This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.

Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) 1988 Full Panel Research File (ICPSR 6028)

Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census


This data collection contains basic demographic, social, and economic data for each member of interviewed households in the first six waves of the 1988 Panel of Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP). Variables include age, sex, race, ethnic origin, marital status, household relationship, education, and veteran status. Limited data are provided on housing unit characteristics such as number of units in structure and tenure. Core questions, repeated at each interview, cover monthly labor force activity, types and amounts of monthly income, and participation in various cash and noncash benefits programs for each month of the survey period. Data for employed persons include number of hours and weeks worked, earnings, and weeks without a job. Nonworkers are classified as unemployed or not in the labor force. In addition to income data associated with labor force activity, nearly 50 other types of income data are provided. Several variables are included for use in identifying longitudinal households and persons in them and to aid in analysis.

Series: Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) Series

Access Notes

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.


DS1:  Main Data File - Download All Files (451.426 MB) large file
DS2:  Data Dictionary
No downloadable data files available.

Study Description


U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. SURVEY OF INCOME AND PROGRAM PARTICIPATION (SIPP) 1988 FULL PANEL RESEARCH FILE. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census [producer], 1992. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1993. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06028.v1

Persistent URL: https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06028.v1

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    demographic characteristics, disabilities, economic conditions, families, financial assets, government programs, households, income, income distribution, labor force, participation, poverty programs, public assistance programs, unearned income, unemployment, wages and salaries, wealth, welfare services, working hours

Geographic Coverage:    United States

Time Period:   

  • 1987-10--1989-12

Date of Collection:   

  • 1988-02--1990-01

Universe:    The resident population of the United States 15 years of age or older at the time of the interview, excluding persons living in institutions or military barracks.

Data Type(s):    survey data


Sample:    The survey used a multistage stratified sampling design. Roughly 33,700 persons were initially designated in the sample. For Wave 1 of the 1988 Panel, interviews were obtained from approximately 31,000 occupants of about 11,700 of the designated living quarters. For later interviews, only original sample persons from Wave 1 and persons living with them were eligible to be interviewed. Sample households within the panel were divided into four subsamples of nearly equal size, called rotation groups, and each rotation group was reinterviewed at four-month intervals.

Data Source:

personal interviews

Restrictions: The Census Bureau regards the data on this file as preliminary and not for citation as official estimates. Users are asked to incorporate a Census Bureau disclaimer into any report based on these data. The text of this statement can be found on page 2-2 of the printed codebook.


Original ICPSR Release:   1993-05-13

Related Publications


Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics