Questions about Table 3B
If you ran Table 3B as suggested, you should have a table that consists of two subtables. Each subtable should have three columns and two rows. Both subtables should have a recoded version of personal financial situation (the independent variable) on the top of the table (the column variable), and the two-party presidential vote (the dependent variable) on the side of the table (the row variable). Percentages should be calculated by column (i.e., they should sum to 100% for each column). There should be one subtable for those who approved of Bush's handing of the economy and one for those who disapproved. In reading your subtables, take care to properly interpret the percentages, remembering that they are column percentages, not row percentages.
You should be able to answer these questions to see if you are able to understand the data and the table. Your instructor may want you to write down your answers. Otherwise, it is sufficient to answer them in your mind. If you are unable to answer a question, you should ask your instructor for the answer and an explanation.
For those who approved of Bush's handing of the economy, is there a relationship between how the voter felt about his or her personal financial situation and which presidential candidate the voter voted for? How strong is this relationship?
For those who disapproved of Bush's handing of the economy, is there a relationship between how the voter felt about his or her personal financial situation and which presidential candidate the voter voted for? How strong is this relationship?
How do the relationships within each of the two subtables compare to the original relationship that you examined? What interpretation do you have for the difference between the original two-variable relationship and what you find in the three-variable table?
Suggested additional analysis: Generate a table that shows the relationship between the voter's personal financial situation and his or her assessment of Bush's handling of the economy (think about which should be the independent variable and which should be the dependent variable). Does this table help you understand the relationships among the three variables in this exercise?