ACTIVE (Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly), 1999-2001 [United States] (ICPSR 4248)
Principal Investigator(s): Tennstedt, Sharon, New England Research Institutes; Morris, John, Hebrew Senior Life-Boston; Unverzagt, Frederick, Indiana University; Rebok, George, Johns Hopkins University; Willis, Sherry, Pennsylvania State University; Ball, Karlene, University of Alabama-Birmingham; Marsiske, Michael, University of Florida
ACTIVE (Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly), 1999-2001 [United States] was a multisite randomized controlled trial conducted at six field sites with New England Research Institutes (NERI) as the coordinating center. The field sites included the University of Alabama at Birmingham, Hebrew Rehabilitation Center for the Aged in Boston, Indiana University, Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Pennsylvania State University, and the University of Florida/Wayne State University (Detroit). The primary aim of the trial was to test the effects of three distinct cognitive interventions -- previously found to be successful in improving elders' performance on basic measures of cognition under laboratory or small-scale field conditions -- on measures of cognitively demanding daily activities. Trainings consisted of an initial series of ten group sessions followed by four-session booster trainings at one and three years. The three cognitive interventions focused on memory, executive reasoning, and speed of processing. The design included a no-contact control group. Participants were assessed at baseline, immediately after training, and annually thereafter. A total of 2,832 older adults were enrolled in the trial, and 2,802 were included in the analytical sample. Twenty-six percent of the participants were African American.