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Acheson, Dean (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US lawyer and stateman; Secretary of State 1949-1953.

DATE(S): 1893-1971

Adams, John (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 2nd President of the United States, 1796-1800.

DATE(S): 1735-1826

Adams, John Quincy (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 6th President of the United States, 1825-1829.

DATE(S): 1767-1848

Akin, Todd (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; US Representative for Missouri 2001-2013; ran and lost US Senate race 2012; created controversy with comment about "legitimate rape".

DATE(S): b.1947 -

Albright, Madeleine (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US diplomat; Secretary of United States Department of State 1997-2001.

DATE(S): b.1937-

NAME VARIANT(S): Madeleine Korbel Albright

Alexander, Lamar (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; Governor of Tennessee 1979-1987; candidate for Republican presidential nomination 1996, 2000.

DATE(S): b.1940-

NAME VARIANT(S): Lamar Andrew Alexander

Alito, Samuel (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: American Supreme Court Justice 2006- .

NAME VARIANT(S): Samuel A. Alito, Jr.

Allen, George (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; governor of Virginia 1994-1998; United States senator from Virginia 2000- .

DATE(S): b.1952-

Anderson, John (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US politician; Independent presidential candidate 1980.

DATE(S): b. 1922-

Annan, Kofi (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Ghanian diplomat; Secretary-General of the United Nations 1997- .

DATE(S): b.1938-

NAME VARIANT(S): Kofi Atta Annan

Arafat, Yasir (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Leader of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO) 1968-2004 ; Palestinian politician; Nobel Peace prize 1994.

DATE(S): 1929-2004

NAME VARIANT(S): Yasser Arafat; Yassir Arafat.

Aristide, Jean-Bertrand (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Haitian clergyman and politician; President of Haiti 1991, 1994-1996; overthrown in 1991 but restored through US intervention 1994; President-elect of Haiti, 2000.

DATE(S): b.1953-

Arthur, Chester (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 21st President of the United States, 1881-1885.

DATE(S): 1829-1886

Ashcroft, John (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: U.S. Republican politician. Governor of Missouri 1985-1992; Senator from Missouri 1995-2001; United States Attorney General 2001- .

DATE(S): b.1942-

Bachmann, Michele (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; United States Representative from Minnesota (2007- ); unsuccessful candidate for Republican nomination in the 2012 presidential election.

DATE(S): b.1956-

Baker, Howard (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; Senator from Tennessee 1967-1985; White House Chief of Staff 1987-1988; nominated as US Ambassador to Japan 2001.

DATE(S): b.1925-

NAME VARIANT(S): Howard Henry Baker Jr.

Baker, James (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican poitician; White House Chief of Staff 1981-1985, 1992-1993; Secretary of the Treasury 1985-1988; Secretary of State 1989-1992; George W. Bush's personal representative in Florida presidential election controversy, 2000.

DATE(S): b.1930-

NAME VARIANT(S): Jim Baker, James Baker III

Barry, Marion (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; Mayor of Washington DC 1979-1991, 1995-1999; ousted from office, convicted and imprisoned on drug charges 1991-1992.

DATE(S): b.1936-

Begin, Menachem (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Israeli politician; Prime Minister of Israel 1977-1983.

DATE(S): 1913-1992

NAME VARIANT(S): Menahem Begin

Bentsen, Lloyd (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: United States Senator from Texas 1971-1992; Democratic Vice-Presidential candidate 1988.

DATE(S): b.1921-

NAME VARIANT(S): Lloyd Millard Bentsen, Jr.

Biden, Joe (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: United States Senator from Delaware 1972-2008; Vice President of the United States 2009- .

DATE(S): b.1942-

bin Laden, Osama (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Saudi-born leader of fundamentalist Muslim terrorist organization, Al Qaeda.

DATE(S): 1957-2011

NAME VARIANT(S): Usama bin Laden

Black, Hugo (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US jurist; United States Supreme Court Justice 1937-1971.

DATE(S): 1886-1971

Blackmun, Harry (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US jurist; United States Supreme Court Justice 1970-1994; wrote decision for Roe v Wade, 1973.

DATE(S): 1908-1999

Blair, Tony (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: British Labour politician; British Prime Minister 1997-2007.

DATE(S): b.1953-

NAME VARIANT(S): Anthony Charles Lynton Blair

Bloomberg, Michael (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: American businessman and politician; Mayor of New York City 2001 - .

DATE(S): b.1923 -

Boehner, John (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; United States Representative from Ohio, 1991- .

DATE(S): b.1949-

Bonds, Barry (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: American professional baseball player.

DATE(S): b.1954-

Bongo, Omar (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of Gabon, 1967-2009.

DATE(S): 1936-2009

Boni, Thomas Yayi (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of Benin, 2006- .

DATE(S): b.1952-

NAME VARIANT(S): Yayi Boni

Bork, Robert (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US judge and lawyer; unsuccessful nominee to United States Supreme Court 1987.

DATE(S): b.1927-

Bradley, Bill (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; Senator from New Jersey 1979-1997; candidate for Democratic presidential nomination 2000.

DATE(S): b.1943-

NAME VARIANT(S): William Warren Bradley

Brandt, Willy (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: West German politician; Chancellor of West Germany 1969-1974; Nobel Peace Prize 1971.

DATE(S): 1913-1992

Brennan, William (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US jurist; United States Supreme Court Justice 1956-1990.

DATE(S): 1906-1997

NAME VARIANT(S): William Joseph Brennan, Jr.

Brezhnev, Leonid (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of the Soviet Union 1960-1964, 1977-1982; General Secretary of the Soviet Communist Party 1966-1982.

DATE(S): 1906-1982

NAME VARIANT(S): Leonid Ilyich Brezhnev

Brown, Jerry (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: United States politician; Governor of California 1975-1983.

DATE(S): b.1938-

NAME VARIANT(S): Edmund Gerald Brown, Jr.; Governor Moonbeam.

Buchanan, James (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 15th President of the United States, 1857-1861.

DATE(S): 1791-1868

Buchanan, Pat (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Conservative political commentator; candidate for United States Republican presidential nomination 1992, 1996, 2000.

DATE(S): b.1938-

NAME VARIANT(S): Patrick Joseph Buchanan

Bukharin, Nikolay Ivanovich (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Russian Communist leader and editor.

DATE(S): 1888-1938

Burger, Warren (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US jurist; Chief Justice, United States Supreme Court 1969-1986.

DATE(S): 1907-1995

Bush, Barbara (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Wife of George Bush; First Lady of the United States 1989-1993; mother of George W. Bush.

DATE(S): b.1925-

NAME VARIANT(S): Bar

Bush, George H.W. (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Vice President of the United States 1981-1989; 41st President of the United States 1989-1993.

DATE(S): b.1924-

NAME VARIANT(S): George Herbert Walker Bush

Bush, George W. (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Son of George (Herbert Walker) Bush; Governor of Texas; 43rd President of the United States 2001-2009.

DATE(S): b.1946-

NAME VARIANT(S): Dubya

Bush, Jeb (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US businessman and Republican politician; Governor of Florida 1999- ; son of George and Barbara Bush; brother of George W. Bush.

DATE(S): b.1953-

NAME VARIANT(S): John Ellis Bush

Bush, Laura (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Wife of George W. Bush; First Lady of the United States 2001- .

DATE(S): b.1946-

Cain, Herman (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US author, business executive, radio host, and Tea Party activist from Georgia; a candidate for the 2012 US Republican Party presidential nomination.

DATE(S): b.1945-

Cardin, Benjamin (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician, United States Representative from Maryland 1987-2005, United States Senator from Maryland 2006- .

DATE(S): b.1943-

Carter, Jimmy (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 39th President of the United States 1977-1981.

DATE(S): b.1924-

NAME VARIANT(S): James Earl Carter, Jr.

Castro, Fidel (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Cuban revolutionary leader; Prime Minister of Cuba 1959-1977; President of Cuba 1977-2008.

DATE(S): b.1927-

NAME VARIANT(S): Fidel Castro Ruz

Cheney, Dick (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US political appointee; Vice-President of the United States 2001-2008.

DATE(S): b.1941-

NAME VARIANT(S): Richard Bruce Cheney

Chirac, Jacques (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: French politician; President of France 1995- .

DATE(S): b.1932-

NAME VARIANT(S): Jacques Rene Chirac

Chissano, Joaquim (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of Mozambiquie 1986-2005.

DATE(S): b.1939-

NAME VARIANT(S): Joaquim Alberto Chissano

Chretien, Jean (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Canadian lawyer and Liberal politician; Prime Minister of Canada 1993- .

DATE(S): b.1934-

NAME VARIANT(S): Joseph Jacques Jean Chretien

Christie, Chris (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Republican Governor of New Jersey, 2010- .

DATE(S): b.1962-

Clark, Wesley (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: U.S. Army general; Commander of NATO's European forces 1997-1999; campaigned for Democratic Party nomination for 2004 presidential election.

DATE(S): b.1944-

Cleveland, Grover (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 22nd and 24th President of the United States, 1885-1889 and 1893-1897.

DATE(S): 1837-1908

Clinton, Bill (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 42nd President of the United States 1993-2001.

DATE(S): b.1946-

NAME VARIANT(S): William Jefferson Clinton

Clinton, Hillary (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Lawyer; politician;First Lady 1992-2000; Democratic Senator from New York 2000-2008; Secretary of State 2008- .

DATE(S): b.1947-

NAME VARIANT(S): Hillary Rodham Clinton

Condit, Gary (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: U.S. Democratic politician; United States Representative from California 1989-2001; left office 2001 in part due to the controversy surrounding his association with Chandra Levy, a government intern who disappeared and was later found dead.

DATE(S): b.1948-

Connally, John (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic, and later Republican, politician; Governor of Texas 1963-1969; Secretary of Treasury 1971-1972; Candidate for Republican presidential nomination 1980.

DATE(S): 1917-1993

NAME VARIANT(S): John Bowden Connelly Jr.

Coolidge, Calvin (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 30th President of the United States, 1923-1929.

DATE(S): 1872-1933

Corzine, Jon (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Democrat Governor of New Jersey, 2006-2010.

DATE(S): b.1947-

Cuomo, Mario (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US lawyer and Democratic politician; Governor of New York 1983-1995.

DATE(S): b.1932-

D'Amato, Alfonse (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US lawyer and Republican politician; United States Senator from New York 1981-1999.

DATE(S): b.1937-

NAME VARIANT(S): Al D'Amato

Daschle, Tom (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; United States Representative from South Dakota 1978 - 1986; United States Senator from South Dakota 1986-2004.

DATE(S): b.1947-

Davis, Gray (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; Governor of California 1998-2003.

DATE(S): b.1942-

Dayan, Moshe (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Israeli Minister of Defense 1967-1974.

DATE(S): 1915-1981

Dean, Howard (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Democratic governor of Vermont 1991-2002; campaigned for Democratic party nomination for 2004 presidential election.

DATE(S): b.1948

Dean, John (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US lawyer, served as White House counsel during Nixon administration (1970-1973); imprisoned for his role in Watergate scandal.

DATE(S): b. 1938-

NAME VARIANT(S): John Wesley Dean III

DeGaulle, Charles (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: French general; President of France 1959-1969.

DATE(S): 1890-1969

NAME VARIANT(S): Charles Andre Joseph Marie

DeLay, Tom (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; United States Representative from Texas; resigned in 2005 after being indicted on charges of violating campaign finance laws.

DATE(S): b.1947-

Dewey, Thomas (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; Governor of New York 1943-1955; Republican presidential candidate 1944, 1948.

DATE(S): 1902-1971

NAME VARIANT(S): Thomas Edmund Dewey

Dinkins, David (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; Mayor of New York City 1990-1994 (first African American mayor of New York City).

DATE(S): b.1927-

Dole, Bob (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: United States Senator from Kansas 1969-1996; United States Senate majority leader 1985-1987, 1995-1996, minority leader 1987-1995; Republican presidential candidate 1996.

DATE(S): b.1923-

NAME VARIANT(S): Robert Joseph Dole

Dole, Elizabeth (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: United States political appointee and politician; candidate for Republican presidential nomination 2000; wife of Bob Dole.

DATE(S): b.1936-

NAME VARIANT(S): Mary Elizabeth Dole

Douglas, William (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US jurist; United States Supreme Court Justice 1939-1975.

DATE(S): 1898-1980

NAME VARIANT(S): William Orville Douglas

Dukakis, Michael (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Governor of Massachusetts 1975-1979, 1983-1991; Democratic presidential candidate 1988.

DATE(S): b.1933-

NAME VARIANT(S): Michael Stanley Dukakis

Duke, David (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US politician; active promoter and officeholder in the Ku Klux Klan.

DATE(S): b. 1951-

Edwards, John (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; United States Senator from North Carolina 1999-2004; Candidate for Democratic presidential nomination 2004.

DATE(S): b.1953-

NAME VARIANT(S): John R. Edwards

Ehrlich, Bob (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; United States Representative from Maryland 1994-2002; Governor of Maryland 2003- .

DATE(S): b.1957-

Eisenhower, Dwight (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 34th President of the United States, 1953-1961.

DATE(S): 1890-1969

NAME VARIANT(S): Dwight David Eisenhower

Elian Gonzalez (search for this term)

Erhard, Ludwig (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: German politician; first West German economic minister 1949-1963; Chancellor of West Germany 1963-1966, resigned.

DATE(S): 1897-1963

Falwell, Jerry (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US clergymen and conservative commentator; founded Moral Majority, 1979.

DATE(S): 1933-2007

Farrakhan, Louis (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Black Muslim leader; leader of the Nation of Islam, 1977- ; organized Million Man March in Washington 1995.

DATE(S): b.1933-

NAME VARIANT(S): Louis Eugene Walcott (original name)

FDR

USE:

Ferraro, Geraldine (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: United States Representative from New York 1979-1985; Democratic vice presidential candidate 1984.

DATE(S): b.1935

Fillmore, Millard (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 13th President of the United States, 1850-1853.

DATE(S): 1800-1874

Flowers, Gennifer (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US nightclub singer, Arkansas state employee; claimed in 1992 to have had twelve year affair with Bill Clinton.

DATE(S): b.1950-

Forbes, Steve (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US businessman and publisher; CEO of Forbes, Inc. 1990- ; candidate for Republican presidential nomination 1996, 2000; son of Malcolm Forbes.

DATE(S): b.1947-

NAME VARIANT(S): Malcolm Stevenson Forbes, Jr.

Ford, Gerald (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 38th President of the United States 1974-77.

DATE(S): b.1913-

NAME VARIANT(S): Gerald R. Ford; Gerald Rudolph Ford

Fortas, Abe (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US jurist; United States Supreme Court Justice 1965-69; first justice ever to resign due to public criticism.

DATE(S): 1910-1982

Fox, Vicente

USE:

Fox, Vincente (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of Mexico 2000-2006.

DATE(S): b.1942-

NAME VARIANT(S): Vicente Fox, Vicente Fox Quesada, Vincente Fox Quesada.

USE FOR:

Frankfurter, Felix (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US jurist; United States Supreme Court Justice 1939-1962.

DATE(S): 1882-1965

Gaddafi, Muammur (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Libyan revolutionary, politician, and political theorist; served as the ruler of Libya 1969-2011.

DATE(S): 1942-2011

Garfield, James (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 20th President of the United States, 1881, assassinated after two months in office.

DATE(S): 1831-1881

Gates, Bill (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US computer software businessman; co-founder of Microsoft Corp., 1976.

DATE(S): b.1955-

Gephardt, Dick (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; United States Representative from Missouri 1977-2002; candidate for Democratic presidential nomination 1988 and 2004; House majority leader 1989-1995; House minority leader 1995-2002 .

DATE(S): b.1941-

NAME VARIANT(S): Richard Gephardt

Gingrich, Newt (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: United States Representative from Georgia 1979-99; Republican Speaker of the House 1995-98.

DATE(S): b.1943-

NAME VARIANT(S): Newton Leroy Gingrich

Giuliani, Rudolph (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US lawyer and Republican politician; Mayor of New York City 1994 - 2001.

DATE(S): b.1944-

NAME VARIANT(S): Rudy Giuliani

Glenn, John (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US astronaut and Democratic politician; first American to orbit the Earth 1962; United States Senator from Ohio 1974-1999; candidate for Democratic presidential nomination 1984; returned to space aboard shuttle Discovery, 1998.

DATE(S): b.1921-

Goetz, Bernhard (search for this term)

NAME VARIANT(S): Bernie Goetz

SCOPE NOTE(S): US businessman and vigilante; in self-defence, shot four muggers during a hold-up in a New York City subway, 1984 (acquitted of attempted murder 1987).

Gorbachev, Mikhail (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of the Soviet Union 1988-1991; Nobel Peace prize 1990.

DATE(S): b.1931-

NAME VARIANT(S): Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev

Gore, Al (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: United States Representative from Tennessee 1977-1985; United States Senator from Tennessee 1985-1993; Vice President of the United States 1993-2001; Democratic presidential candidate 2000, delivered concession speech 36 days after election, following a series of legal battles surrounding voting irregularities and hand recounts in several Florida counties.

DATE(S): b.1948-

NAME VARIANT(S): Albert Arnold Gore, Jr.

Gramm, Phil (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; United States Representative from Texas 1979-1983 (as a Democrat), 1983-1985 (as a Republican); United States Senator from Texas 1985- .

DATE(S): b.1942-

Grant, Ulysses S. (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 18th President of the United States, 1868-1876.

DATE(S): 1822-1885

Gravel, Mike (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politiciam; United States Representative from Alaska, 1963-1966, Senator 1968-1980.

DATE(S): b.1930-

Greenspan, Alan (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US economist; Chairman of the Federal Reserve Board 1987- .

DATE(S): b.1926-

Gromyko, Andrei (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Soviet diplomat; President of the Soviet Union 1985-1988.

DATE(S): 1909-1980

Haig, Alexander (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US diplomat, general, and politician; Supreme Allied Commander in Europe 1974-1979; United States Secretary of State 1981-1982.

DATE(S): 1924-2010

NAME VARIANT(S): Al Haig

Harding, Tonya (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: American figure skater; received criminal indictment for her role in plotting an assault on another skater.

DATE(S): b. 1970-

Harding, Warren G. (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of the United States 1921-1923.

DATE(S): 1865-1923

Harkin, Tom (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; United States Congressman from Iowa 1974-1984; United States Senator from Iowa 1984 - .

DATE(S): b.1939 -

Harrison, Benjamin (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 23rd President of the United States, 1889-1893.

DATE(S): 1833-1901

Harrison, William Henry (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 9th President of the United States, 1840, died after one month in office.

DATE(S): 1773-1841

Hart, Gary (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; United States Senator from Colorado; candidate for Democratic presidential nomination 1988.

DATE(S): b.1937-

Hastert, Dennis (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; United States Representative from Illinois 1987- .

DATE(S): b.1942-

Hatch, Orrin (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; United States Senator from Utah 1977- ; Chairman of Senate Judiciary Committee 1995-2001, 2001- ; candidate for Republican presidential nomination 2000.

DATE(S): b.1934-

Hayes, Rutherford B. (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 19th President of the United States, 1877-1881.

DATE(S): 1822-1893

Heath, Edward (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: British politician; leader of the Conservative party 1965-1975; British Prime Minister 1970-1974.

DATE(S): b.1916-

Hill, Anita (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Lawyer, law educator; assistant to Clarence Thomas 1981-1983; charged Clarence Thomas with sexual harassment during Thomas' Senate confirmation hearing for Supreme Court appointment 1991.

DATE(S): b.1956-

Hitler, Adolf (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: German dictator 1933-1945; instigator of the Holocaust and World War II.

DATE(S): 1889-1945

Honecker, Erich (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: East German Communist politician; President of East Germany 1976-1989.

DATE(S): 1912-1994

Hoover, Herbert (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of the United States 1929-1933.

DATE(S): 1874-1964

Huckabee, Mike (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; Governor of Arkansas 1996-2007; candidate for Republican presidential nomination 2007-2008.

DATE(S): b.1955-

Hunter, Duncan (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; United States Representative from California, 1980- .

DATE(S): b.1948-

Huntsman, Jon (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US politician and diploment; governor of Utah, 2005-2009; a candidate for the 2012 US Republican Party presidential nomination.

DATE(S): b.1960-

Hussein, Saddam (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Iraqi dictator 1979- ; directed Iraqi invasion of Kuwait 1990; defeated in Gulf War 1991.

DATE(S): b.1937-

Hyde, Henry (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: United States Representative from Ilinois 1975- ; Chairman of the House Judiciary Committee 1995- ; presided over Judiciary Committee hearings on impeachment of President Clinton.

DATE(S): 1924-2007

NAME VARIANT(S): Henry John Hyde

Ikedo, Hayato (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Japanese politician; Prime Minister of Japan 1960-1964.

DATE(S): 1899-1965

Ito, Lance (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US judge; presided in O. J. Simpson's murder trial, 1994-1995.

DATE(S): b.1950-

NAME VARIANT(S): Judge Ito

Jackson, Andrew (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 7th President of the United States, 1828-1836.

DATE(S): 1767-1845

Jackson, Jesse (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Baptist minister; political activist.

DATE(S): b.1941-

NAME VARIANT(S): Jesse Louis Jackson

Jackson, Michael (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: American recording artist, entertainer, actor, and businessman.

DATE(S): 1958-2009

Jefferson, Thomas (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 3rd President of the United States, 1801-1809.

DATE(S): 1743-1826

Jeffords, Jim (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: U.S. Republican politician. United States Senator from Vermont 1988-2001; in 2001 left the Republican party to become an Independent.

DATE(S): b.1934-

NAME VARIANT(S): James Jeffords, James Merrill Jeffords

JFK

USE:

Jiang Zemin (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Chinese Communist politician; President of China 1993- .

DATE(S): b.1926-

Jobs, Steve (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: American entrepreneur, best known as the co-founder, chairman, and CEO of Apple, Inc.

DATE(S): 1955-2011

Johnson, Andrew (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 17th President of the United States, 1865-1869.

DATE(S): 1808-1875

Johnson, Lyndon (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 36th President of the United States 1963-1969.

DATE(S): 1908-1973

NAME VARIANT(S): Lyndon Baines Johnson, LBJ

USE FOR:

Johnson, Lyndon B.

USE:

Jones, Paula (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US litigant and Arkansas state employee; filed civil sexual harassment lawsuit against Bill Clinton, 1994 (for alleged occurrence in 1991); lawsuit dismissed 1998.

DATE(S): b.1966-

Kagan, Elena (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Justice of the United States Supreme Court. Nominated by President Barack Obama, confirmed in 2010.

DATE(S): b.1960-

Kaine, Timothy (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; governor of Virginia 2006-2010.

DATE(S): b.1957-

Kemp, Jack (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; United States Representative from New York 1971-1989; candidate for Republican presidential nomination 1988; Republican Vice-Presidential candidate 1996.

DATE(S): b.1935-

NAME VARIANT(S): Jack French Kemp

Kennedy, Edward M. (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: United States Senator from Massachusetts 1962-2009; brother of John F. Kennedy and Robert Kennedy.

DATE(S): 1932-2009

NAME VARIANT(S): Edward Moore Kennedy, Ted Kennedy, Teddy Kennedy

USE FOR:

Kennedy, Jack

USE:

Kennedy, John

USE:

Kennedy, John F. (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 35th President of the United States 1961-1963; brother of Robert Kennedy and Edward M. Kennedy; assassinated 1963.

DATE(S): 1917-1963

NAME VARIANT(S): John Fitzgerald Kennedy, John Kennedy, Jack Kennedy, JFK

USE FOR:

Kennedy, John Fitzgerald

USE:

Kennedy, Robert (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: United States Attorney General 1961-1965; Senator from New York 1965-1968; candidate for Democratic presidential nomination 1968; brother of John F. Kennedy and Edward M. Kennedy; assassinated 1968.

DATE(S): 1925-1968

NAME VARIANT(S): Bobby Kennedy, RFK, Robert Francis Kennedy

Kennedy, Ted

USE:

Kerrey, Bob (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Governor of Nebraska 1983-1987; United States Senator from Nebraska 1989- .

DATE(S): b.1943-

NAME VARIANT(S): Joseph Robert Kerrey

Kerrigan, Nancy (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: American figure skater; physically assaulted at Olympic qualifying competition in a plot contrived by a fellow skater; won silver medal in 1994 Winter Olympics.

DATE(S): b. 1969-

Kerry, John (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; United States Senator from Massachusetts 1985- ; candidate for Democratic presidential nomination 2004.

DATE(S): b.1943-

Kervorkian, Jack (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Pathologist; champion of the cause of physician-assisted suicide.

DATE(S): b.1928-

Keyes, Alan (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Candidate for Republican presidential nomination 1996, 2000.

DATE(S): b.1950-

NAME VARIANT(S): Alan Lee Keyes

Khrushchev, Nikita (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Russian Soviet Communist politician; Premier of Soviet Union 1958-1964.

DATE(S): 1894-1971

NAME VARIANT(S): Nikita Sergeyevich Khrushchev

Kibaki, Mwai (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of Kenya, 2002- .

DATE(S): b.1938-

King Hussein (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: King of Jordan 1952-1999.

DATE(S): 1935-1999

NAME VARIANT(S): Hussein I (Hussein ibn Talal ibn Hussein) NOTE: use "King Hussein".

King, Coretta Scott (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: American civil rights activist; widow of Martin Luther King.

DATE(S): b. 1927-

King, Martin Luther (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Baptist minister; civil rights leader; Nobel Peace prize 1964; assassinated 1968.

DATE(S): 1929-1968

NAME VARIANT(S): Martin Luther King, Jr

King, Rodney (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Black motorist beaten by Los Angeles police 1991, leading to heightened racial tensions.

DATE(S): b.1965-

NAME VARIANT(S): Rodney Glen King

Koch, Ed (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US judge, lawyer, and Democratic politician; Mayor of New York City 1978-1990.

DATE(S): b.1924-

NAME VARIANT(S): Edward Koch

Kohl, Helmut (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: German Christian Democratic politician; last Chancellor of West Germany 1982-1990; presided over reunification of Germany, 1990; Chancellor of Germany 1990-1998.

DATE(S): b.1930-

Koresh, David (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Leader of Branch Davidian cult; killed in raid on Waco, Texas cult compound 1993.

DATE(S): 1955-1993

NAME VARIANT(S): Vernon Wayne Howell (original name)

Kucinich, Dennis (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; United States Representative from Ohio 1996- ; candidate for Democratic presidential nomination 2004.

DATE(S): b.1946-

Kufuor, John Agyekum (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Ghanian lawyer and politician, President of Ghana 2000- .

DATE(S): b.1938-

Lautenberg, Frank (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; US Senator 1982-2000, 2002- .

DATE(S): b.1924-

LBJ

USE:

Lee Harvey Oswald (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Probable assassin of President John F. Kennedy 1963; murdered two days after assassination.

DATE(S): 1939-1963

Levy, Chandra (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Government intern from California associated with Congressman Gary Condit; disappeared and murdered 2002.

DATE(S): 1978-2002

Lewinsky, Monica (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: White House intern; had affair with President Clinton 1995; provided testimony forming principal basis for United States Senates' impeachment trial of President Clinton.

DATE(S): b.1973-

Libby, Lewis (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US lawyer; chief of staff to Vice President Dick Cheney 2001-2005; indicted 2005 for perjury, false statements, and obstruction of justice in connection with the Valerie Plame CIA leak probe.

DATE(S): b.1950-

NAME VARIANT(S): Scooter Libby

Lieberman, Joe (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; United States Senator from Connecticut 1989- ; Democractic vice presidential candidate 2000; candidate for Democratic presidential nomination 2004.

DATE(S): b.1942-

NAME VARIANT(S): Joseph Isador Lieberman

Lincoln, Abraham (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 16th President of the United States, 1861-1865.

DATE(S): 1809-1865

Lott, Trent (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; United States Representative from Mississippi 1973-1989; House minority whip 1981-1989; United States Senator from Mississippi, 1989- ; Senate majority leader 1996-2001, 2001- .

DATE(S): b.1941-

MacArthur, Douglas (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US general during World War II.

DATE(S): 1880-1964

Madison, James (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 4th President of the United States, 1809-1817.

DATE(S): 1751-1836

Major, John (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: British Conservative politician; British Prime Minister 1990-1997.

DATE(S): b.1943-

Mandela, Nelson (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: South African black civil rights leader; anti-apartheid activist; politician; President of South Africa 1994-1999.

DATE(S): b.1918-

NAME VARIANT(S): Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela

Mao Tse-Tung

USE:

Mao Zedong (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Chinese Communist politician and revolutionary; founder of Communist China; head of government of China 1959-1976.

DATE(S): 1893-1976

NAME VARIANT(S): Mao Tse-tung, Chairman Mao

USE FOR:

Marcos, Ferdinand (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Philippine dictator and politician; president of the Philippines 1965-1986; fled Philippines and sought asylum in the US 1986.

DATE(S): 1917-1989

NAME VARIANT(S): Ferdinand Edralin Marcos

Marshall, Thurgood (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US jurist; United States Supreme Court Justice 1967-1991.

DATE(S): 1908-1993

Mbeki, Thabo (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of South Africa 1999- .

DATE(S): b.1942-

McCain, John (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; United States Senator from Arizona 1987- ; candidate for Republican presidential nomination 2000.

DATE(S): b.1936-

NAME VARIANT(S): John Sidney McCain, III

McCarthy, Eugene (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; United States Representative from Minnesota 1949-1959; United States Senator from Minnesota 1959-1971; prominent opponent of US involvement in Vietnam War; candidate for Democratic presidential nomination 1968, 1972; Independent presidential candidate 1976.

DATE(S): b.1916-

McCarthy, Joseph (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: United States Senator from Wisconsin 1947-1957; anti-communist activist; attacked alleged Communists in Federal government; televised McCarthy hearings resulted in his being publically discredited and censored by the Senate.

DATE(S): 1909-1957

NAME VARIANT(S): Joseph Raymond McCarthy; Tailgunner Joe

McFarlane, Robert (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US administrator, and Marine Corps Officer; national security advisor 1983-1985; pleaded guilty to four misdemeanor charges resulting from Iran Contra scandal; pardoned by President Bush 1988.

DATE(S): b.1937-

McKinley, William (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 25th President of the United States, 1896-1901.

DATE(S): 1843-1901

McVeigh, Timothy (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Convicted co-conspirator in Oklahoma City bombing (1995); executed in 2001.

DATE(S): 1968-2001

NAME VARIANT(S): Timothy James McVeigh

Meese, Edwin (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US lawyer and Republican politician; United States Attorney General 1985-1988.

DATE(S): b.1931-

NAME VARIANT(S): Ed Meese, Edwin Meese III

Meir, Golda (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Israeli Prime Minister 1969-1974.

DATE(S): 1898-1978

Mikulski, Barbara (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; United States Representative from Maryland 1977-1987; United States Senator from Maryland 1987- .

DATE(S): b.1936-

Milosevic, Slobodan (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Serbian Yugoslavian dictator, politician; President of Serbia 1989-1997; President of Yugoslavia 1997-2000; indicted by Hague tribunal for crimes against humanity 1999; conceded defeat in 2000 Presidential elections.

DATE(S): b.1941-

Mkapa, Benjamin (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of Tanzania 1995- .

DATE(S): b.1938-

NAME VARIANT(S): Benjamin William Mkapa, Benjamin W. Mkapa

Mogae, Festus (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of Botswana 1998-2008.

DATE(S): b.1939-

Mondale, Walter (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; United States Senator from Minnesota 1964-1977; Vice-President of the United States 1977-1981; Democratic vice-presidential candidate 1980; Democratic presidential candidate 1984; United States Ambassador to Japan 1993-1997.

DATE(S): b.1928-

NAME VARIANT(S): Walter Frederick Mondale, Fritz Mondale

Monroe, James (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 5th President of the United States, 1817-1825.

DATE(S): 1758-1831

Moseley-Braun, Carol (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: First African American woman elected to the U.S. Senate, 1992-1998; ran unsuccessfully for the Democratic Party nomination for the 2004 presidential election.

DATE(S): b.1947-

Mosisil, Pakalitha (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Prime Minister of Lesotho, 1998- .

DATE(S): b.1945-

NAME VARIANT(S): Bethuel Pakalitha Mosisil

Moynihan, Daniel Patrick (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US diplomat, Democratic politician, and political scientist; United States Ambassador to India 1973-1975; United States Ambassador to the United Nations 1975-1976; United States Senator from New York 1976-2001.

DATE(S): b.1927-2003

Mubarak, Hosni (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of Egypt 1981-2011.

Mugabe, Robert (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of Zimbabwe 1987- .

DATE(S): b.1924-

NAME VARIANT(S): Robert Gabriel Mugabe

Mulroney, Brian (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Canadian Progressive Conservative politician; Prime Minister of Canada 1984-1993.

DATE(S): b.1939-

Museveni, Yoweri (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of Uganda 1986- .

DATE(S): b.1945-

NAME VARIANT(S): Yoweri Kaguta Museveni

Mwanawasa, Levy (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of Zambia, 2001-2008.

DATE(S): 1948-2008

Nader, Ralph (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Consumers advocate; United States Green Party presidential candidate 1996, 2000.

DATE(S): b.1934-

Nasser, Gamal Abdel (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Egyptian stateman and politician; President of Egypt 1956-1958; founded United Arab Republic (1958), was President 1958-1970.

DATE(S): 1918-1970

Netanyahu, Benjamin (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Israeli diplomat and politician; Prime Minister of Israel 1996-1999.

DATE(S): b.1949-

NAME VARIANT(S): Bibi Netanyahu

Nichols, Terry (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Convicted co-conspirator in Oklahoma City bombing (1995).

DATE(S): b. 1955-

NAME VARIANT(S): Terry Lynn Nichols

Nixon, Richard (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 37th President of the United States 1969-1974; resigned midway through second term because of Watergate scandal 1974.

DATE(S): 1913-1994

NAME VARIANT(S): Richard Milhous Nixon, Richard M. Nixon, Tricky Dick

Noriega, Manuel (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Panamanian general and politician; defacto head of government of Panama 1983-1989; ousted 1989 by United States invasion; extradicted to US, tried and convicted of money laundering and drug trafficking 1992.

DATE(S): b.1940-

North, Oliver (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: United States Marine Corps Officer; involved in Iran-Contra scandal; Republican politician and commentator.

DATE(S): b.1943-

NAME VARIANT(S): Oliver Lawrence North; Ollie North

Nujoma, Samuel Shafiihuma (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of Namibia, 1990- .

DATE(S): b.1929-

NAME VARIANT(S): Shafiihuma Nujoma

Obama, Barack (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; United States Senator from Illinois 2004- 2008; 44th President of the United States, 2009- .

DATE(S): b.1961-

Obama, Michelle (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Lawyer, wife of President Barack Obama.

DATE(S): b.1964-

Obasanjo, Olusegun (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of Nigeria 1976-1979, 1999- .

DATE(S): b.1937-

O'Connor, Sandra Day (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: American Supreme Court justice, 1981-2006.

DATE(S): b.1930-

Olmert, Ehud (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Israeli politician; Prime Minister of Israel 2006- .

DATE(S): b.1945-

O'Malley, Martin (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic Mayor of Baltimore, Maryland 1999-2007; Governor of Mayland 2007- .

DATE(S): b.1963-

NAME VARIANT(S): Martin J. O'Malley

Packwood, Robert (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; United States Senator from Oregon 1969-1995; resigned from Senate under threat of expulsion for sexual harassment, evidence tampering, and abuse of power.

DATE(S): b.1932-

Palin, Sarah (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; Governor of Alaska 2006-2009; vice presidential candidate in 2008 elections.

DATE(S): b.1964-

Pataki, George (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; Governor of New York 1995- .

DATE(S): b.1945-

Paul, Ron (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; United States Representative from Texas, 1976-1984, 1996- .

DATE(S): b.1935-

Pelosi, Nancy (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; United States Representative from California 1987- ; Speaker of the House 2006- .

DATE(S): b.1940-

Peres, Shimon (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Israeli politician; Prime Minister of Israel 1984-1986, 1995-1996; Nobel Peace Prize 1994.

DATE(S): b.1923-

Perot, H. Ross

USE:

Perot, Ross (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US businessman and politician; founded Electronic Data Systems (EDS) 1962, sold to General Motors 1984; Independent presidential candidate 1992; Reform Party presidential candidate 1996.

DATE(S): b.1930-

NAME VARIANT(S): Henry Ross Perot

USE FOR:

Perry, Rick (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US governor of Texas, 2000- ; a candidate for the 2012 US Republican Party presidential nomination.

DATE(S): b.1950-

Pierce, Franklin (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 14th President of the United States, 1853-1857.

DATE(S): 1804-1869

Pires, Pedro Verona (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of Cape Verde 2001- .

DATE(S): b.1934-

NAME VARIANT(S): Pedro Verona Rodrigues Pires

Plame, Valerie (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US intelligence officer; CIA officer 1985-2005; publicly identified as a CIA operative in 2003, leading to a probe of possible involvement of federal officials in disclosing Plame's identity to reporters; married to Joseph Wilson.

DATE(S): b.1963-

NAME VARIANT(S): Valerie Wilson

Poindexter, John (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Admiral; National Security Advisor 1985-1986; acquitted in Iran Contra scandal.

DATE(S): b.1936-

Polk, James (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 11th President of the United States, 1845-1849.

DATE(S): 1795-1849

Pollard, Jonathan (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US spy, passed military secrets to Israel 1984-1985; arrested for espionage 1985, convicted 1986, sentenced to life imprisonment 1987.

DATE(S): b.1954-

Pope Benedict XVI (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Head of the Roman Catholic Church 2005- .

DATE(S): b.1927-

NAME VARIANT(S): Joseph Ratzinger (given name)

Pope John Paul II (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Head of the Roman Catholic Church 1978- .

DATE(S): b.1920-

NAME VARIANT(S): Karol Jozef Wojtyla (given name)

Powderly, Terence Vincent (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: American labor leader; joined the Knights of Labor in 1874 and became instrumental in establishing labor bureaus and public arbitration systems in many states.

DATE(S): 1849-1924

NAME VARIANT(S): Terence V. Powderly

Powell, Colin (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: United States National Security Advisor 1984-1989; Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff 1989-1993 ; oversaw US-Allied victory in Gulf War 1991; United States Secretary of State 2000-2005.

DATE(S): b.1937-

NAME VARIANT(S): Colin Luther Powell.

Presley, Elvis (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: American entertainer.

DATE(S): 1935-1977

Quayle, Dan (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; United States Representative from Indiana 1977-1981; United States Senator from Indiana 1981-1989; Vice President of the United States 1988-1992; Republican vice-presidential candidate 1992; candidate for Republican presidential nomination 2000.

DATE(S): b.1947-

NAME VARIANT(S): J. Danforth Quayle

Rabin, Yitzhak (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Israeli diplomat and politician; Prime Minister of Israel 1974-1977, 1992-1995; assassinated 1995.

DATE(S): 1922-1995

NAME VARIANT(S): Itzhak Rabin

Ravalomanana, Marc (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of Madagascar 2002- .

DATE(S): b.1950-

Reagan, Ronald (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Film actor and Republican politician; Governor of California 1966-1974; 40th President of the United States 1981-1989.

DATE(S): b.1911-2004

NAME VARIANT(S): Ronald Wilson Reagan

Rehnquist, William (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US jurist; Chief Justice, United States Supreme Court 1986- .

DATE(S): b.1924-

Reid, Harry (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; United States Senator from Nevada 1986- ; Senate Majority Leader 2007- .

DATE(S): b.1940-

Reno, Janet (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: United States Attorney General 1993-2001; ordered FBI assault on Branch Davidian compound 1993.

DATE(S): b.1938-

Rice, Condoleezza (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: United States National Security Advisor 2001-2005; United States Secretary of State 2005-2008.

DATE(S): b. 1954-

Richardson, Bill (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; United States Representative from New Mexico, 1982-1996; Governor of New Mexico, 2002- .

DATE(S): b.1947-

Roberts, John G. (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: American Supreme Court justice, 2005- .

DATE(S): b.1955-

NAME VARIANT(S): John G. Roberts, Jr.

Robertson, Pat (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Christian evangelist; conservative commentator; candidate for Republican presidential nomination 1988; founder of Christian Coalition.

DATE(S): b.1930-

NAME VARIANT(S): Marion Gordon Pat Robertson

Robinson, Jackie (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US baseball player; first African American player in major leagues in 20th century.

DATE(S): 1919-1972

NAME VARIANT(S): John Roosevelt Robinson

Romney, Mitt (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: U.S. investment banker and republican politician, Governor of Massachusetts 2003-2007.

DATE(S): b.1947-

Roosevelt, Franklin D. (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 32nd President of the United States, 1933-1945.

DATE(S): 1882-1945

NAME VARIANT(S): Franklin Delano Roosevelt; FDR

USE FOR:

Roosevelt, Theodore (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 26th President of the United States, 1901-1909.

DATE(S): 1858-1919

Rove, Karl (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican political strategist; senior advisor to President George W. Bush 2000-2005; White House deputy chief of staff for policy 2005- .

DATE(S): b.1950-

Rumsfeld, Donald (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: United States Secretary of Defense, 2001-2006.

Ryan, Paul (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; US Representative for Wisconsin; Republican party nominee for Vice President in 2012.

DATE(S): b.1970 -

Sadat, Anwar (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Egyptian politician; President of Egypt 1970-1981; promoted peace with Israel; assassinated 1981.

DATE(S): 1918-1981

Santorum, Rick (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; United States Senator from Pennsylvania, 1995-2007; unsuccessful candidate for Republican nomination in the 2012 presidential election.

DATE(S): b.1958-

Schiavo, Terri (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Having existed in a persistent vegetative state for 15 years, became the center of a right-to-die legal dispute between her husband and her parents.

DATE(S): 1963-2005

Schroeder, Gerhard (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: German lawyer and Social Democratic politician; Chancellor of Germany 1998- .

DATE(S): b.1944-

NAME VARIANT(S): Gerhard Shroder

Schumer, Charles (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; United States Representative from New York 1981-1999; United States Senator from New York 1999- .

DATE(S): b.1950-

NAME VARIANT(S): Chuck Schumer

Schwarzenegger, Arnold (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Actor; Republican Governor of California 2003- .

DATE(S): b. 1947-

Schwarzkopf, Norman (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US general and war hero; led US-Allied forces in Gulf War.

DATE(S): b.1934-

NAME VARIANT(S): Norman H. Schwarzkopf, Stormin' Norman

Shamir, Yitzhak (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Israeli politician; Prime Minister of Israel 1983-1984, 1986-1992.

DATE(S): b.1914-

NAME VARIANT(S): Itzhak Shamir

Sharon, Ariel (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Israeli general and politician; Israeli Defense Minister 1981-1983; Prime Minister of Israel 2001-2006. .

DATE(S): b.1928-

Sharpton, Al (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Baptist clergyman and black activist; candidate for Democratic presidential nomination 2004.

DATE(S): b.1954-

NAME VARIANT(S): Alfred Charles Sharpton, Jr.

Sheehan, Cindy (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: American peace activist; opposed the war in Iraq.

DATE(S): b.1957-

Shultz, George (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US administrator, businessman, Republican politician; Secretary of State 1982-1986.

DATE(S): b.1920-

Simpson, O. J. (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US football player, movie actor, and accused murderer; played for Buffalo Bills 1969-1978; tried and acquitted for 1994 murders of Nicole Brown Simpson and Ron Goldberg 1994-1995.

DATE(S): b.1947-

NAME VARIANT(S): Orenthal James Simpson

Souter, David (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US jurist; United States Supreme Court Justice 1990- .

DATE(S): b.1939-

Stalin, Joseph (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Soviet political leader; established self as dictator 1924.

DATE(S): 1879-1953

Starr, Kenneth (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US judge and lawyer; Special Prosecutor during investigation of the Lewinsky scandal, leading to impeachment proceedings against President Clinton.

DATE(S): b.1946-

NAME VARIANT(S): Ken Starr

Steinem, Gloria (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: American writer; feminist activist.

DATE(S): b.1934-

Stephens, Uriah Smith (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: American labor leader; founder of the Knights of Labor, 1869; resigned his leadership of the Knights in 1879.

DATE(S): 1821-1882

NAME VARIANT(S): Uriah S. Stephens

Stevenson, Adlai (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Governor of Illinois 1949-1953; Democratic presidential cnadidate 1952, 1956; United States Ambassador to the United Nations 1961-1965.

DATE(S): 1900-1965

NAME VARIANT(S): Adlai Ewing Stevenson

Stockdale, James (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: American navy officer; vice-presidential candidate running with H. Ross Perot 1992.

DATE(S): b.1923 -

Stockman, David (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; director of Office of Management and Budget (OMB) 1981-1985.

DATE(S): b. 1946-

Taft, William Howard (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 27th President of the United States, 1909-1913.

DATE(S): 1857-1930

Tancredo, Tom (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; United States Representative from Colorado, 1998- .

DATE(S): b.1945-

Taylor, Zachary (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 12th President of the United States, 1849-1850.

DATE(S): 1784-1850

Thatcher, Margaret (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: British Conservative politician; British Prime Minister 1979-1990.

DATE(S): b.1925-

NAME VARIANT(S): the Iron Lady

Thomas, Clarence (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: United States Supreme Court Justice 1991- , confirmed despite sexual harassment charges brought against him by Anita Hill.

DATE(S): b.1948-

Thompson, Fred (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US lawyer, movie actor, and Republican politician; United States Senator from Tennessee 1994- .

DATE(S): b.1942-

Toure, Amadou Toumani (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of Mali 2002- .

DATE(S): b.1948-

Tower, John (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; United States Senator from Texas 1961-1985; Chairman of Senate Armed Services Committee 1981-1985; Chairman of "Tower Commission" established to investigate Iran Contra scandal; died in airplane crash 1991.

DATE(S): 1926-1991

Tripp, Linda (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US public administrator; secretly recorded telephone conversations with Monica Lewinsky describing affair between Lewinsky and President Clinton; released tapes to Kenneth Starr 1998.

DATE(S): b.1949-

Trotsky, Leon (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Russian Communist revolutionary.

DATE(S): 1879-1940

NAME VARIANT(S): Lev (or Leib) Davidovich Bronstein

Trudeau, Pierre (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Canadian lawyer and Liberal politician; Prime Minister of Canada 1968-1979, 1980-1984.

DATE(S): 1919-2000

Truman, Harry S. (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Vice President of the United States 1945; 33rd President of the United States 1945-1953; ordered atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki 1945; promulgated Truman Doctrine 1947; approved Marshall Plan to aid postwar Europe 1948-1952.

DATE(S): 1884-1972

Trump, Donald (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: American real estate developer; star of reality TV series The Apprentice.

DATE(S): b.1946-

Tsongas, Paul (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; United States Representative from Massachusetts 1975-1979; United States Senator from Massachusetts 1979-1985; candidate for Democratic presidential nomination 1992.

DATE(S): 1941-1997

NAME VARIANT(S): Paul Efthemios Tsongas

Tyler, John (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 10th President of the United States, 1841-1845.

DATE(S): 1790-1862

Van Buren, Martin (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 8th President of the United States, 1837-1841.

DATE(S): 1782-1862

Ventura, Jesse (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US professional wrestler, movie actor, and Reform Party politician; Governor of Minnesota 1999- .

DATE(S): b.1951-

wa Mutharika, Bingu (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of Malawi, 2004- .

DATE(S): b.1934-

Wade, Abdoulaye (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of Senegal 2000- .

DATE(S): b.1926-

Warner, Mark (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; Governor of Virginia 2002- .

DATE(S): b.1954-

NAME VARIANT(S): Mark Roy Warner.

Warren, Earl (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US jurist; Republican candidate for vice president on Dewey ticket 1948; Chief Justice, United States Supreme Court 1953-1969.

DATE(S): 1891-1974

Washington, George (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: 1st President of the United States, 1789-1797.

DATE(S): 1732-1799

Webb, Jim (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratice politician; United States Senator from Virginia 2004-2012.

DATE(S): b.1946-

NAME VARIANT(S): James H. Webb

Weiner, Anthony (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US politician; Democratic Representative for New York 1999-2011; resigned from Congress over his use of social media to distribute sexually suggestive pictures of himself.

DATE(S): b.1964-

Whitman, Christie (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Republican politician; Governor of New Jersey 1994-2001; U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Administrator 2001-2003.

DATE(S): b.1947-

Williams, Anthony (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US Democratic politician; mayor of Washington D.C 1999- .

DATE(S): b.1951-

Wilson, Harold (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: British politician; leader of the Labour party 1963-1976; British Prime Minister 1964-1970, 1974-1976.

DATE(S): 1916-1995

Wilson, Joseph (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US diplomat; US charge d'affaires in Irag 1988-1991; led fact-finding mission to Niger 2002, to investigate Saddam Hussein's attempt to obtain yellowcake uranium; publicly disputed White House accounts of Saddam Hussein's nuclear weapons program 2003; married to Valerie Plame, CIA operative who was publicly identified in retaliation for Wilson's criticisms.

DATE(S): b.1949-

Wilson, Woodrow (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of the United States 1913-1921.

DATE(S): 1856-1924

X, Malcolm (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: African American activist, spokesperson, public speaker.

DATE(S): 1925-1965

Yeltsin, Boris (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: Russian politician; President of the Russian Federation 1991-1999.

DATE(S): 1931-2007

NAME VARIANT(S): Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin

Young, Coleman (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: US labor leader and Democratic politician; first African American mayor of Detoit, Michigan 1974-1994.

DATE(S): 1918-1997

Zedillo, Ernesto (search for this term)

DESCRIPTION: President of Mexico 1994-2000.

DATE(S): b.1951-

NAME VARIANT(S): Ernesto Zedilla Ponce de Leon