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Euro-Barometer 34.0: Perceptions of the European Community, and Employment Patterns and Child Rearing, October-November 1990 (ICPSR 9576)

Principal Investigator(s): Reif, Karlheinz; Melich, Anna


This round of Eurobarometer surveys queried respondents on standard Eurobarometer measures, such as how satisfied they were with their present life, whether they attempted to persuade others close to them to share their views on subjects they held strong opinions about, whether they discussed political matters, what their country's goals should be for the next ten to fifteen years, and how they viewed the need for societal change. Additional questions focused on the respondents' knowledge of and opinions on the European Community (EC), including how well-informed they felt about the EC, whether their country had benefited from being an EC member, and the extent of their personal interest in EC matters. Another major focus of the surveys was on how current social and cultural conditions affected the lives of individuals and households. Respondents were asked to assess general economic conditions and the current and future financial situations of their own households, to describe personal interests and the types of voluntary associations to which they belonged, and to comment on the prospective establishment of a Single European Market in 1992, the possible formation of an EC police force for combating terrorism and drug trafficking, which areas of policy should be decided by national governments and which by the EC, the rights of noncitizens in EC countries, the role of the EC in cultural matters, and the position that the EC should assume in reacting to upheavals in Central and Eastern Europe and in the Persian Gulf. Other questions focused on major problems facing European youth, the qualities parents should encourage in their children, knowledge and use of different languages in the home, and the importance of foreign languages in general. A separate section of the survey probed individual employment patterns, asking respondents to describe their employment histories, how changes in their family lives affected their working lives, times of unemployment, reasons for starting work again after a period of unemployment other than money, and occupation. This section also probed the role of child-rearing in family employment patterns by asking respondents to describe their experiences with child care, the distribution of household duties within the family, and their attitudes toward raising children in general. An additional set of questions constituted a test for validation of the proposed variables for harmonization of demographics in the Eurobarometer. This section was a joint effort of the Commission of the EC and INRA (International Research Associates, EUROPE), under the supervision of ESOMAR (European Society for Opinion and Marketing Research). The Norwegian Social Science Data Services (NSD) conducted a survey in Norway independent from, but parallel to, Euro-Barometer 34.0, which was incorporated into this data collection by ICPSR. Many of the questions in Eurobarometer 34.0 were also asked in Norway, though some questions were slightly modified. Respondents in Norway were also queried about additional issues, including their knowledge of the negotiations on European economic cooperation, their opinions about possible Norwegian membership in the EC, and their views concerning the advantages and disadvantages of Norwegian membership in the EC. As in previous Eurobarometers, questions on political party preference queried respondents about which party they felt closest to, how they voted in their country's last general election, and how they would vote if a general election were held tomorrow. Additional information was gathered on family income, number of people residing in the home, size of locality, home ownership, trade union membership, region of residence, occupation of the head of household, and the respondent's age, sex, education, religion, religiosity, subjective social class standing, socio-professional status, and left-right political self-placement.

Series: Eurobarometer Survey Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


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Study Description


Reif, Karlheinz, and Anna Melich. Euro-Barometer 34.0: Perceptions of the European Community, and Employment Patterns and Child Rearing, October-November 1990. ICPSR09576-v2. Cologne, Germany: Zentralarchiv fur Empirische Sozialforschung/Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 2001. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09576.v2

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09576.v2

Export Citation:

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    attitudes, child rearing, cultural perceptions, domestic responsibilities, economic conditions, economic integration, employment, European unification, European Union, family work relationship, foreign languages, foreign policy, job history, language study, life satisfaction, parental attitudes, political affiliation, political influence, public opinion, public policy, quality of life, social change, social problems, voter preference, youths

Geographic Coverage:    Belgium, Denmark, Europe, France, Germany, Global, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, United Kingdom

Time Period:   

  • 1990

Universe:    Persons aged 15 and over residing in the 12 member nations of the European Community: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom, as well as in Norway.

Data Type(s):    survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Data processing for this collection was initially performed at the Zentralarchiv fur Empirische Sozialforschung in Cologne, Germany. ICPSR incorporated data for Norway and completed the processing.

There are three versions of the data collection instrument: an English version, a French version, and a Norwegian version, which is slightly different from the English and French questionnaires. Also, variables V497-V541 are not available in the French data collection instrument.


Sample:    Multistage national probability samples. Sampling information for Norway was not provided.

Data Source:

personal interviews

Extent of Processing:   ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Performed consistency checks.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:   1993-10-11

Version History:

  • 2001-03-27 The codebook and SAS and SPSS data definition statements have been updated to provide labels for East German income categories for variable D16 INCOME (V302). Also, the codebook is now available as a Portable Document Format (PDF) file.

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