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Time Series for the Births and Deaths of Newspapers in Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, New York City, Philadelphia, and Washington, DC, 1690-1994 (ICPSR 4058) RSS

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

The collection consists of time series for the births and deaths of newspapers for Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, New York City, Philadelphia, and Washington, DC, with time-varying covariates. This data collection stemmed from a study of cultural production and the role of newspapers in social and political mobilization. The data have been used to study ethnic and political group formation and the importance of newspapers as an indicator of civil society. The New York City data also allow the analysis of organizational histories, including mergers, and newspapers' chained histories. Data were collected from secondary data sources, including multiple sources for newspapers, United States historical censuses, immigration data, wars, recessions, unemployment rates, and election data. The length of the time series varies by city, with the longest series for New York City, Buffalo, Boston, and Philadelphia. For most files, the year is the unit of analysis, which lends itself to Poisson count analyses or event history. Network techniques are appropriate with the entrepreneurship data. Parts 1-7 of this collection contain pooled data across multiple cities. Parts 8 and 9 contain data for Baltimore. Parts 10-25 include data from Boston, while Parts 26-45 cover Buffalo. Parts 46-63 are data for New York City and Parts 64-89 contain data for Philadelphia. Lastly, Parts 90 and 91 include data for Washington, DC.

Access Notes

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  • This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.

Dataset(s)

WARNING: Because this study has many datasets, the download all files option has been suppressed, and you will need to download one dataset at a time.

DS0:  Study-Level Files
Documentation:
DS1:  Pooled Detailed Newspaper Data for Boston, Buffalo, New York, and Philadelphia, 1820-1900 - Download All Files (3,766 KB)
Data:
DS2:  Pooled Data for African American Newspapers, 1820-1900 - Download All Files (3,758 KB)
Data:
DS3:  Pooled Data for Political Papers Born, 1820-1950 - Download All Files (3,748 KB)
Data:
DS4:  Pooled Data for Political Papers in Boston, Buffalo, New York, and Philadelphia, 1820-1990 - Download All Files (3,794 KB)
Data:
DS5:  Pooled Data for Political Papers in Boston, Buffalo, New York, and Philadelphia, 1771-1985 - Download All Files (3,769 KB)
Data:
DS6:  Pooled Data for Religious and Ethnic Papers in Boston, Buffalo, New York, and Philadelphia, 1732-1985 - Download All Files (3,765 KB)
Data:
DS7:  Pooled Data for Religious and Ethnic Papers in Boston, Buffalo, New York, and Philadelphia, 1745-1987 - Download All Files (3,786 KB)
Data:
DS8:  Baltimore Detailed Newspaper Data, 1773-1985 - Download All Files (3,801 KB)
Data:
DS9:  Baltimore Newspaper Births by Year, 1760-1900 - Download All Files (3,749 KB)
Data:
DS10:  Boston Detailed Newspaper Data, 1690-1983 - Download All Files (3,858 KB)
Data:
DS11:  Boston Newspaper and Population Data, 1690-1983 - Download All Files (3,831 KB)
Data:
DS12:  Boston Demographic Data, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3,766 KB)
Data:
DS13:  Boston Newspaper Births by Year, 1793-1986 - Download All Files (3,749 KB)
Data:
DS14:  Boston Independent Paper Births by Year, 1850-1930 - Download All Files (3,752 KB)
Data:
DS15:  Boston Newspaper Births, Deaths, and Density by Year, 1690-1986 - Download All Files (3,779 KB)
Data:
DS16:  Boston Political Papers Data, 1794-1923 - Download All Files (3,754 KB)
Data:
DS17:  Boston Detailed Political Papers Data, 1794-1923 - Download All Files (3,763 KB)
Data:
DS18:  Boston Total Election Count Data by Year, 1824-1952 - Download All Files (3,783 KB)
Data:
DS19:  Boston Total Election Percentages Data by Year, 1824-1952 - Download All Files (3,791 KB)
Data:
DS20:  Boston Select Election Percentages Data, 1794-1923 - Download All Files (3,775 KB)
Data:
DS21:  Boston Gubernatorial Election Data, 1835-1865 - Download All Files (3,755 KB)
Data:
DS22:  Boston Presidential Election Data, 1835-1865 - Download All Files (3,753 KB)
Data:
DS23:  Boston Political Papers and Election Data, 1794-1923 - Download All Files (3,779 KB)
Data:
DS24:  Boston Magazine Data, 1758-1925 - Download All Files (3,794 KB)
Data:
DS25:  Boston Cluster Data - Download All Files (3,749 KB)
Data:
DS26:  Buffalo Detailed Newspaper Data, 1811-1986 - Download All Files (3,792 KB)
Data:
DS27:  Buffalo Demographic Data, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3,770 KB)
Data:
DS28:  Buffalo Demographic and Religious Data, 1850-1940 - Download All Files (3,771 KB)
Data:
DS29:  Buffalo Newspaper Births by Year, 1820-1950 - Download All Files (3,752 KB)
Data:
DS30:  Buffalo Newspaper Deaths by Year, 1820-1950 - Download All Files (3,754 KB)
Data:
DS31:  Buffalo Unaffiliated Newspaper Births by Year, 1820-1950 - Download All Files (3,749 KB)
Data:
DS32:  Buffalo Newspaper Births, Deaths, and Density, 1811-1986 - Download All Files (3,772 KB)
Data:
DS33:  Buffalo Newspaper Births, Deaths, and Density, 1820-1950 - Download All Files (3,772 KB)
Data:
DS34:  Buffalo Newspaper Births, Deaths, and Density by Year, 1811-1994 - Download All Files (3,755 KB)
Data:
DS35:  Buffalo Newspaper Births, Deaths, and Density by Year, 1820-1950 - Download All Files (3,762 KB)
Data:
DS36:  Buffalo Newspaper Density by Year, 1820-1950 - Download All Files (3,750 KB)
Data:
DS37:  Buffalo Political Newspaper Data, 1820-1974 - Download All Files (3,767 KB)
Data:
DS38:  Buffalo Total Election Count Data by Year, 1824-1952 - Download All Files (3,764 KB)
Data:
DS39:  Buffalo Total Election Percentages Data by Year, 1824-1952 - Download All Files (3,768 KB)
Data:
DS40:  Buffalo Political Newspaper and Election Data, 1820-1974 - Download All Files (3,772 KB)
Data:
DS41:  Buffalo Ethnic Population Data, 1850-1930 - Download All Files (3,757 KB)
Data:
DS42:  Buffalo Ethnic Newspaper Births by Year, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3,782 KB)
Data:
DS43:  Buffalo Ethnic Newspaper Deaths by Year, 1790-1993 - Download All Files (3,772 KB)
Data:
DS44:  Buffalo Ethnic Newspaper Lifespan Data by Decade, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3,750 KB)
Data:
DS45:  Buffalo Religious Membership Data by Year, 1850-1930 - Download All Files (3,769 KB)
Data:
DS46:  New York City Detailed Newspaper Data, 1725-1988 - Download All Files (3,983 KB)
Data:
DS47:  New York City New Immigrant Newspaper Data, 1850-1987 - Download All Files (3,766 KB)
Data:
DS48:  New York City Old Immigrant Newspaper Data, 1784-1984 - Download All Files (3,769 KB)
Data:
DS49:  New York City Old and New Immigrant Newspapers by Year, 1725-1990 - Download All Files (3,782 KB)
Data:
DS50:  New York City Census Data, 1850-1940 - Download All Files (3,771 KB)
Data:
DS51:  New York City Population Data by Year, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3,764 KB)
Data:
DS52:  New York City Census Data for Foreign Born, 1850-1990 - Download All Files (3,754 KB)
Data:
DS53:  New York City Independent Foundings by Year, 1850-1940 - Download All Files (3,767 KB)
Data:
DS54:  New York City Newspaper Lifespan, 1725-1984 - Download All Files (3,949 KB)
Data:
DS55:  New York City Political Newspaper Data, 1782-1985 - Download All Files (3,817 KB)
Data:
DS56:  New York City Total Election Count Data by Year, 1824-1952 - Download All Files (3,766 KB)
Data:
DS57:  New York City Total Election Percentages Data by Year, 1824-1952 - Download All Files (3,769 KB)
Data:
DS58:  New York City Ethnic Newspaper Births and Deaths by Year, 1725-1990 - Download All Files (3,797 KB)
Data:
DS59:  New York City Religious Membership Data, 1850-1940 - Download All Files (3,754 KB)
Data:
DS60:  New York City Religious Populations by Year, 1850-1940 - Download All Files (3,773 KB)
Data:
DS61:  New York Chains Data, 1735-1984 - Download All Files (3,759 KB)
Data:
DS62:  New York City Newspaper Families Data, 1725-1984 - Download All Files (3,820 KB)
Data:
DS63:  New York City Clusters of Families Data - Download All Files (3,749 KB)
Data:
DS64:  Philadelphia Detailed Newspaper Data, 1719-1988 - Download All Files (3,898 KB)
Data:
DS65:  Philadelphia Population Data by Year, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3,771 KB)
Data:
DS66:  Philadelphia Foreign-Born Population Data by Year, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3,781 KB)
Data:
DS67:  Philadelphia Foreign-Born Population Data by Decade, 1850-1950 - Download All Files (3,761 KB)
Data:
DS68:  Philadelphia Newspaper and Social Data by Year, 1790-1988 - Download All Files (3,774 KB)
Data:
DS69:  Philadelphia Newspaper Foundings, 1719-1987 - Download All Files (3,749 KB)
Data:
DS70:  Philadelphia Newspaper Foundings by Type and Year, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3,752 KB)
Data:
DS71:  Philadelphia Newspaper Foundings and Social Data by Year, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3,770 KB)
Data:
DS72:  Philadelphia Newspaper Density Data by Year, 1790-1988 - Download All Files (3,765 KB)
Data:
DS73:  Philadelphia Newspaper Density and Population Data by Year, 1719-1994 - Download All Files (3,759 KB)
Data:
DS74:  Philadelphia Newspaper Density and Social Data by Year, 1790-1988 - Download All Files (3,770 KB)
Data:
DS75:  Philadelphia Newspaper, Depression, and Strike Data by Year, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3,756 KB)
Data:
DS76:  Philadelphia Newspapers Depression, Unemployment by Year 1719-1994 - Download All Files (3,784 KB)
Data:
DS77:  Philadelphia Political Newspaper Data, 1771-1939 - Download All Files (3,761 KB)
Data:
DS78:  Philadelphia Political Newspaper and Election Data, 1771-1939 - Download All Files (3,759 KB)
Data:
DS79:  Philadelphia Political Newspaper and Election Data Sorted by Year, 1771-1939 - Download All Files (3,759 KB)
Data:
DS80:  Philadelphia Political Newspaper and Election Data, 1835-1865 - Download All Files (3,752 KB)
Data:
DS81:  Philadelphia Political Newspaper and Gubernatorial Election Data, 1835-1865 - Download All Files (3,752 KB)
Data:
DS82:  Philadelphia Political Newspaper and Presidential Election Data, 1835-1865 - Download All Files (3,751 KB)
Data:
DS83:  Philadelphia Total Election Count Data by Year, 1824-1952 - Download All Files (3,773 KB)
Data:
DS84:  Philadelphia Total Election Percentages Data by Year, 1824-1952 - Download All Files (3,784 KB)
Data:
DS85:  Philadelphia Religious Population Data by Year, 1850-1930 - Download All Files (3,753 KB)
Data:
DS86:  Philadelphia Religious Membership Data, 1850-1926 - Download All Files (3,750 KB)
Data:
DS87:  Philadelphia Newspaper Religious, Political and Ethnic Affiliations Data, 1719-1988 - Download All Files (3,776 KB)
Data:
DS88:  Philadelphia Ethnic and Religious Population Data by Year, 1719-1994 - Download All Files (3,771 KB)
Data:
DS89:  Philadelphia Ethnic, Political, and Religious Newspaper Foundings Data by Year, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3,780 KB)
Data:
DS90:  Washington Detailed Newspaper Data - Download All Files (3,808 KB)
Data:
DS91:  Washington, DC Newspaper Births, 1789-1888 - Download All Files (3,749 KB)
Data:

Study Description

Citation

Blau, Judith R. TIME SERIES FOR THE BIRTHS AND DEATHS OF NEWSPAPERS IN BALTIMORE, BOSTON, BUFFALO, NEW YORK CITY, PHILADELPHIA, AND WASHINGTON, DC, 1690-1994. ICPSR04058-v1. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina [producer], 2000. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2005-07-29. doi:10.3886/ICPSR04058.v1

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SES-9108923, SES-8907765)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   cities, civil society, cultural influences, newspapers, organizational structure, political action

Smallest Geographic Unit:   cities

Geographic Coverage:   Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, District of Columbia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New York (state), New York City, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, United States

Time Period:  

  • 1690--1994

Date of Collection:  

  • 1996--1999

Unit of Observation:   cities, years, newspapers

Universe:   Newspapers in large cities in the United States.

Data Types:   census/enumeration data, and event/transaction data

Methodology

Sample:   The cities were selected purposively, with emphasis on older and larger cities in the United States.

Weight:   none

Data Source:

United States Bureau of the Census

Ayers and Rowells, N.W. Ayer & Sons American Newspaper Annual

HISTORICAL, DEMOGRAPHIC, ECONOMIC, AND SOCIAL DATA: THE UNITED STATES, 1790-1970 (ICPSR 0003)

United States Newspaper Program National Union List

United States Immigration and Nationalization Service reports

State election data for New York (state)

Multiple sources for fixed and varying historical covariates, as noted in publications

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2006-03-30 File CB04058-ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.

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