designed to present data on Americans' social backgrounds, enduring political predispositions, social and political values, perceptions and evaluations of groups and candidates, opinions on questions of public policy, and participation in political life. Substantive themes of the 1998 election study include, among others, knowledge and evaluation of the House candidates and placement of the candidates on various issue dimensions, interest in the political campaigns, attentiveness to the media's coverage of the campaign, media use, evaluation of the mass media, vote choice, partisanship, and evaluations of the political parties and the party system. Additional items focused on political participation, political mobilization, evaluations of the president and Congress, the "Lewinsky affair," egalitarianism, moral traditionalism, political trust, political efficacy, ideology, cultural pluralism, and political knowledge. Respondents were also asked about their attitudes toward a wide range of issues, including social policy, racial policy, military and foreign policy, immigration, foreign imports, prayer in schools, school vouchers, the environment, the death penalty, women's rights, abortion, as well as religion and politics, including new measures of explicitly political and religious orientations. Demographic variables include respondent's age, sex, nationality, marital status, employment status, occupation, and education.

Series: American National Election Study (ANES) Series

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SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
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Study Description


Sapiro, Virginia, Steven J. Rosenstone, and University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research. American National Election Studies. ANES 1998 Time Series Study. ICPSR02684-v4. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2016-03-28. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02684.v4

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02684.v4

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SBR-9707741, SBR-9317631, SES-9209410, SES-9009379,SES-8808361, SES-8341310, SES-8207580, and SOC77-08885)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    congressional candidates, congressional elections, domestic policy, economic conditions, economic policy, environmental policy, foreign policy, government performance, Lewinsky scandal, mass media, media coverage, morality, national elections, political affiliation, political attitudes, political campaigns, political efficacy, political issues, political participation, political partisanship, presidential elections, presidential performance, public approval, public opinion, trust in government, voter expectations, voter history, voting behavior

Smallest Geographic Unit:    congressional district

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1998

Date of Collection:   

  • 1998-11-04--1998-12-23

Unit of Observation:    individual

Universe:    All United States citizens of voting age on, or before November 3, 1998, residing in housing units other than on military reservations in the 48 co-terminous states.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

For further information please see the ANES Data Center Web site.


Sample:    National multistage area probability sample.

Time Method:    Time Series: Discrete

Weight:    The 1998 Post-Election Study data includes analysis weight V980002. This weight was created for the primary purpose of correcting for under- representation of younger and less educated respondents, and is post-stratified to match the Current Population Study (CPS) estimate of the distribution of age group by education level. It is the product of a within-household selection weight, a household-level non-response adjustment factor, and the person-level post-stratification factor already described. The non-response adjustment factor compensates for differential response rates by Census Region and metropolitan status. Full information about construction of the weight is found in the section "1998 Weight Documentation" of the original ICPSR Codebook, 2000 Release.

Mode of Data Collection:    face-to-face interview, telephone interview

Response Rates:    1,281 completions were obtained from 2,008 eligible in the sample, for a response rate of 63.9 percent.

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created online analysis version with question text.


Original ICPSR Release:   1999-03-25

Version History:

  • 2016-03-28 The SPSS and SAS setup files were updated. Stata setup files, as well as SPSS and Stata system files, a SAS transport (CPORT) file, a tab-delimited data file, and an R data file have been added to the collection. An errata file describing previous changes to the data and documentation was removed as it was no longer relevant for the current version of the study. The codebook was updated.
  • 2015-11-09 The study metadata was updated.
  • 2000-11-10 An errata file describing minor changes to the data and documentation has been added to the collection. Also, minor formatting changes have been made to the SAS and SPSS data definition statements.

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