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Pub. Type:
Conference Proceedings
Title:
Veterans versus nonveterans: Factors contributing to substance abuse treatment completion/incarceration.
Conference/Meeting Name:
Comparing Veterans and Non-veterans Receiving Substance Abuse Treatment: An Analysis [symposium presentation]
Conference/Meeting Date:
Aug 2014
Abstract:
Research has compared Veterans and non-Veterans on a number of important topics, including suicide prevalence, alcoholism, and employment (Boscarino, 1981; David & Duggan, 2011; Kaplan, Huguet, McFarland, & Newsome, 2006). This study will focuses on differences in the factors that contributee to unsuccessful termination of substance abuse treatment and post-treatment incarceration for Veterans and non-Veterans. Comparisons of Veterans to non- Veterans found that, in general, a higher proportion of Veterans were male, and they tended to be older than the non-Veteran population. A multiple regression was done to identify factors that contribute to both unsuccessful treatment termination and incarceration within the complete population of Veterans and non-Veterans. Although many of the predictors of unsuccessful treatment termination and incarcerations were alike, there were several distinct differences. Being of Hispanic ethnicity was a significant predictor in Veterans but not among non-Veterans. Conversely, being unemployed and being older than 15 at age of first substance use was a predictor for unsuccessful treatment termination for non-Veterans but not for Veterans. With regard to incarceration, being non-Caucasian, graduating high school, being unemployed, having two or more prior arrests, having a co-occurring mental health diagnosis, and a longer length of stay in treatment were predictors for non-Veterans but not for Veterans. There were no predictors that were significant for Veterans that were not significant for non-Veterans. Such differences suggest a difference in predictive factors for veterans and non-veterans regarding both unsuccessful treatment termination as well as incarceration. Treatment and policy implications will be discussed.
Conference/Meeting Sponsor:
122nd American Psychological Association Convention
Place of Conference/Meeting:
Washington, DC

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