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Union Army Rejected Recruits in the United States, 1861-1865 (ICPSR 9428)

Principal Investigator(s): Fogel, Robert W.; Steckel, Richard H.


This data collection was designed to compare the differences between adult white males rejected by the Union Army and those accepted into the Union Army. Information includes each person's first and last name, date, place, and term of enlistment, place of birth, military identification number, occupation before enlistment, age at enlistment, and height. Summary of physical conditions, international classification of diseases code, and reason for rejection also are presented.

Series: Civil War Veterans Series

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Study Description


Fogel, Robert W., and Richard H. Steckel. Union Army Rejected Recruits in the United States, 1861-1865. ICPSR09428-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1995. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09428.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR09428.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • University of Chicago. Booth School of Business. Center for Population Economics
  • Ohio State University

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    American Civil War, body height, census data, demographic characteristics, disease, enlistment (military), health status, military recruitment, military service, mortality rates, nineteenth century, occupations, physical characteristics, physical condition, Union Army, veterans

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1861--1865

Date of Collection:   

  • 1981--1982

Universe:    All rejected recruits from the Union Army, and all recruits mustered into the Union Army.

Data Type(s):    administrative records data

Data Collection Notes:

The accepted Union Army recruits in this file were drawn from a larger collection, UNION ARMY RECRUITS IN WHITE REGIMENTS IN THE UNITED STATES, 1861-1865 (ICPSR 9425).


Sample:    Random sample of all rejected recruits from the Union Army, and a subset of 4,952 cases from a one-stage cluster sampling of white companies in the Union Army. Clusters were companies, with each company having an equal probability of being included.

Data Source:

Civil War medical examination records located in the Navy and Old Army Branch, Record Group #110, National Archives, and Regimental Description Books of the Union Army


Original ICPSR Release:   1995-03-16

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