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Southern Primary and General Election Data, 1920-1949 (ICPSR 71) RSS

Principal Investigator(s):


These data were originally collected as part of a study of the electoral process in the South conducted by the Bureau of Public Administration at the University of Alabama. The collection contains county-level electoral returns for selected general and primary elections in 11 southern states (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia) for the period 1920-1949. Data are provided for raw vote totals and selected percentages for candidates in gubernatorial, senatorial, and, occasionally, presidential elections. Information on these primary election returns was provided mostly for Democratic nominations, but some variables also provide information for a few Republican primaries. Additional information is provided for returns for selected referenda and poll tax payments.

Access Notes

  • These data are available only to users at ICPSR member institutions. Because you are not logged in, we cannot verify that you will be able to download the data.

  • This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.


WARNING: Because this study has many datasets, the download all files option has been suppressed, and you will need to download one dataset at a time.

DS0:  Study-Level Files
DS1:  Virginia, 1920-1949 - Download All Files (0.6 MB)
DS2:  Alabama, 1920-1948 - Download All Files (0.6 MB)
DS3:  Arkansas, 1920-1948 - Download All Files (0.6 MB)
DS4:  Florida, 1920-1948 - Download All Files (0.6 MB)
DS5:  Georgia, 1920-1948 - Download All Files (0.6 MB)
DS6:  Louisiana, 1920-1948 - Download All Files (0.5 MB)
DS7:  Mississippi, 1919-1948 - Download All Files (0.6 MB)
DS8:  North Carolina, 1920-1948 - Download All Files (0.6 MB)
DS9:  South Carolina, 1920-1948 - Download All Files (0.5 MB)
DS10:  Texas, 1920-1948 - Download All Files (1.1 MB)
DS11:  Tennessee, 1920-1948 - Download All Files (0.6 MB)

Study Description


Heard, Alexander, and Donald S. Strong. Southern Primary and General Election Data, 1920-1949. ICPSR00071-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1992. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR00071.v1

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Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   congressional elections (US Senate), election returns, elections, electoral systems, gubernatorial elections, political attitudes, political parties, primaries, referendum, state elections

Geographic Coverage:   Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, United States, Virginia

Time Period:  

  • 1920--1949

Universe:   Counties in 11 southern states of the United States in the period 1920-1949.

Data Types:   aggregate data

Data Collection Notes:

See also the related data collection SOUTHERN PRIMARY AND GENERAL ELECTION DATA, 1946-1972 [ICPSR 0072].


Data Source:

Heard, Alexander, and Donald S. Strong (eds.). SOUTHERN PRIMARIES AND ELECTIONS, 1920-1949. Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press, 1950.

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 12 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.



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