American Housing Survey, 2005: National Microdata (ICPSR 4593)
Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Commerce. Bureau of the Census
This data collection provides information on the characteristics of a national sample of housing units, including apartments, single-family homes, mobile homes, and vacant housing units. Unlike previous years, the data are presented in eight separate parts: Part 1, Work Done Record (Replacement or Additions to the House), Part 2, Worker Record, Part 3, Mortgages (Owners Only), Part 4, Housing Unit Record (Main Record), Recodes (One Record per Housing Unit), and Weights, Part 5, Manager and Owner Record (Renters Only), Part 6, Person Record, Part 7, Ratio Verification, and Part 8, Mover Group Record. Data include year the structure was built, type and number of living quarters, occupancy status, access, number of rooms, presence of commercial establishments on the property, and property value. Additional data focus on kitchen and plumbing facilities, types of heating fuel used, source of water, sewage disposal, heating and air-conditioning equipment, and major additions, alterations, or repairs to the property. Information provided on housing expenses includes monthly mortgage or rent payments, cost of services such as utilities, garbage collection, and property insurance, and amount of real estate taxes paid in the previous year. Also included is information on whether the household received government assistance to help pay heating or cooling costs or for other energy-related services. Similar data are provided for housing units previously occupied by respondents who had recently moved. Additionally, indicators of housing and neighborhood quality are supplied. Housing quality variables include privacy of bedrooms, condition of kitchen facilities, basement or roof leakage, breakdowns of plumbing facilities and equipment, and overall opinion of the structure. For quality of neighborhood, variables include use of exterminator services, existence of boarded-up buildings, and overall quality of the neighborhood. In addition to housing characteristics, some demographic data are provided on household members, such as age, sex, race, marital status, income, and relationship to householder. Additional data provided on the householder include years of school completed, Spanish origin, length of residence, and length of occupancy.
Series: American Housing Survey Series
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U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. AMERICAN HOUSING SURVEY, 2005: NATIONAL MICRODATA. ICPSR04593-v1. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Bureau of the Census [producer], 2006. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2007-06-13. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04593.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04593.v1
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: commuting (travel), energy assistance, energy conservation, energy consumption, home ownership, housing, housing conditions, housing costs, housing occupancy, housing units, income, living arrangements, Metropolitan Statistical Areas, municipal services, neighborhood conditions, property insurance, property taxes, property values, rental housing, relocation, transportation, utility rates
Geographic Coverage: United States
Date of Collection:
Universe: Housing units in the United States.
Data Types: survey data
Data Collection Notes:
(1) Beginning in 1997, the methods of collecting and processing American Housing Survey (AHS) data were redesigned. All interviews are conducted using computer-assisted personal interviewing (CAPI) software, allowing new responses to some questions. Rather than existing as a single file, this collection consists of eight parts, each containing data pertaining to a specific subject matter. In addition, data for building and neighborhood questions ceased to be collected through interviewer observation. Rather, these questions have been reworded for the respondents. Due to these changes, users are asked to use caution when comparing data prior to 1997 with data from 1997 forward. For further information about the redesign, please refer to DOCUMENTATION OF CHANGES IN THE 1997 AMERICAN HOUSING SURVEY included with AMERICAN HOUSING SURVEY, 1997: NATIONAL MICRODATA (ICPSR 2912). (2) Beginning with 2001, three datasets: Part 2, Housing Unit Record (Main Record), Part 9, Recodes (One per Housing Unit), and Part 10, Weights, have been combined into one dataset: Part 4, Housing Unit Record (Main Record), Recodes (One Record per Housing Unit), and Weights. (3) Additional information about the American Housing Survey can be found at the HUD USER Web site and the United States Census Bureau Web site
Sample: The 2005 national data are from a sample of housing units interviewed between late April and mid-September 2005. The same basic sample of housing units is interviewed every two years until a new sample is selected. The United States Census Bureau updated the sample by adding newly constructed housing units and units discovered through coverage improvement efforts. For the 2005 American Housing Survey- National (AHS-N), approximately 59,450 sample housing units were selected for interview. About 2,800 of these units were found to be ineligible because the unit no longer existed or because the units did not meet the AHS-N definition of a housing unit. Of the 56,650 eligible sample units, about 6,150 were classified (both occupied and vacant housing units) as "Type A" noninterviews because (a) no one was at home after repeated visits, (b) the respondent refused to be interviewed, or (c) the interviewer was unable to find the unit. This classification produced an unweighted overall response rate of 89 percent. The weighted overall response rate was 90 percent. The AHS sample consists of the following types of units in the sampled primary sampling units: housing units selected from the 1980 Census, new construction in areas requiring building permits, housing units missed in the 1980 Census, other housing units added since the 1980 Census, and housing units selected from the 2000 Census. For more information about sample design, please see Appendix B in CURRENT HOUSING REPORTS, 2005, included with this collection.
Weight: Please review the "Sample Status, Weights, Interview Status" section in the ICPSR codebook for this American Housing Survey study, as well as Appendix B in CURRENT HOUSING REPORTS, 2005, included with this collection.
Mode of Data Collection: computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI)
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2007-06-13
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