Chitwan Valley Family Study: Labour Outmigration, Agricultural Productivity and Food Security, Nepal, 2015-2017 (ICPSR 36755)

Version Date: Nov 26, 2019 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Dirgha J. Ghimire, University of Michigan. Population Studies Center; William G. Axinn, University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research; Prem B. Bhandari, University of Michigan. Institute for Social Research; Humnath Bhandari, International Rice Research Institute; Rebecca Thornton, University of Michigan. Population Studies Center

Series:

https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36755.v3

Version V3 ()

  • V3 [2019-11-26]
  • V2 [2018-05-10] unpublished
  • V1 [2017-04-27] unpublished
LOAF

The Chitwan Valley [Nepal] Family Study: Labor Outmigration, Agricultural Productivity and Food Security is a three year project with the aim to investigate the consequences of labor outmigration on agricultural productivity in a poor agricultural country persistently facing food security problems. This project's data collection is made up of twenty-five datasets:

Datasets 1-6: The Household Agriculture and Migration Survey includes information on household agricultural practices and remittances received by the household. Face-to-face interviews were conducted to collect data from household members who previously participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study (ICPSR 4538).

Topics of the survey include crop production and farm technology use, wealth, assets, income, consumption, food security and information about each household member currently away from home. The survey also collected information on gender, ethnicity, and age.

Datasets 7-16: Measured yields of major crops grown by farm households that previously participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study (ICPSR 4538).

Dataset 17: A monthly demographic event registry administered to all households that previously participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study (ICPSR 4538).

Datasets 18-23: The Women's Time Use Survey was designed and administered to married, Nepalese women to collect information on changes in their time and involvement in agriculture and other activities. Face-to-face interviews and telephone interviews were conducted to collect data from women who previously participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study (ICPSR 4538).

The collection covered a range of topics including farm work, hygiene, finances, health, and religion. Further, respondents were queried concerning socialization and assisting children and the elderly.

Datasets 24-25: The Women's Time Use Survey was designed and administered to married, Nepalese women to collect information on changes in their time and involvement in agriculture and other activities. Face-to-face interviews and telephone interviews were conducted to collect data from women who previously participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study (ICPSR 4538).

Ghimire, Dirgha J., Axinn, William G., Bhandari, Prem B., Bhandari, Humnath, and Thornton, Rebecca. Chitwan Valley Family Study: Labour Outmigration, Agricultural Productivity and Food Security, Nepal, 2015-2017. Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], UK Data Service [distributor], 2019-11-26. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36755.v3

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Economic and Social Research Council (United Kingdom) (ES/L012065/1)
Asia   Nepal

Country

This data collection may not be used for any purpose other than statistical reporting and analysis. Use of these data to learn the identity of any person or establishment is prohibited. To protect respondent privacy, all data files in this collection are restricted from general dissemination. To obtain these restricted files, researchers must agree to the terms and conditions of a Restricted Data Use Agreement.

Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research, UK Data Service
2015-07-15 -- 2015-12-20 (Household Agriculture and Migration Survey Calendar Data), 2016-03-02 -- 2017-02-21 (Seasonal Agriculture Survey Data Season 1), 2016-01-07 -- 2017-11-01 (Seasonal Agriculture Survey Data Season 2), 2016-01-12 -- 2017-12-01 (Seasonal Agriculture Survey Data Season 3), 2016-01-06 -- 2017-05-07 (Seasonal Agriculture Survey Data Season 4), 2016-03-11 -- 2016-04-03 (Seasonal Agriculture Survey Data Season 5), 2017-02-28 -- 2017-04-04 (Lentil Crop Cutting Survey Data Season 1), 2016-06-13 -- 2016-08-19 (Lentil Crop Cutting Survey Data Season 2), 2017-06-28 -- 2017-08-10 (Maize Crop Cutting Survey Data Season 1), 2016-02-03 -- 2016-03-10 (Maize Crop Cutting Survey Data Season 2), 2017-01-05 -- 2017-03-26 (Mustard Crop Cutting Survey Data Season 1), 2015-10-26 -- 2015-12-03 (Mustard Crop Cutting Survey Data Season 2), 2016-10-20 -- 2016-11-27 (Rice Paddy Crop Cutting Survey Data Season 1), 2016-03-26 -- 2016-04-10 (Rice Paddy Crop Cutting Survey Data Season 2), 2017-03-06 -- 2017-04-10 (Wheat Crop Cutting Survey Data Season 1), 2015-03 -- 2017-01 (Wheat Crop Cutting Survey Data Season 2), 2015-08-23 -- 2017-06-21 (Event Registry Survey Data 2015-2017), 2015-08-23 -- 2015-12-02 (Women's Time Use Survey Data Season 1-5), 2016-01-01 -- 2016-05-08 (Women's Time Use Survey Data Season 1), 2016-05-16 -- 2016-09-22 (Women's Time Use Survey Data Season 2), 2016-09-25 -- 2017-01-29 (Women's Time Use Survey Data Season 3), 2017-03-02 -- 2017-06-21 (Women's Time Use Survey Data Season 4), 2017-02-22 -- 2017-06-21 (Women's Time Use Survey Data Season 5), 2015-07-15 -- 2015-12-20 (Household Agriculture and Migration Survey Restricted-Use Calendar Data), 2015-07-15 -- 2015-12-20 (Household Agriculture and Migration Survey Restricted-Use Survey Data)
2015-07 -- 2015-12 (Household Agriculture and Migration Survey Calendar Data), 2015-09 -- 2016-01 (Seasonal Agriculture Survey Data Season 1), 2016-03 -- 2017-02 (Seasonal Agriculture Survey Data Season 2), 2016-06 -- 2017-07 (Seasonal Agriculture Survey Data Season 3), 2016-10 -- 2017-02 (Seasonal Agriculture Survey Data Season 4), 2017-03 -- 2017-07 (Seasonal Agriculture Survey Data Season 5), 2016 (Lentil Crop Cutting Survey Data Season 1), 2017 (Lentil Crop Cutting Survey Data Season 2), 2016 (Maize Crop Cutting Survey Data Season 1), 2017 (Maize Crop Cutting Survey Data Season 2), 2016 (Mustard Crop Cutting Survey Data Season 1), 2017 (Mustard Crop Cutting Survey Data Season 2), 2015 (Rice Paddy Crop Cutting Survey Data Season 1), 2016 (Rice Paddy Crop Cutting Survey Data Season 2), 2016 (Wheat Crop Cutting Survey Data Season 1), 2017 (Wheat Crop Cutting Survey Data Season 2), 2015-03 -- 2017-01 (Event Registry Survey Data 2015-2017), 2015-08 -- 2017-06 (Women's Time Use Survey Data Season 1-5), 2015-08 -- 2015-12 (Women's Time Use Survey Data Season 1), 2016-01 -- 2016-05 (Women's Time Use Survey Data Season 2), 2016-05 -- 2016-09 (Women's Time Use Survey Data Season 3), 2016-09 -- 2017-01 (Women's Time Use Survey Data Season 4), 2017-03 -- 2017-06 (Women's Time Use Survey Data Season 5), 2015-07 -- 2015-12 (Household Agriculture and Migration Survey Restricted-Use Calendar Data), 2015-07 -- 2015-12 (Household Agriculture and Migration Survey Restricted-Use Survey Data)
This collection incorporates surveys completed by individuals from farming households in the Chitwan Valley Family Study: Changing Social Contexts and Family Formation. Additional information on the Chitwan Valley Family Study can be found on the Chitwan Valley Family Study project Website. More information on this collection can be found on the Labor Outmigration, Agricultural Productivity and Food Security Project Website.

The purpose was to investigate the consequences of labour outmigration on agricultural productivity in a poor agricultural country persistently facing food security problems. We aim to answer three high-priority scientific and policy questions: To what extent (a) Does labour outmigration influence (i) agricultural productivity, (ii) women's participation in farming, and (iii) exit from farming? (b) Do remittances influence (i) farm technology use, (ii) women's participation in farming, and (iii) exit from farming? (c) Do farm technology use and exit from farming influence subsequent outmigration?

The proposed project aims to better understand the relationship between labour outmigration and agriculture, providing crucial information for scientific and policy development of food security concerns.

Dataset 1: Using the Chitwan Valley Family Study (CVFS) surveys and national surveys (Demographic Health Survey and Nepal Living Standard Survey), this survey was designed as a 43-minute Household Agriculture and Migration Survey. This survey includes information on household agricultural practices, including crop production and farm technology use, wealth, assets, income, consumption, food security and information about each household member currently away from home, and remittances received by the household. In addition, an Agriculture and Remittance Calendar was designed to collect retrospective data on farming/non-farming status, crop production, land under cultivation, farm technology use, and migration and remittances from 2006 through July 2015 matching with the agricultural production data collection in 2006. This draft survey was pre-tested in 50 households before data collection was launched.

The first wave of the survey was administered to 2,255 households residing within 151 CVFS sample neighborhoods July 15, 2015 through December 20, 2015. These data are part of the Labour Outmigration, Agricultural Productivity and Food Security project data collection, which also includes the Women's Time Use Survey data. Households that participated include the women surveyed in the related data collection. Data from additional waves of the Household Agriculture and Migration Survey will be deposited after data collection is completed.

Datasets 2-6: Seasonal Agriculture Survey Data from five additional waves of the Household Agriculture and Migration Survey.

Dataset 7-16: To create measures of agricultural productivity, the survey measured yields of major crops grown by farm households. The measures were collected across two seasons in 2015-2017 for lentil, maize, mustard, rice and wheat.

Dataset 17: A monthly demographic event registry was administered to all households residing within the 151 CVFS sample neighborhoods from March 2015 through January 2017. The registry monitored outmigration, births, deaths, marriages, and other population events.

Dataset 18: A merged data file containing all five waves of the Women's Time Use Survey data (Dataset 19-23) was created.

Dataset 19-23: A 16 minute Women's Participation in Farming Survey was designed and administered to women from farm households to collect information on changes in their time and involvement in agriculture and other activities. Survey instruments were used from the International Food Policy Research Institute's modules for the Women's Empowerment in Agriculture Index and Nepal Living Standard Survey (NLSS) as a basis for the Women's Participation in Farming Survey. The instrument was pre-tested to 50 women before finalizing survey content. The Women's Time Use Survey instrument was designed in calendar format to assess the number of hours worked in various household (farming and non-farming) activities in the past 24 hours and the number of days worked in each activity in the past month.

Datasets 24-25: These data are the restricted-use version of Dataset 1, which only includes the public-use calendar data. The restricted-use contains both the survey and calendar data.

Dataset 1: The sample was composed of 2,255 households residing within 151 Chitwan Valley Family Study sample neighborhoods.

Dataset 2: The sample was composed of 2,208 households from the Season 1 Agriculture Survey.

Dataset 3: The sample was composed of 2,196 households from the Season 2 Agriculture Survey.

Dataset 4: The sample was composed of 2,187 households from the Season 3 Agriculture Survey.

Dataset 5: The sample was composed of 2,185 households from the Season 4 Agriculture Survey.

Dataset 6: The sample was composed of 2,173 households from the Season 5 Agriculture Survey.

Dataset 7: The sample was composed of 149 farm households that had measured yields of lentil grown from Season 1 previously participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study

Dataset 8: The sample was composed of 187 farm households that had measured yields of lentil grown from Season 2 that previously participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study

Dataset 9: The sample was composed of 241 farm households that had measured yields of maize grown from Season 1 that previously participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study

Dataset 10: The sample was composed of 217 farm households that had measured yields of maize grown from Season 2 that previously participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study

Dataset 11: The sample was composed of 196 farm households that had measured yields of mustard grown from Season 1 that previously participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study

Dataset 12: The sample was composed of 266 farm households that had measured yields of mustard grown from Season 2 that previously participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study

Dataset 13: The sample was composed of 524 farm households that had measured yields of rice paddy grown from Season 1 that previously participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study

Dataset 14: The sample was composed of 485 farm households that had measured yields of rice paddy grown from Season 2 that previously participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study

Dataset 15: The sample was composed of 114 farm households that had measured yields of wheat crop grown from Season 1 that previously participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study

Dataset 16: The sample was composed of 142 farm households that had measured yields of wheat crop grown from Season 2 that previously participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study

Dataset 17: The sample was composed of a monthly demographic event registry administered to all households that previously participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study.

Dataset 18: The Seasons 1-5 Women's Participation in Farming Survey was administered to 12,105 Nepalese women from farm households who participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study.

Dataset 19: The Season 1 Women's Participation in Farming Survey was administered to 2,421 Nepalese women from farm households who participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study.

Dataset 20: The Season 2 Women's Participation in Farming Survey was administered to 2,279 Nepalese women from farm households who participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study.

Dataset 21: The Season 3 Women's Participation in Farming Survey was administered to 2,223 Nepalese women from farm households who participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study.

Dataset 22: The Season 4 Women's Participation in Farming Survey was administered to 2,215 Nepalese women from farm households who participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study.

Dataset 23: The Season 5 Women's Participation in Farming Survey was administered to 2,212 Nepalese women from farm households who participated in the Chitwan Valley Family Study.

Dataset 24: The sample was composed of 2,255 households residing within 151 Chitwan Valley Family Study sample neighborhoods.

Dataset 25: The sample was composed of 2,255 households residing within 151 Chitwan Valley Family Study sample neighborhoods.

Longitudinal: Panel, Time Series: Discrete

Household Agriculture and Migration Survey Calendar Data: Individuals 18 years and older who are from a farming household.

Women's Time Use Survey Data Season 1: Married women, 18 years and older, who are from a farming household.

Dataset 18-23: Individual, Dataset 1-25: Household

Dataset 1: 98.20%

Dataset 2: 99.70%

Dataset 3: 99.20%

Dataset 4-6: 99.00%

Dataset 7-17: 97.00%

Dataset 18: 95.78% (Average of Women's Time Use Survey Data Season 1 through 5)

Dataset 19: 98.50%

Dataset 20: 95.30%

Dataset 21: 94.70%

Dataset 22: 95.30%

Dataset 23: 95.10%

Dataset 24: 98.20%

Dataset 25: 98.20%

2017-04-27

2019-11-26 Data and documentation for twenty-one public-use datasets and two-restricted use datasets were added. In addition, Dataset 2 (formerly Women's Time Use Survey Data) has been changed to Dataset 19 (Women's Time Use Survey Data Season 1).

2018-05-10 Collection was updated to add online analysis capabilities.

2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Ghimire, Dirgha J., William G. Axinn, Prem B. Bhandari, Humnath Bhandari, and Rebecca Thornton. Chitwan Valley Family Study: Labour Outmigration, Agricultural Productivity and Food Security, Nepal, 2015-2017. ICPSR36755-v3. Colchester, England: UK Data Service/Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributors], 2019-11-26. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR36755.v3

2017-04-27 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Standardized missing values.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

  • One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions. Restricted data files are not available for direct download from the website; click on the Restricted Data button to learn more.