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Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) Series RSS

Investigator(s): United States Department of Health and Human Services. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality (CBHSQ)

The Drug Abuse Warning Network (DAWN) is a nationally representative public health surveillance system that continuously monitors drug-related visits to hospital emergency departments (EDs). A DAWN case is any ED visit involving recent drug use that is implicated in the ED visit. DAWN captures both ED visits that are directly caused by drugs and those in which drugs are a contributing factor but not the direct cause of the ED visit. Annually, DAWN produces estimates of drug-related visits to hospital EDs for the nation as a whole and for selected metropolitan areas.

DAWN is used to monitor trends in drug misuse and abuse, identify the emergence of new substances and drug combinations, assess health hazards associated with drug abuse, and estimate the impact of drug misuse and abuse on the Nation's health care system. DAWN relies on a longitudinal probability sample of hospitals located throughout the United States. To be eligible for selection into the DAWN sample, a hospital must be a non-federal, short-stay, general surgical and medical hospital located in the United States, with at least one 24-hour ED. The dataset includes demographics, up to 16 drugs involved in the ED visit, toxicology confirmation, route of administration, type of case, and disposition of the patient following the visit.

Prepared DAWN Emergency Department National and Metro data tables are available on the DAWN Web site. The DAWN Web site also provides access to DAWN reports.

Most Recent Studies

Related Publications

Most Recent Publications

2014
Atluri, S.,  Sudarshan, G.,  Manchikanti, L. Assessment of the trends in medical use and misuse of opioid analgesics from 2004 to 2011. Pain Physician. 17, (2), E119-E128.
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2014
Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality . A Day in the Life of Young Adults: Substance Use Facts. CBHSQ Report. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
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2014
Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality . Emergency Department Visits Involving Methamphetamine: 2007 to 2011. DAWN Report. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
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2014
Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality . Emergency Department Visits Involving Nonmedical Use of the Anti-anxiety Medication Alprazolam. DAWN Report. Rockville, MD: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
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2014
Gerlach, Karen K.,  Dasgupta, Nabarun,  Schnoll, Sidney H.,  Henningfield, Jack E. Epidemiology of stimulant misuse and abuse: Implications for future epidemiologic and neuropharmacologic research. Neuropharmacology.
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2014
Howland, Robert H. Gabapentin: Can it be misused?. Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services. 52, (1), 12-15.
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2014
Madras, Bertha . Chapter One - Drug Use and Its Consequences. The Effects of Drug Abuse on the Human Nervous System. Boston: Academic Press.
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2014
Maxwell, Jane Carlisle . Psychoactive substances--some new, some old: A scan of the situation in the U.S.. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 134, 71-77.
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2014
Pacula, Rosalie Liccardo,  Sevigny, Eric L. Natural experiments in a complex and dynamic environment: The need for a measured asssessment of the evidence. Journal of Policy Analysis and Management. 33, (1), 232-235.
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