Residential Neighborhood Crime Control Project: Hartford, Connecticut, 1973, 1975-1977, 1979 (ICPSR 7682)
Principal Investigator(s): Fowler, Floyd J.
This data collection contains responses to victimization surveys that were administered as part of both the planning and evaluation stages of the Hartford Project, a crime opportunity reduction program implemented in a residential neighborhood in Hartford, Connecticut, in 1976. The Hartford Project was an experiment in how to reduce residential burglary and street robbery/purse snatching and the fear of those crimes. Funded through the Hartford Institute of Criminal and Social Justice, the project began in 1973. It was based on a new "environmental" approach to crime prevention: a comprehensive and integrative view addressing not only the relationship among citizens, police, and offenders, but also the effect of the physical environment on their attitudes and behavior. The surveys were administered by the Center for Survey Research at the University of Massachusetts at Boston. The Center collected Hartford resident survey data in five different years: 1973, 1975, 1976, 1977, and 1979. The 1973 survey provided basic data for problem analysis and planning. These data were updated twice: in 1975 to gather baseline data for the time of program implementation, and in the spring of 1976 with a survey of households in one targeted neighborhood of Hartford to provide data for the time of implementation of physical changes there. Program evaluation surveys were carried out in the spring of 1977 and two years later in 1979. The procedures for each survey were essentially identical each year in order to ensure comparability across time. The one exception was the 1976 sample, which was not independent of the one taken in 1975. In each survey except 1979, respondents reported on experiences during the preceding 12-month period. In 1979 the time reference was the past two years. The survey questions were very similar from year to year, with 1973 being the most unique. All surveys focused on victimization, fear, and perceived risk of being victims of the target crimes. Other questions explored perceptions of and attitudes toward police, neighborhood problems, and neighbors. The surveys also included questions on household and respondent characteristics.
One or more data files in this study are set up in a non-standard format, such as card image format. Users may need help converting these files before they can be used for analysis.
The public-use data files in this collection are available for access by the general public. Access does not require affiliation with an ICPSR member institution.
This dataset is maintained and distributed by the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data (NACJD), the criminal justice archive within ICPSR. NACJD is primarily sponsored by three agencies within the U.S. Department of Justice: the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, and the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Fowler, Floyd J. Residential Neighborhood Crime Control Project: Hartford, Connecticut, 1973, 1975-1977, 1979. ICPSR07682-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1982. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07682.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR07682.v1
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Justice. Office of Justice Programs. National Institute of Justice (73-NI-99-0044, 75-NI-95-0026, and 79-NI-AX-0026)
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: burglary, citizen attitudes, communities, crime, crime control programs, crime prevention, fear of crime, law enforcement, neighborhood conditions, neighborhoods, police citizen interactions, police community relations, police performance, reactions to crime, residents, robbery, urban planning, urban population, urban problems, victimization
Universe: Adults aged 18 or older who were residents of Hartford, Connecticut, and had lived in the same housing unit for at least six months.
Data Types: survey data
Sample: Stratified random area probability sampling, clustered area probability sampling, and systematic random sampling all were employed for at least one of the five surveys between 1973 and 1979. The 1976 sample was not independent of the 1975 sample. It was conducted only on Asylum Hill (neighborhood) addresses used in 1975. In each of the surveys, households were sampled from Asylum Hill at a higher rate than those selected for other areas of the city in order to produce sufficient cases for separate analysis.
personal interviews and telephone interviews
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Standardized missing values.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 1984-03-18
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