Gender and Occupation: A Data-Driven Learning Guide Go to Resource


The term sex is typically used to refer to a person's biological maleness or femaleness, whereas gender refers to the psychological, social, and cultural aspects of masculinity or femininity.

A large increase in women's labor force participation has occurred since World War II in the United States. Despite gains women have made, significant gender differences in occupational attainment remain. Women tend to be concentrated in office and administrative support and service occupations. In comparison, men tend to be concentrated in "blue collar" jobs, including skilled production, craft and repair work as well semi-skilled and unskilled manual jobs. Studies have found that women and men are equally likely to work in sales occupations.

The goal of this exercise is to explore gender differences in occupation. Summary statistics, including the mean, median, mode, and standard deviation will be used.

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Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research
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