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Time Series for the Births and Deaths of Newspapers in Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, New York City, Philadelphia, and Washington, DC, 1690-1994 (ICPSR 4058)

Principal Investigator(s): Blau, Judith R., University of North Carolina. Sociology Department

Summary:

The collection consists of time series for the births and deaths of newspapers for Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, New York City, Philadelphia, and Washington, DC, with time-varying covariates. This data collection stemmed from a study of cultural production and the role of newspapers in social and political mobilization. The data have been used to study ethnic and political group formation and the importance of newspapers as an indicator of civil society. The New York City data also allow the analysis of organizational histories, including mergers, and newspapers' chained histories. Data were collected from secondary data sources, including multiple sources for newspapers, United States historical censuses, immigration data, wars, recessions, unemployment rates, and election data. The length of the time series varies by city, with the longest series for New York City, Buffalo, Boston, and Philadelphia. For most files, the year is the unit of analysis, which lends itself to Poisson count analyses or event history. Network techniques are appropriate with the entrepreneurship data. Parts 1-7 of this collection contain pooled data across multiple cities. Parts 8 and 9 contain data for Baltimore. Parts 10-25 include data from Boston, while Parts 26-45 cover Buffalo. Parts 46-63 are data for New York City and Parts 64-89 contain data for Philadelphia. Lastly, Parts 90 and 91 include data for Washington, DC.

Access Notes

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Dataset(s)

DS0:  Study-Level Files
Documentation:
DS1:  Pooled Detailed Newspaper Data for Boston, Buffalo, New York, and Philadelphia, 1820-1900 - Download All Files (3.766 MB)
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DS2:  Pooled Data for African American Newspapers, 1820-1900 - Download All Files (3.758 MB)
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DS3:  Pooled Data for Political Papers Born, 1820-1950 - Download All Files (3.748 MB)
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DS4:  Pooled Data for Political Papers in Boston, Buffalo, New York, and Philadelphia, 1820-1990 - Download All Files (3.794 MB)
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DS5:  Pooled Data for Political Papers in Boston, Buffalo, New York, and Philadelphia, 1771-1985 - Download All Files (3.769 MB)
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DS6:  Pooled Data for Religious and Ethnic Papers in Boston, Buffalo, New York, and Philadelphia, 1732-1985 - Download All Files (3.765 MB)
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DS7:  Pooled Data for Religious and Ethnic Papers in Boston, Buffalo, New York, and Philadelphia, 1745-1987 - Download All Files (3.786 MB)
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DS8:  Baltimore Detailed Newspaper Data, 1773-1985 - Download All Files (3.801 MB)
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DS9:  Baltimore Newspaper Births by Year, 1760-1900 - Download All Files (3.749 MB)
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DS10:  Boston Detailed Newspaper Data, 1690-1983 - Download All Files (3.858 MB)
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DS11:  Boston Newspaper and Population Data, 1690-1983 - Download All Files (3.831 MB)
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DS12:  Boston Demographic Data, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3.766 MB)
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DS13:  Boston Newspaper Births by Year, 1793-1986 - Download All Files (3.749 MB)
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DS14:  Boston Independent Paper Births by Year, 1850-1930 - Download All Files (3.752 MB)
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DS15:  Boston Newspaper Births, Deaths, and Density by Year, 1690-1986 - Download All Files (3.779 MB)
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DS16:  Boston Political Papers Data, 1794-1923 - Download All Files (3.754 MB)
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DS17:  Boston Detailed Political Papers Data, 1794-1923 - Download All Files (3.763 MB)
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DS18:  Boston Total Election Count Data by Year, 1824-1952 - Download All Files (3.783 MB)
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DS19:  Boston Total Election Percentages Data by Year, 1824-1952 - Download All Files (3.791 MB)
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DS20:  Boston Select Election Percentages Data, 1794-1923 - Download All Files (3.775 MB)
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DS21:  Boston Gubernatorial Election Data, 1835-1865 - Download All Files (3.755 MB)
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DS22:  Boston Presidential Election Data, 1835-1865 - Download All Files (3.753 MB)
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DS23:  Boston Political Papers and Election Data, 1794-1923 - Download All Files (3.779 MB)
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DS24:  Boston Magazine Data, 1758-1925 - Download All Files (3.794 MB)
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DS25:  Boston Cluster Data - Download All Files (3.749 MB)
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DS26:  Buffalo Detailed Newspaper Data, 1811-1986 - Download All Files (3.792 MB)
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DS27:  Buffalo Demographic Data, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3.77 MB)
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DS28:  Buffalo Demographic and Religious Data, 1850-1940 - Download All Files (3.771 MB)
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DS29:  Buffalo Newspaper Births by Year, 1820-1950 - Download All Files (3.752 MB)
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DS30:  Buffalo Newspaper Deaths by Year, 1820-1950 - Download All Files (3.754 MB)
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DS31:  Buffalo Unaffiliated Newspaper Births by Year, 1820-1950 - Download All Files (3.749 MB)
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DS32:  Buffalo Newspaper Births, Deaths, and Density, 1811-1986 - Download All Files (3.772 MB)
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DS33:  Buffalo Newspaper Births, Deaths, and Density, 1820-1950 - Download All Files (3.772 MB)
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DS34:  Buffalo Newspaper Births, Deaths, and Density by Year, 1811-1994 - Download All Files (3.755 MB)
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DS35:  Buffalo Newspaper Births, Deaths, and Density by Year, 1820-1950 - Download All Files (3.762 MB)
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DS36:  Buffalo Newspaper Density by Year, 1820-1950 - Download All Files (3.75 MB)
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DS37:  Buffalo Political Newspaper Data, 1820-1974 - Download All Files (3.767 MB)
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DS38:  Buffalo Total Election Count Data by Year, 1824-1952 - Download All Files (3.764 MB)
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DS39:  Buffalo Total Election Percentages Data by Year, 1824-1952 - Download All Files (3.768 MB)
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DS40:  Buffalo Political Newspaper and Election Data, 1820-1974 - Download All Files (3.772 MB)
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DS41:  Buffalo Ethnic Population Data, 1850-1930 - Download All Files (3.757 MB)
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DS42:  Buffalo Ethnic Newspaper Births by Year, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3.782 MB)
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DS43:  Buffalo Ethnic Newspaper Deaths by Year, 1790-1993 - Download All Files (3.772 MB)
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DS44:  Buffalo Ethnic Newspaper Lifespan Data by Decade, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3.75 MB)
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DS45:  Buffalo Religious Membership Data by Year, 1850-1930 - Download All Files (3.769 MB)
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DS46:  New York City Detailed Newspaper Data, 1725-1988 - Download All Files (3.983 MB)
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DS47:  New York City New Immigrant Newspaper Data, 1850-1987 - Download All Files (3.766 MB)
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DS48:  New York City Old Immigrant Newspaper Data, 1784-1984 - Download All Files (3.769 MB)
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DS49:  New York City Old and New Immigrant Newspapers by Year, 1725-1990 - Download All Files (3.782 MB)
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DS50:  New York City Census Data, 1850-1940 - Download All Files (3.771 MB)
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DS51:  New York City Population Data by Year, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3.764 MB)
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DS52:  New York City Census Data for Foreign Born, 1850-1990 - Download All Files (3.754 MB)
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DS53:  New York City Independent Foundings by Year, 1850-1940 - Download All Files (3.767 MB)
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DS54:  New York City Newspaper Lifespan, 1725-1984 - Download All Files (3.949 MB)
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DS55:  New York City Political Newspaper Data, 1782-1985 - Download All Files (3.817 MB)
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DS56:  New York City Total Election Count Data by Year, 1824-1952 - Download All Files (3.766 MB)
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DS57:  New York City Total Election Percentages Data by Year, 1824-1952 - Download All Files (3.769 MB)
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DS58:  New York City Ethnic Newspaper Births and Deaths by Year, 1725-1990 - Download All Files (3.797 MB)
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DS59:  New York City Religious Membership Data, 1850-1940 - Download All Files (3.754 MB)
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DS60:  New York City Religious Populations by Year, 1850-1940 - Download All Files (3.773 MB)
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DS61:  New York Chains Data, 1735-1984 - Download All Files (3.759 MB)
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DS62:  New York City Newspaper Families Data, 1725-1984 - Download All Files (3.82 MB)
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DS63:  New York City Clusters of Families Data - Download All Files (3.749 MB)
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DS64:  Philadelphia Detailed Newspaper Data, 1719-1988 - Download All Files (3.898 MB)
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DS65:  Philadelphia Population Data by Year, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3.771 MB)
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DS66:  Philadelphia Foreign-Born Population Data by Year, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3.781 MB)
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DS67:  Philadelphia Foreign-Born Population Data by Decade, 1850-1950 - Download All Files (3.761 MB)
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DS68:  Philadelphia Newspaper and Social Data by Year, 1790-1988 - Download All Files (3.774 MB)
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DS69:  Philadelphia Newspaper Foundings, 1719-1987 - Download All Files (3.749 MB)
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DS70:  Philadelphia Newspaper Foundings by Type and Year, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3.752 MB)
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DS71:  Philadelphia Newspaper Foundings and Social Data by Year, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3.77 MB)
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DS72:  Philadelphia Newspaper Density Data by Year, 1790-1988 - Download All Files (3.765 MB)
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DS73:  Philadelphia Newspaper Density and Population Data by Year, 1719-1994 - Download All Files (3.759 MB)
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DS74:  Philadelphia Newspaper Density and Social Data by Year, 1790-1988 - Download All Files (3.77 MB)
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DS75:  Philadelphia Newspaper, Depression, and Strike Data by Year, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3.756 MB)
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DS76:  Philadelphia Newspapers Depression, Unemployment by Year 1719-1994 - Download All Files (3.784 MB)
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DS77:  Philadelphia Political Newspaper Data, 1771-1939 - Download All Files (3.761 MB)
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DS78:  Philadelphia Political Newspaper and Election Data, 1771-1939 - Download All Files (3.759 MB)
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DS79:  Philadelphia Political Newspaper and Election Data Sorted by Year, 1771-1939 - Download All Files (3.759 MB)
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DS80:  Philadelphia Political Newspaper and Election Data, 1835-1865 - Download All Files (3.752 MB)
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DS81:  Philadelphia Political Newspaper and Gubernatorial Election Data, 1835-1865 - Download All Files (3.752 MB)
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DS82:  Philadelphia Political Newspaper and Presidential Election Data, 1835-1865 - Download All Files (3.751 MB)
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DS83:  Philadelphia Total Election Count Data by Year, 1824-1952 - Download All Files (3.773 MB)
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DS84:  Philadelphia Total Election Percentages Data by Year, 1824-1952 - Download All Files (3.784 MB)
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DS85:  Philadelphia Religious Population Data by Year, 1850-1930 - Download All Files (3.753 MB)
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DS86:  Philadelphia Religious Membership Data, 1850-1926 - Download All Files (3.75 MB)
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DS87:  Philadelphia Newspaper Religious, Political and Ethnic Affiliations Data, 1719-1988 - Download All Files (3.776 MB)
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DS88:  Philadelphia Ethnic and Religious Population Data by Year, 1719-1994 - Download All Files (3.771 MB)
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DS89:  Philadelphia Ethnic, Political, and Religious Newspaper Foundings Data by Year, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3.78 MB)
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DS90:  Washington Detailed Newspaper Data - Download All Files (3.808 MB)
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DS91:  Washington, DC Newspaper Births, 1789-1888 - Download All Files (3.749 MB)
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Study Description

Citation

Blau, Judith R. Time Series for the Births and Deaths of Newspapers in Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, New York City, Philadelphia, and Washington, DC, 1690-1994. ICPSR04058-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2005-07-29. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04058.v1

Persistent URL:

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SES-9108923, SES-8907765)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   cities, civil society, cultural influences, newspapers, organizational structure, political action

Smallest Geographic Unit:   cities

Geographic Coverage:   Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, District of Columbia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New York (state), New York City, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, United States

Time Period:  

  • 1690--1994

Date of Collection:  

  • 1996--1999

Unit of Observation:   cities, years, newspapers

Universe:   Newspapers in large cities in the United States.

Data Types:   census/enumeration data, and event/transaction data

Methodology

Sample:   The cities were selected purposively, with emphasis on older and larger cities in the United States.

Weight:   none

Data Source:

United States Bureau of the Census

Ayers and Rowells, N.W. Ayer and Sons American Newspaper Annual

HISTORICAL, DEMOGRAPHIC, ECONOMIC, AND SOCIAL DATA: THE UNITED STATES, 1790-1970 (ICPSR 0003)

United States Newspaper Program National Union List

United States Immigration and Nationalization Service reports

State election data for New York (state)

Multiple sources for fixed and varying historical covariates, as noted in publications

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2006-03-30 File CB04058-ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.

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