National Evaluation of the Fighting Back Program: General Population Surveys, 1995-1999 (ICPSR 3801)

Version Date: Aug 27, 2003 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Leonard Saxe, Brandeis University; Charles Kadushin, Brandeis University; Elizabeth Tighe, Brandeis University; David Rindskopf, City University of New York; Andrew Beveridge, City University of New York

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This study was designed as part of a multi-method assessment of Fighting Back, a community-based drug abuse prevention program funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Fighting Back was implemented in 14 medium-sized, primarily urban communities in 12 states. To assess whether the Fighting Back program led to changes in alcohol and other drug (AOD) patterns and attitudes, the evaluation conducted general population surveys of residents aged 16-44 in 12 Fighting Back program communities and 29 comparison communities. Conducted in three waves -- 1995, 1997, and 1999 -- these surveys constitute the Community Survey (Part 1). To provide comparative national trend data, the National Survey (Part 2) was administered, concurrently with the second and third waves, to a national sample of the non-rural general population aged 16-44 using the same survey instrument as the Community Survey. The strategy for question design was to replicate previously validated questions from national surveys of substance use and dependency, including the National Household Survey of Drug Abuse, the National Comorbidity Study, and the Monitoring the Future study of American youth. Respondents reported their AOD use, their friends' AOD use, their attitudes about AOD use, how their friends felt about AOD use, and their perceptions of drug sales, crime, and other aspects of their neighborhood. In addition, the surveys collected information on volunteerism, crime victimization, health and mental health, knowledge and utilization of AOD treatment services, attendance in drug education courses or lectures in school, and opinions on marijuana legalization. Background variables include sex, race, Hispanic origin, household composition, marital/cohabitation status, education status and achievement, employment status, occupation, religious preference, religiosity, and income.

Saxe, Leonard, Kadushin, Charles, Tighe, Elizabeth, Rindskopf, David, and Beveridge, Andrew. National Evaluation of the Fighting Back Program:  General Population Surveys, 1995-1999. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2003-08-27.

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Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (037368)

As explained in the ICPSR Processing Notes in the codebooks, many variables are restricted from general dissemination for reasons of confidentiality. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete an Agreement for the Use of Confidential Data, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research. Apply for access to these data through the ICPSR restricted data contract portal, which can be accessed via the study home page.

Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
1995 -- 1999

The data maps are provided as ASCII files and the codebooks are provided by ICPSR as Portable Document Format (PDF) files.

Respondents were selected using random-digit dialing.

Community Survey: Persons aged 16-44 living in households within 12 Fighting Back communities and 29 comparison communities. National Survey: Persons aged 16-44 living in non-rural households within the 48 contiguous states.

telephone interviews

survey data


2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Saxe, Leonard, Charles Kadushin, Elizabeth Tighe, David Rindskopf, and Andrew Beveridge. National Evaluation of the Fighting Back Program: General Population Surveys, 1995-1999. ICPSR03801-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2003.


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This study is maintained and distributed by the Health and Medical Care Archive (HMCA). HMCA is the official data archive of the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.