The Source for Crime and Justice Data

Federal Justice Statistics Program Resource Guide

About the Federal Justice Statistics Program

The Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) provides comprehensive information on suspects and defendants processed in the federal criminal justice system. Federal agencies provide extracts from their case management systems, which cover various stages of criminal case processing:

The Urban Institute, with sponsorship from BJS, uses these extracts to create Standard Analysis Files (SAFs) for each agency. These SAF data files represent annual cohorts of defendant-cases processed by a single agency within the federal criminal justice system.

BJS sponsors both the Urban Institute and the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD). The Urban Institute processes the source data and creates recoded variables suitable for analysis, establishes offense categories that are common across SAFs, and removes information that could identify any individual defendant. The defendant-case, which is the standard unit of observation in all SAFs, is a combination of a defendant, which may be either a person or a corporation, and a matter or case. For example, if a single defendant is involved in three different criminal cases during a specified fiscal year, that individual appears three times (i.e., as three records) in a SAF. Similarly, if a single case involves five defendants, that case appears five times (i.e., as five records) in a SAF. Each SAF is one of three types of cohorts - incoming defendant-cases, outgoing (or "terminating") defendant-cases, and defendant-cases pending at the end of the fiscal year. The universe of each SAF spans one federal fiscal year, October 1 through September 30. NACJD archives and distributes the SAFs.

Federal Justice Statistics Program Agencies and Data

Five federal criminal justice agencies contribute data to the Federal Justice Statistics Program. These agencies and the SAFs associated with them are listed below.

United States Marshals Service (USMS)

The Prisoner Tracking System contains data on all suspects who were arrested for federal offenses and booked by the USMS.

Federal Justice Statistics Program: Arrests and Bookings for Federal Offenses, ... [United States]
Years available: 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Executive Office for United States Attorneys (EOUSA)

The Central System File contains information on the investigation and prosecution of suspects in criminal matters received and concluded by US Attorneys, while the Central Charge File contains information on criminal cases filed and terminated by US Attorneys.

Federal Justice Statistics Program: Defendants Charged in Criminal Cases Filed in District Court, ... [United States]
Years available: 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Federal Justice Statistics Program: Defendants in Federal Criminal Cases -- Terminated, ... [United States]
Years available: 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Federal Justice Statistics Program: Charges Filed Against Defendants in Criminal Cases in District Court, ... [United States]
Years available: 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Federal Justice Statistics Program: Charges Filed Against Defendants in Criminal Cases in District Court -- Terminated, ... [United States]
Years available: 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Federal Justice Statistics Program: Suspects in Federal Criminal Matters, ... [United States]
Years available: 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Federal Justice Statistics Program: Suspects in Federal Criminal Matters Concluded, ... [United States]
Years available: 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Administrative Office of the United States Courts (AOUSC)

The Criminal Master File contains information about the criminal proceedings against defendants whose cases were filed in US district courts. This file includes information on cases involving felonies, Class A misdemeanors, and lesser misdemeanors that were handled by US district judges. The information in the data file covers criminal proceedings from case filing through disposition and sentencing. The AOUSC Courts of Appeals file contains docket information on criminal appeals filed and terminated in the US courts of appeals. Records of appeals filed, pending, or terminated include information on the nature of the criminal appeal, the underlying offense, and the disposition of the appeal.

Federal Justice Statistics Program: Defendants in Federal Criminal Cases Filed in District Court, ... [United States]
Years available: 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Federal Justice Statistics Program: Defendants in Federal Criminal Cases Filed in District Court -- Terminated, ... [United States]
Years available: 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Federal Justice Statistics Program: Defendants in Federal Criminal Cases Filed in District Court -- Pending, ... [United States]
Years available: 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

[Note -- Federal Justice Statistics Program: Criminal Appeals Cases Filed in Courts of Appeals, no updates]

Federal Justice Statistics Program: Criminal Appeals Cases Filed in Courts of Appeals, ... [United States]
Years available: 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006

Federal Justice Statistics Program: Criminal Appeals Cases Filed in Courts of Appeals -- Terminated, ... [United States]
Years available: 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2009 2010

United States Sentencing Commission (USSC)

The Monitoring Data Base contains information on criminal defenders sentenced pursuant to the provisions of the Sentencing Reform Act (SRA) of 1984 whose records have been obtained by the USSC.

Federal Justice Statistics Program: Guideline Computations for Defendants Sentenced Under the Sentencing Reform Act, ... [United States]
Years available: 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009

Federal Justice Statistics Program: Defendants Sentenced Under the Sentencing Reform Act, ... [United States]
Years available: 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Federal Justice Statistics Program: Statutes for Counts of Conviction for Defendants Sentenced Under the Sentencing Reform Act, ... [United States]
Years available: 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Bureau of Prisons (BOP)

This data file contains information on all sentenced offenders admitted into, or released from, federal prison during a fiscal year, as well as offenders in federal prison at the end of each fiscal year.

Federal Justice Statistics Program: Offenders Admitted to Prison, ... [United States]
Years available: 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Federal Justice Statistics Program: Offenders Released From Prison, ... [United States]
Years available: 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Federal Justice Statistics Program: Offenders in Prison at Year-End, ... [United States]
Years available: 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010

Paired-Agency Linked Files

The paired-agency linked files contain matched-agency pairs (or "dyads"), which permit the linking of records from two different source agencies for adjacent stages of federal case processing.

Federal Justice Statistics Program: Paired-Agency Linked Files
Years available: Cumulative 1994-2009 2010

User Support

Questions regarding the Federal Justice Statistics Program should be directed to the Bureau of Justice Statistics: askbjs@ojp.usdoj.gov