About Us

About the Project

The China Multi-Generational Panel Dataset - Liaoning (CMGPD-LN) has 1.5 million triennial observations of more than 260,000 residents from approximately 698 communities in the northeast Chinese province of Liaoning between 1749 and 1909. The data provide socioeconomic, demographic, and other characteristics for individuals, households, and communities, and record demographic outcomes such as marriage, reproduction and death. The data also record specific disabilities for a subset of adult males. Through record linkage, paternal pedigrees may be reconstructed as far back as seven generations, and kin living outside the household may be identified. Recording of community of residence allows for spatial analysis via GIS techniques. The CMGPD-LN is unique among publicly available population databases because of its time span, volume, detail, and completeness of recording, including inter-community and inter-regional migration within much of Liaoning, and because it provides longitudinal data not just on individuals, but on their households, descent groups, and communities for as many as seven generations. Possible applications of the dataset include the study of relationships between demographic behavior, family organization, and socioeconomic status across the life course and across generations, the influence of region and community on demographic outcomes, and development and assessment of quantitative methods for the analysis of complex longitudinal datasets.

About the Researchers

photo of Cameron Campbell Cameron Campbell is Professor of Sociology at UCLA. He received his BS from Caltech, his MA and PhD from the University of Pennsylvania and was an NICHD postdoc at the University of Michigan Population Studies Center. His research focuses on the relationships between social organization, family decision-making, and demographic behavior. He has published extensively on family and population in eighteenth and nineteenth century northeast China, most notably the book Fate and Fortune in Rural China with James Lee. Recently he has published papers on ethnic identity and social mobility, and presented work on disability. He is also a participant in the Eurasia project, an international collaboration that compares relationships between economic conditions, household organization, and demographic behavior for a variety of historical European and Asian communities. He is co-author of a volume from this effort, Life Under Pressure, published by MIT Press, that examines how household responses to economic stress were reflected in mortality patterns. With James Lee, he is currently working on a study of changes in family and kinship in northeast China from the seventeenth century to the present.

photo of Shuang Chen Shuang Chen is Assistant Professor of History at the University of Iowa. She received her BA and MA in History from Peking University and her PhD in History from the University of Michigan. She joined the University of Iowa in August 2010, after spending a year as a post-doctoral research fellow at ICPSR on the CMGPD-LN project. Professor Chen specializes in the social, economic, and political history of late imperial and modern China. Her research interests include ethnicity, frontier settlement, population behavior, and social stratification. As a member of the Lee-Campbell research group, she has worked closely with James Lee and Cameron Campbell on the analysis of historical demographic and socioeconomic data drawn from population and land registers. Currently, she is working on a book manuscript on interactions between wealth stratification, demographic processes, and institutional context that is based on her PhD dissertation and examines the settlement history and the subsequent evolution of inequality in land ownership in Shuangcheng County, Heilongjiang, in the nineteenth and early twentieth century.

photo of James Lee James Z. Lee (1952 -) is Dean of the School of Humanities and Social Sciences at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Faculty Associate at the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research at the University of Michigan, and Changjiang Scholar in Sociology at Peking University. A practitioner of social scientific history, the application of quantitative social science methods on historical data, he and his colleagues in the Lee-Campbell Research Group link historical and contemporary archival sources, social surveys, genealogies, inscriptions, and oral histories to create large individual level panel data sets extending from late imperial to contemporary China. Their research emphasize how despite recent profound political, social, and economic changes, many distinctive institutions and patterns of demographic behavior, stratification, and social mobility persist from China's imperial past.

Professor Lee's published work includes six authored or co-authored books, five co-edited books, and fifty articles focused largely on the demography, ethnicity, fiscal and frontier history of late imperial China, as well as on the social organization, and social mobility of late imperial and contemporary China. He has recently extended his area of research from historical China to the comparative demography and sociology of other East Asian and West European populations in the past and China and Zambia in the present. A John Simon Guggenheim Fellow (2004), he is also a recipient of the Social Science History Association's Allan Sharlin Award for Best Book in Social Science History (2000), and two American Sociological Association section best book awards, the Otis Dudley Duncan Award for Distinguished Scholarship in Social Demography from the Population Section (2000) and the Outstanding Book on Asia published in 2003 and 2004 from the Asia and Asian America Section (2005). His book, La population chinoise. Mythes et réalités (Presses de l'Université de Montréal, 2006) was a finalist for the 2007 Prix Jean-Charles-Falardeau for best French-language book in the Social Sciences from The Canadian Federation for the Humanities and Social Sciences. His latest book, Prudence and Pressure: Reproduction and Human Agency in Europe and Asia, 1700-1900 was just published by MIT Press in 2010.

Susan Hautaniemi Leonard is an Assistant Research Scientist at the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research as well as a Research Affiliate with the Population Studies Center, University of Michigan. Dr. Leonard's work focuses on the relationship between human populations and their environments. Her research interests include historical epidemiology and mortality in emergent industrial areas; and household dynamics, farming practices and population dynamics in grasslands settlement.


The photographs that appear on this site were taken during visits to Liaoning by Lee, Campbell and other members of their team.

Found a problem? Use our Report Problem form to let us know.