OSTP Glossary of Terms

Anonymized data
Data about individuals that does not reveal the identity of any of the individuals, and cannot be linked to other data that would reveal the identity of individuals. — Cornell University: Glossary of data management terms
Data archive
A data archive is a site where machine-readable materials are stored, preserved, and possibly redistributed to individuals interested in using the materials.— ICPSR: Glossary of Social Science Terms
Data integrity
The completeness, accuracy and freedom from error of a data set. — University of Bristol: Research Data Management Glossary
Data management plan
A data management plan is a document that specifies your plans for managing your data and files for a research project. This includes such details as naming and folder conventions, storage space, security and back-up, how you will work with others and share files, and what you will do with the files over the medium or long term. Increasingly funders are requiring some sort of data management plan at the funding application stage or once a grant is funded. — Cambridge University Library: Data management glossary
Data repository
A digital data center that supports the preservation, discovery, use, reuse, and manipulation of scientific data objects supporting published research. It often provides added value to data through quality assurance and metadata enhancement, and has an operational model based on data harmonization into a common schema. — University of Minnesota: Glossary of Data Related Terms
Digital curation
"Digital curation is all about maintaining and adding value to a trusted body of digital information for future and current use; specifically, the active management and appraisal of data over the entire life cycle. Digital curation builds upon the underlying concepts of digital preservation whilst emphasizing opportunities for added value and knowledge through annotation and continuing resource management. Preservation is a curation activity, although both are concerned with managing digital resources with no significant (or only controlled) changes over time." (JISC) Digital curation is a fairly new term. Curation of social science research data has always been the mission and purpose of ICPSR, if not the term used to described what we do. ICPSR is formalizing its data stewardship services at the University of Michigan and for member institutions. — ICPSR: Glossary of Social Science Terms
Digital preservation
A term that encompasses all of the activities required to ensure that the digital content designated for long-term preservation is maintained in usable formats, for as long as access to that content is needed or desired, and can be made available in meaningful ways to current and future users. — ICPSR: Glossary of Social Science Terms
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
A name which provides a means of persistently identifying a piece of intellectual property (e.g. article) on a digital network and associating it with related current data in a structured extensible way. Metadata about the object is stored in association with the DOI name and this metadata may include a location, such as a URL, where the object can be found. — Cambridge University Library: Data management glossary
Intellectual Property Rights
This refers to the legal rights that individuals and institutions have over intellectual property, determining who can copy, distribute, adapt, use, or make a profit off of it. Common types of intellectual property rights are copyright and patents. — Cambridge University Library: Data management glossary
Interoperability
The ability of diverse systems, content and organisations to work together. — University of Bristol: Research Data Management Glossary
Embargo
A period during which access to research data is not allowed to certain types of users. This is either to protect the revenue of the publisher or (more generally) to protect the interests of other parties (for example, partner research organizations). — University of Bristol: Research Data Management Glossary
Metadata
A term that refers to structured data about data. Metadata is an old concept (e.g., card catalogs and indexes), but metadata is often essential for digital content to be useful and meaningful. Metadata can capture general or specific information about digital content that may define administrative, technical, or structural characteristics of the digital content. — ICPSR: Glossary of Social Science Terms
Research data
The digital recorded factual material commonly accepted in the scientific community as necessary to validate research findings including data sets used to support scholarly publications, but does not include laboratory notebooks, preliminary analyses, drafts of scientific papers, plans for future research, peer review reports, communications with colleagues, or physical objects, such as laboratory specimens — Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded Research memo
Restricted access data
Data which are made available under stringent, secure conditions. Typically confidential or sensitive data. — Cornell University: Glossary of data management terms

Other resources:

  • ICPSR: Glossary of Social Science Terms
  • Cambridge University Library: Data management glossary
  • Cornell University: Glossary of data management terms
  • Data.gov: Glossary of Terms
  • Digital Curation Centre: Glossary
  • University of Bristol: Research Data Management Glossary
  • University of Minnesota: Glossary of Data Related Terms
  • University of Oxford Bodleian Libraries: Data glossary
  • Found a problem? Use our Report Problem form to let us know.