Really Cool
    Minority Data

Southern Agricultural Households in the United States, 1880 (ICPSR 9430)

Principal Investigator(s): Sutch, Richard; Ransom, Roger


This data collection describes the organization of agriculture and the operation of the Southern economy following the Civil War, with emphasis on the relationship between race and tenure status of farm operators. Economic and agricultural data were compiled from the 1880 Census of Agriculture. Information provided includes the location of the farm (region, state, county, and enumeration district), tenure of the farm operator, number of acres in tillage, meadows, woodland, and other uses, type of crops being farmed and production figures, and the number of various livestock (horses, mules, oxen, cows, sheep, and swine). Additionally, data are presented on the value of the farm, farm implements, livestock, and farm products, and costs associated with fences, fertilizer, and wages. Demographic information drawn from the 1880 Census of Population includes the race, literacy, age, and birthplace of the farm operator, number of people living in the house, and number of people working on the farm.

Access Notes

  • One or more data files in this study are set up in a non-standard format, such as card image format. Users may need help converting these files before they can be used for analysis.

  • Data in this collection are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Please log in so we can determine if you are with a member institution and have access to these data files.

  • ICPSR Logo

    This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.


Dataset - Download All Files (7.162 MB)
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   

Study Description


Sutch, Richard, and Roger Ransom. Southern Agricultural Households in the United States, 1880. ICPSR09430-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2007-09-19.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)


This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (NSF 2668)
  • University of California-Berkeley. Institute of Business and Economic Research
  • University of California-Berkeley. Center for Research in Management Science

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:    agriculture, American Civil War, census data, crops, farming, household composition, households, livestock, national economy, nineteenth century, race, Southern United States, wages and salaries

Geographic Coverage:    Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, United States, Virginia

Time Period:   

  • 1879--1880

Date of Collection:   

  • 1969

Universe:    All farms reported by the 1880 Agriculture Census in the 11 Confederate states of Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas. The western area of Texas and southern area of Florida were excluded due to lack of settlement in 1880.

Data Type(s):    census/enumeration data


Sample:    The South was divided into economic regions that were relatively homogeneous, and one or more representative counties were selected from each region. This group of farms was then sampled at a minimum rate of 10 percent, blocks of five farms each being selected with a skip interval of 45 farms.

Data Source:

United States Bureau of the Census 1880 Population and Agriculture Manuscript schedules


Original ICPSR Release:   1991-03-05

Version History:

  • 2007-09-19 SAS, SPSS, and Stata setup files have been added to this data collection.

Related Publications



Metadata Exports

If you're looking for collection-level metadata rather than an individual metadata record, please visit our Metadata Records page.

Download Statistics