Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Health Screen, Wave 1, 1994-1997 (ICPSR 13593)

Published: Sep 27, 2007 View help for published

Principal Investigator(s): View help for Principal Investigator(s)
Felton J. Earls, Harvard Medical School; Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Scientific Director. Columbia University. Teacher's College. Center for the Study of Children and Families; Stephen W. Raudenbush, Scientific Director. University of Michigan. School of Education and Survey Research Center; Robert J. Sampson, Scientific Director. Harvard University. Department of Sociology

Series:

https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR13593.v2

Version V2

The Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) was a large-scale, interdisciplinary study of how families, schools, and neighborhoods affect child and adolescent development. One component of the PHDCN was the Longitudinal Cohort Study, which was a series of coordinated longitudinal studies that followed over 6,000 randomly selected children, adolescents, and young adults, and their primary caregivers over time to examine the changing circumstances of their lives, as well as the personal characteristics, that might lead them toward or away from a variety of antisocial behaviors. Numerous measures were administered to respondents to gauge various aspects of human development, including individual differences, as well as family, peer, and school influences. One such measure was the Health Screen, used to obtain the general health condition of the subjects, the frequency with which they were not in good physical or mental health, and if this prevented them from doing usual activities, such as playing.

Earls, Felton J., Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne, Raudenbush, Stephen W., and Sampson, Robert J. Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Health Screen, Wave 1, 1994-1997. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2007-09-27. https://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR13593.v2

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John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Child Care Bureau, Harris Foundation, United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families. Head Start Bureau, United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (93-IJ-CX-K005), United States Department of Health and Human Services. National Institutes of Health. National Institute of Mental Health, United States Department of Education. Office of Educational Research and Improvement, Turner Foundation

Access to these data is restricted. Users interested in obtaining these data must complete a Restricted Data Use Agreement, specify the reasons for the request, and obtain IRB approval or notice of exemption for their research.

Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
1994 -- 1997
1994 -- 1997

(1) The Murray Research Center conducted the initial data and documentation processing for this collection. (2) At present, only a restricted version of the data is available (see RESTRICTIONS field). A downloadable version of the data is slated to be available in the near future.

Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods

The Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN) was a large-scale, interdisciplinary study of how families, schools, and neighborhoods affect child and adolescent development. It was designed to advance the understanding of the developmental pathways of both positive and negative human social behaviors. In particular, the project examined the causes and pathways of juvenile delinquency, adult crime, substance abuse, and violence. At the same time, the project provided a detailed look at the environments in which these social behaviors took place by collecting substantial amounts of data about urban Chicago, including its people, institutions, and resources.

Longitudinal Cohort Study

One component of the PHDCN was the Longitudinal Cohort Study, which was a series of coordinated longitudinal studies that followed over 6,000 randomly selected children, adolescents, and young adults, and their primary caregivers over time to examine the changing circumstances of their lives, as well as the personal characteristics, that might lead them toward or away from a variety of antisocial behaviors. The age cohorts include birth (0), 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 years. Numerous measures were administered to respondents to gauge various aspects of human development, including individual differences, as well as family, peer, and school influences.

Health Screen

The data in this collection are from Wave 1 of the Longitudinal Cohort Study, administered between 1994 and 1997. In order to report on general characteristics of the subject's mental and physical health, the Health Screen was administered.

Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods

The city of Chicago was selected as the research site for the PHDCN because of its extensive racial, ethnic, and social-class diversity. The project collapsed 847 census tracts in the city of Chicago into 343 neighborhood clusters (NCs) based upon seven groupings of racial/ethnic composition and three levels of socioeconomic status. The NCs were designed to be ecologically meaningful. They were composed of geographically contiguous census tracts, and geographic boundaries and knowledge of Chicago's neighborhoods were considered in the definition of the NCs. Each NC was comprised of approximately 8,000 people.

Longitudinal Cohort Study

For the Longitudinal Cohort Study, a stratified probability sample of 80 neighborhoods was selected. The 80 NCs were sampled from the 21 strata (seven racial/ethnic groups by three socioeconomic levels) with the goal of representing the 21 cells as equally as possible to eliminate the confounding between racial/ethnic mix and socioeconomic status. Once the 80 NCs were chosen, then block groups were selected at random within each of the sample neighborhoods. A complete listing of dwelling units was collected for all sampled block groups. Pregnant women, children, and young adults in seven age cohorts (birth, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, and 18 years) were identified through in-person screening of approximately 40,000 dwelling units within the 80 NCs. The screening response rate was 80 percent. Children within six months of the birthday that qualified them for the sample were selected for inclusion in the Longitudinal Cohort Study. A total of 8,347 participants were identified through the screening. Of the eligible study participants, 6,228 were interviewed.

For all cohorts except 0 and 18, primary caregivers as well as the child were interviewed. The primary caregiver was the person found to spend the most time taking care of the child. Separate research assistants administered the primary caregiver interviews and the child interviews. The primary method of data collection was face-to-face interviewing, although participants who refused to complete the personal interview were administered a phone interview. Interviews were conducted in Spanish, English, and Polish. In Wave 1 the complete protocol was translated into Spanish and Polish. An interpreter was hired for participants who spoke a language other than English, Spanish, or Polish. Depending on the age and wave of data collection, participants were paid between $5 and $20 per interview. Other incentives, such as free passes to museums, the aquarium, and monthly drawing prizes were also included.

Interview protocols included a wide range of questions. For example, some questions assessed impulse control and sensation-seeking traits, cognitive and language development, leisure activities, delinquency and substance abuse, friends' activities, and self-perception, attitudes, and values. Caregivers were also interviewed about family structure, parent characteristics, parent-child relationships, parent discipline styles, family mental health, and family history of criminal behavior and drug use.

Health Screen

Completed between 1994 and 1997, the Health Screen instrument was administered to either the primary caregivers of subjects belonging to Cohorts 3 and 6, or to the subjects belonging to Cohorts 9, 12, 15, and 18 of the PHDCN Longitudinal Cohort Study. The instrument obtained information regarding the general health condition of the subject (rated as excellent, very good, good, fair, or poor), the frequency with which the subject was not in good physical or mental health (which included stress, depression, or other problems with emotions) within the past 30 days, and if the poor physical or mental health condition prevented the subject from doing usual activities, such as work, self-care, or recreation/playing.

Stratified probability sample.

Children, adolescents, young adults, and their primary caregivers, living in the city of Chicago in 1994.

individual
survey data

In addition to the variables containing the responses to the Health Screen instrument, the data contain administrative variables that record identification numbers for respondents and interviewers, cohort, and wave number, as well as the time and date each interview was completed.

The overall response rate for Wave 1 of the Longitudinal Cohort Study was 75 percent or 6,228 participants. The response rates by cohort were:

  1. 76.2 percent (1,269) for Cohort 0
  2. 76.6 percent (1,003) for Cohort 3
  3. 75.0 percent (980) for Cohort 6
  4. 75.9 percent (828) for Cohort 9
  5. 74.3 percent (820) for Cohort 12
  6. 71.6 percent (696) for Cohort 15
  7. 70.3 percent (632) for Cohort 18

none

2005-07-22

2007-09-27

2018-02-15 The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. The previous citation was:
  • Earls, Felton J., Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Stephen W. Raudenbush, and Robert J. Sampson. Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods (PHDCN): Health Screen, Wave 1, 1994-1997. ICPSR13593-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2007-09-27. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR13593.v2

2007-09-27 The Wave 1 Questionnaire file has been added.

2005-07-22 ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created online analysis version with question text.
  • Performed recodes and/or calculated derived variables.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Notes

  • The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.

  • One or more files in this data collection have special restrictions. Restricted data files are not available for direct download from the website; click on the Restricted Data button to learn more.

  • The citation of this study may have changed due to the new version control system that has been implemented. Please see version history for more details.
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This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.