Photo of Susan Hautaniemi LeonardSusan Hautaniemi Leonard

Associate Research Scientist, Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research;
Research Affiliate, Population Studies Center

Brief Biography

Dr. Leonard's work focuses on the relationship between human populations and their environments. Her research interests include historical epidemiology and mortality in emergent industrial cities of the Northeast United States; household dynamic and farming practices in grasslands settlement; aging, migration, isolation and settlement dynamics in the US Great Plains; and cross-cultural experience of human female reproductive senescence.

Recent Publications

Journal Articles

Sylvester, Kenneth Michael, Daniel G. Brown, Susan H. Leonard, Emily R. Merchant and Meghan Hutchins (2014) "Exploring agent-level calculations of risk and returns in relation to observed land-use changes in the US Great Plains, 1870-1940." Regional Environmental Change 14(1). DOI: 10.1007/s10113-014-0628-6

Leonard, Susan Hautaniemi, Jeffrey K. Beemer and Douglas L. Anderton, "Immigration, Wealth and the 'Mortality Plateau' in Emergent Urban-Industrial Cities of Nineteenth-Century Massachusetts." Continuity and Change, 27(3):433-459. 2012. NIHMSID 430114. DOI:

Alter, George C., Myron Gutmann, Susan Hautaniemi Leonard, and Emily Merchant. 2012. "Introduction: Longitudinal Analysis of Historical-Demographic Data." Journal of Interdisciplinary History, 42(4): 503-517. DOI:

Rudzik, Alanna E.F., Susan H. Leonard and Lynnette L. Sievert, "Determinants of Tubal Ligation in Puebla, Mexico." Women & Health 51:365-382. 2011. PMID 21707339. DOI:

Leonard, Susan Hautaniemi, Myron P. Gutmann and Glenn D. Deane, "Household and Farm Transitions in Environmental Context." Population and Environment, 32(4):287-317. 2011. PMID 21643468. DOI:

Leonard, Susan Hautaniemi and Myron P. Gutmann. "Land use and transfer plans in the U.S. Great Plains." Great Plains Research. 16(2): 181-193. 2006.

Sylvester, Kenneth M., Susan Hautaniemi Leonard, Myron P. Gutmann and Geoff Cunfer. "Demography and Environment in Grassland Settlement: Using Linked Longitudinal and Cross-Sectional Data to Explore Household and Agricultural Systems." History and Computing 14, no. 1+2 (2002, publ. 2006): 31-60.

Beemer, Jeffrey K., Susan Hautaniemi Leonard. "Sewers in the city: a case study of individual-level mortality and public health initiatives in Northampton, Massachusetts at the turn of the century." Journal of the History of Medicine and the Allied Sciences, 28(1): 42-72. 2005.

Hautaniemi Leonard, Susan and Myron P. Gutmann. "Isolated Elderly in the U.S. Great Plains. The Roles of Environment and Demography in Creating a Vulnerable Population," Annales de Démographie Historique 2005 no. 2 p. 81-108.

Anderton, D.L., Susan Hautaniemi Leonard. "Grammars of Death - an Analysis of Nineteenth-Century Literal Causes of Death From the Age of Miasmas to Germ Theory." Social Science History, 28 (1): 111-143. 2004.

Sievert, Lynette Leidy, Susan Hautaniemi Leonard. "Age at menopause in Puebla, Mexico." Human Biology, 75(2): 205-226. 2003.

Leonard, Susan Hautaniemi, Lynnette Leidy Sievert. "Risk factors for hysterectomy among Mexican American women in the US Southwest." American Journal of Human Biology, 15: 38-47. 2003.


Leonard, Susan Hautaniemi, Myron P. Gutmann, Glenn D. Deane and Kenneth M. Sylvester. "Drought and the Lifecycle/Landuse Trajectory in Agricultural Households." In Demographic Responses to Economic and Environmental Crises, Proceedings of the IUSSP Seminar May 21-23, 2009, Reitaku University, Satomi Kuroso, Tommy Bengtsson and Cameron Campbell, eds. Reitaku University: Kashiwa, Japan. 2010.

Leonard, Susan Hautaniemi, Deborah L. Rotman. "To the Hogs? Or to the House? Municipal Water and Gender Relations." In Shared Spaces and Divided Places: Exploring the Material and Spatial Dimensions of Gender Relations and American Historical Landscapes, Deborah L. Rotman and Ellen R. Savulis, eds. Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press. 2003.