Exercise 10. Approval of Bush's performance and presidential vote

  1. Voting for president often is strongly influenced by assessments of how the incumbent president has performed. This is especially true when the incumbent president is running for reelection. In the 2004 presidential election, Bush's performance regarding the war in Iraq was considered to be an important factor. To examine how assessments of Bush's performance regarding Iraq was related to the vote, generate a table that shows the relationship between this orientation (V056) and presidential vote. For the reasons suggested in Exercise 1, you should use the recoded version of V002 that you created for that exercise, so that you examine only the major-party vote (i.e., only the Bush and Kerry voters).

  2. Assessments of Bush's handling of the economy also were considered to be an important factor in the 2004 presidential election, a point discussed in Exercise 3. To examine how assessments of Bush's performance in handling the nation's economy was related to the vote, generate a table that shows the relationship between this orientation (V058) and presidential vote. For the reasons suggested in Exercise 1, you should use the recoded version of V002 that you created for that exercise, so that you examine only the major-party vote (i.e., only the Bush and Kerry voters).

  3. Tables 10A and 10B each indicate that assessments of Bush's performance regarding both the economy and the war in Iraq were related to the vote. We can further analyze this question by examining the joint effect of these two assessments. Before generating a three-variable table that shows how the vote was related to both of these variables, recode both V056 and V058 so that they have only two categories each (approve and disapprove). This will make the three variable table easier to interpret and will ensure that there is a sufficient number of respondents in each cateory. In this case, it does not matter whether the recoded version of V056 is treated as the independent variable and the recoded version of V058 is the control variable or the reverse.

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