Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) Series

The Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) is a large-scale, interdisciplinary study of how families, schools, and neighborhoods affect child and adolescent development. It was designed to advance the understanding of the developmental pathways of both positive and negative human social behaviors. In particular, the project examined the causes and pathways of juvenile delinquency, adult crime, substance abuse, and violence. At the same time, the project also provided a detailed look at the environments in which these social behaviors take place by collecting substantial amounts of data about urban Chicago, including its people, institutions, and resources.

PHDCN was directed from the Harvard School of Public Health, and funded by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, the National Institute of Justice, the National Institute of Mental Health, the U.S. Department of Education, and the Administration for Children, Youth and Families.

The project design consisted of two major components. The first was an intensive study of Chicago's neighborhood's, particularly the social, economic, organizational, political, and cultural structures and the dynamic changes that take place in the structures over time. The second component was a series of coordinated longitudinal studies that followed over 6,000 randomly selected children, adolescents, and young adults over time to examine the changing circumstances of their lives, as well as the personal characteristics, that might lead them toward or away from a variety of antisocial behaviors.

Community Surveys

The Community Surveys measured the structural conditions and organization of neighborhoods in Chicago with respect to the dynamic structure of the local community, the neighborhood organizational and political structures, cultural values, information and formal social control, and social cohesion. The first Community Survey was conducted in 1994-1995 and consisted of household interviews with 8,782 adult Chicago residents from 343 neighborhood clusters.

Systematic Social Observations

Systematic Social Observation (SSO) is a standardized approach for directly observing the physical, social, and economic characteristics of neighborhoods, one block at a time. The main objective of the SSO was to measure the effects of neighborhood characteristics upon young people's development, specifically the variables associated with youth violence. SSO data were collected in 1995 by videotaping and coding characteristics of 80 sampled blocks from 343 neighborhood clusters in Chicago.

Infant Assessment Unit

As part of the Longitudinal Cohort Study, 412 infants from the birth cohort and their primary caregivers were studied during wave 1 (1994-1997) to examine the effects of prenatal and postnatal conditions on the health and cognitive functioning of infants in the first year of life. The Infant Assessment Unit also sought to link early developmental processes and the onset of antisocial behavior and to measure the strength of these relationships. The infants received an assessment between the ages of 5 to 7 months, in addition to the protocol given to all infants in cohort 0 as part of the Longitudinal Cohort Study. Measures assessed visual recognition and memory, physical health and birth complications, temperament, and family environment. Videotaped records were used to record the response of the infant to different types of stimulation, as well as to capture interactions between the parent and infant to determine empathic responsiveness of the parent, encouragement and guidance, and overall psychopathology.

Longitudinal Cohort Study

The Longitudinal Cohort Study collected three waves of data over a period of seven years from a sample of children, adolescents, young adults, and their primary caregivers. Seven randomly-selected cohorts of respondents were selected to study the changing circumstances of their lives and the personal characteristics that may lead them towards or away from a variety of antisocial behaviors. The age cohorts include birth (0), 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 years. Data were collected at three points in time: 1994-1997, 1997-1999, and 2000-20001. Numerous measures were administered to respondents to gauge various aspects of human development, including individual differences, as well as family, peer, and school influences

Data in the Series

Study
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Systematic Social Observation, 1995
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Infant Assessment Unit, Wave 1, 1995-1997
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Master File, Wave 1, 1994-1997
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Demographic File, Wave 1, 1994-1997
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Child Behavior Checklist, Wave 1, 1994-1997
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Conflict Tactics Scale for Partner and Spouse, Wave 1, 1994-1997
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Conflict Tactics for Parent and Child, Wave 1, 1994-1997
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Deviance of Peers, Wave 1, 1994-1997
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Emotionality, Activity, Sociability, and Impulsivity Temperament Survey, Wave 1, 1994-1995
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Employment and Income Interview, Wave 1, 1994-1995
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Exposure to Violence (Primary Caregiver), Wave 1, 1994-1997
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Exposure to Violence (Subject), Wave 1, 1994-1997
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Family Environment Scale, Wave 1, 1994-1995
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Family Mental Health and Legal History, Wave 1, 1994-1997
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Family Structure and Health History, Wave 1, 1994-1997
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Health Screen, Wave 1, 1994-1997
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Home Observation for Measurement of the Environment, Wave 1, 1994-1997
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Pubertal Development Scale, Wave 1, 1994-1997
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Prenatal Health Screen, Wave 1, 1994-1997
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Provision of Social Relations (Primary Caregiver), Wave 1, 1994-1995
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Provision of Social Relations (Subject), Wave 1, 1994-1995
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Stanford-Binet, Wave 1, 1994-1997
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): School Screen, Wave 1, 1994-1997
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Self Report of Offending, Wave 1, 1994-1997
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Substance Use, Wave 1, 1994-1997
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised, Wave 1, 1994-1997
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised, Wave 1, 1994-1997
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Wide Range Achievement Test, Wave 1, 1994-1997
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Young Adult Self Report, Wave 1, 1994-1995
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Youth Self Report, Wave 1, 1994-1997
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Master File, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Demographic File, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Child and Adolescent Behavior Rating Scale, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Child Behavior Checklist, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Caregiver-Subject Conflict Scale, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Diagnostic Assessment of Reading, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Depression, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Deviance of Peers, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Dysthymia, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): My Exposure to Violence (Subject), Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): My Exposure to Violence (Primary Caregiver), Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): My Child's Exposure to Violence, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Where Are You Afraid? (Fear), Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Family Legal Update, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Family Suicide Interview, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Generalized Anxiety Disorder (Primary Caregiver), Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Generalized Anxiety Disorder (Subject), Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Gun Ownership, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Header Data, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Household Composition, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Health Screen, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Home and Life Interview, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Interviewer Impressions (Primary Caregiver), Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Interviewer Impressions (Subject), Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Interviewer Impressions (Young Adult), Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Language Screen, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Life History Calendar, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Major Depressive Disorder (Primary Caregiver), Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Major Depressive Disorder (Subject), Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Neighborhood Activity, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Oppositional Defiance Disorder (Primary Caregiver), Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Oppositional Defiance Disorder (Subject), Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Physical Abuse Scale, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Perceptions of Drug Risk, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Prenatal and Early Health, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Physical Development Scale, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Lifetime (Primary Caregiver), Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Past Year (Primary Caregiver), Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Lifetime (Subject), Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Past Year (Subject), Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Relationships, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Routine Activities, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Stanford-Binet, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): School and Day Care Screen, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): School Interview, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Self Report (Young Adult), Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Service Use, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Short Michigan Alcohol Screening Test, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Self Report of Offending, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Substance Use, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Suicide Interview, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Things I Can Do If I Try, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Voting Practices, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Wide Range Achievement Test, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Young Adult Self Report, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Youth Self Report, Wave 2, 1997-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Master File, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Demographic File, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Addendum (Primary Caregiver), Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Addendum (Young Adult), Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Adolescent Dissociative Experiences Scale, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Alcohol Use, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Antonucci Map, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Asthma History, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Attitudes Toward Mother and Father, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Alcohol Use Follow-Up, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Child and Adolescent Behavior Rating Scale, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Child Behavior Checklist, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Child Care Interview, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Caregivers' Employment, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Children and First Pregnancy, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Community Involvement and Collective Efficacy (Primary Caregiver), Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Circles, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Community Involvement and Collective Efficacy (Young Adult), Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Consequences of Substance Use, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Consequences of Childhood Exposure to Intimate Partner Violence in Chicago, Illinois, 1994-2000
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Conflict Tactics Scale for Partner and Spouse, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Conflict Tactics Scale for Parent and Child, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Diagnostic Assessment of Reading, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Depression, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Discrimination, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Deviance of Peers, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Drug Use, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Extended Family Health, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): My Exposure to Violence (Primary Caregiver), Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): My Exposure to Violence (Subject and Young Adult), Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): My Child's Exposure to Violence, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Fear and Guns, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Flagged Instrument List, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Family Legal Update, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Family Legal Update (Young Adult), Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Forward Memory, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Generalized Anxiety Disorder (Primary Caregiver Report on Subject), Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Generalized Anxiety Disorder (Primary Caregiver and Young Adult Report on Self), Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Generalized Anxiety Disorder (Subject and Young Adult), Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Gangs, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Gift Wrap, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Gun Ownership, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Header Data (Primary Caregiver), Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Header Data (Subject and Young Adult), Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Household Composition, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Health Screen, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Home and Life Interview, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Personal Identity, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Interviewer Impressions (Primary Caregiver), Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Interviewer Impressions (Subject), Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Interviewer Impressions (Young Adult), Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Language Screen, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Major Depressive Disorder (Primary Caregiver), Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Major Depressive Disorder (Subject and Young Adult), Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Mental Health Services, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Oppositional Defiance Disorder (Primary Caregiver), Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Oppositional Defiance Disorder (Subject), Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Perceptions of Drug Risk, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Primary Female Caregiver, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Physical Development Scale, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Primary Male Caregiver, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Provision of Social Relations (Primary Caregiver), Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Provision of Social Relations (Subject and Young Adult), Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Past Year (Primary Caregiver), Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Past Year (Subject), Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Relationships, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Routine Activities, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): School Screen, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): School Interview, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Self Perceptions, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Self Report of Offending, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Substance Use, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Substance Use Follow-Up, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Suicide Interview, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Things I Can Do If I Try, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-Revised, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Walk-A-Line, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Revised, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Wide Range Achievement Test, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Young Adult Self Report, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Youth Self Report, Wave 3, 2000-2002
Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods: Community Survey, 1994-1995