Log In/Create Account

Gambling Impact and Behavior Study, 1997-1999: [United States] (ICPSR 2778)

Alternate Title:  GIBS, 1997-1999

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

The Gambling Impact and Behavior Study investigates the gambling behavior and attitudes of adults and youth in America, and also estimates the effects of gambling facilities on a variety of local economic and social indicators. Respondents were randomly selected by a national random-digit dial (RDD) through a stratified design by state lottery status and distances to major casino. The study includes three independent, unlinkable data files. The adult and youth questionnaire (Parts 1 and 2) covered areas such as demographic information, geographic region, gambling behavior and attitudes, motivations for gambling, gambling history, a problem-gambling diagnostic assessment, gambling treatment experience, family/marital status and issues, income and financial information, criminal activity, mental and general health, and substance use. Areas of substance abuse examined were the use of alcohol, marijuana, hashish, cocaine, crack, methamphetamine, stimulants, tranquilizers, amphetamines, and speed. The Community Database (Part 3) included the following: geographic locators (latitude, longitude), availability of gaming facilities, gaming spending estimates, employment patterns by industry, unemployment, bankruptcy, personal income, private and public earnings, government expenditures, income maintenance/AFDC, and vital statistics.

Access Notes

  • These data are freely available.

Dataset(s)

DS3:  Community Database, 1980-1996 - Download All Files (5.2 MB)

Study Description

Citation

National Gambling Impact Study Commission. Gambling Impact and Behavior Study, 1997-1999: [United States]. ICPSR02778-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2007-08-28. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR02778.v2

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Funding

This study was funded by:

  • National Gambling Impact Study Commission

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   attitudes, casinos, demographic characteristics, economic indicators, gambling, human behavior, social indicators

Geographic Coverage:   United States

Time Period:  

  • 1997--1999

Date of Collection:  

  • 1998--1999

Universe:   The universe consists of the civilian household population of the United States aged 16 and older. The telephone subuniverse consisted of those living in households with at least one working telephone line. The universe for the community database is biased toward smaller census designated places with populations of 10,000 or more.

Data Types:   administrative records data, medical records, survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Data were collected and prepared for release by the National Opinion Research Center (NORC) at the University of Chicago.

Three survey methodologies were used for the adult sample. Telephone interviews were conducted for all but 14 respondents who chose to participate via mail-in questionnaire. Face-to-face interviews were conducted for adult patrons of gambling facilities. The in-person and mail-in questionnaires contained most, but not all, of the questions from the telephone interview.

The youth questionnaire is identical to the telephone survey administered to adults with one exception. Section D (the Diagnostic Screen for gambling disorders) was administered to all youths who reported any lifetime gambling behavior, rather than, as with adults, only that subset of gamblers who reported dollar losses above certain limits.

The data for the community database includes two variables for latitude and longitude (INTPTLAT and INTPTLNG) which will produce a warning when used in SPSS due to their lengths.

In reporting on gambling activities, respondents were asked to include gambling within the United States, District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico, and to exclude gambling in other territories, on ships, cruises, or ferries, as well as other venues on international waters.

Methodology

Sample:   The sample for the adult telephone interviews was derived using a national random-digit dial (RDD) design stratified by state lottery status, and distances to a major casino. The distribution of age and sex of the respondent was controlled using the Troldahl-Carter-Bryant method. For the adult patron survey, a random sample of gambling facilities was drawn from two western states, three Mississippi River states, and three northeastern states. An average of 25 interviews per facility at 21 facilities was achieved. The youth sample was drawn from two lists of telephone numbers: List 1 consisted of 5,000 targeted households with youths aged 12-17, while List 2 consisted of 32,000 RDD numbers targeted at all households. The youth sample was also stratified by state lottery status. The community database consisted of 100 communities, which were selected using a simple random sampling without replacement procedure, from among "designated places" as defined by the United States Census Bureau, with populations of 10,000 or more. The community database contains information on the years 1980-1996. The community sample was stratified by distance to major casino and presence of legal gambling.

Data Source:

telephone interviews, personal interviews, self-administered questionnaires, interview-administered questionnaire, and selected data from the following sources: Regional Economic Indicator Series (REIS), City and County Data Book, FBI Uniform Crime Reports, and the NCHS Vital and Health Statistics series

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created online analysis version with question text.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2007-08-28 Stata setup, Stata system, and Stata supplemental files have been added. This process affected some column locations, as a result, codebooks were updated to reflect correct new column locations. Also four variables were recoded on part number 3 to remove non-integer value labels so that Stata system files could be produced.
  • 2005-11-04 On 2005-03-14 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-11-04 to reflect these additions.

Related Publications ?

Variables

Browse Matching Variables

DS1: Adult Survey

Ever gambled
(Missing data values were included in computations) ** Created by COMPUTE version 3.1 on Jun 30, 2008 (Mon 05:49 PM EDT) if (b1_ eq 1 OR b4_ eq 1 OR b7_ eq 1 OR b10_ eq 1 OR b13_ eq 1 OR b16_ eq 1 OR b19_ eq 1 OR b22_ eq 1 OR b25_ eq 1 OR b28_ eq 1 OR b30_ eq 1) evergamb = 1 else evergamb = 0 Input variables: b10_: EVER GAMBLED BINGO b13_: EVER GAMBLED CHARITABLE b16_: EVER GAMBLED CARDROOM b19_: EVER GAMBLED PRIVATE b1_: EVER GAMBLED CASINO b22_: EVER GAMBLED STORE/BAR/RESTAURANT b25_: EVER GAMBLED UNLICENSED b28_: EVER GAMBLED INTERNET b30_: EVER GAMBLED INDIAN OR TRIBAL CASINO b4_: EVER GAMBLED TRACK/OFFTRACK b7_: EVER GAMBLED LOTTO
WHO GAMBLE WITH
Who do you usually [do favorite type of gambling in C15] with?
STORE/BAR TIME SPENT
Did you gamble there for
CASINO TIME SPENT
On that day, did you gamble there for
TRACK/OFF TIME SPENT
On that day, did you gamble there for
WHY EXCITEMENT OR CHALLENGE
The excitement or challenge of gambling
GAMBLING FACTOR BANKRUPTCY
Was gambling a significant factor or cause of this bankruptcy?
GAMBLING FACTOR IN INCARCERATION
Was gambling a significant factor or cause toward your incarceration?
ANY HH GAMBLING DEBT
Of all the money that [you/you or other members of your household] owe, was any of that borrowed in order to gamble or to pay for gambling debts?
EVER GAMBLED CASINO
I would like to start by asking you about casino gambling. Have you ever gambled at a casino in the U.S., that is, a large gambling hall with many different kinds of games, for example, a gambling hall on a riverboat or in a resort hotel?

DS2: Youth Survey

WHO GAMBLE WITH
Who do you usually [do favorite type of gambling in C15] with?
STORE/BAR TIME SPENT
Did you gamble there for
CASINO TIME SPENT
On that day, did you gamble there for
TRACK/OFF TIME SPENT
On that day, did you gamble there for
WHY EXCITEMENT OR CHALLENGE
The excitement or challenge of gambling
GAMBLING FACTOR IN INCARCERATION
Was gambling a significant factor or cause toward your incarceration?
NOT GAMBLED PAST YEAR
You have indicated that you have not gambled at all in the past year, since [CURRENT MONTH] 1997. Now I would like to ask you how important some possible reasons might have been for your [never gambling/not gambling or placing any bets in the past year].
EVER GAMBLED CASINO
I would like to start by asking you about casino gambling. Have you ever gambled at a casino in the U.S., that is, a large gambling hall with many different kinds of games, for example, a gambling hall on a riverboat or in a resort hotel?
EVER TRIED TO STOP GAMBLING
Have you ever tried to stop, cut down, or control your gambling?
EVER GAMBLING FACTOR IN SEPARATION
Was your gambling ever a significant factor or cause toward your separation?

Instructional Resources

Instructional guides that utilize this dataset are available:

Utilities

Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics

We appreciate your comments. Please categorize your comment below and use the text box to leave your feedback.


(if you'd like a follow-up response)

If you encounter a problem with submitting your comments, you may email your comments directly to samhda-support@icpsr.umich.edu.