Party Identification

Party identification was measured in this survey by a two-part question. First, respondents were asked whether they considered themselves to be a Democrat, a Republican, or an independent. Those who responded that they considered themselves to be a Democrat or a Republican were asked whether they considered themselves to be a strong or a weak Democrat or Republican. Those who responded that they considered themselves to be an independent were asked whether they leaned toward one party or not. This yields a sevenfold classification:

  • Strong Democrats
  • Weak Democrats
  • Independents closer to the Democrats (Independent Democrats)
  • Independents not closer to either party
  • Independents closer to the Republicans (Independent Republicans)
  • Weak Republicans
  • Strong Republicans.

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