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Time Series for the Births and Deaths of Newspapers in Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, New York City, Philadelphia, and Washington, DC, 1690-1994 (ICPSR 4058) RSS

Principal Investigator(s):

Summary:

The collection consists of time series for the births and deaths of newspapers for Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, New York City, Philadelphia, and Washington, DC, with time-varying covariates. This data collection stemmed from a study of cultural production and the role of newspapers in social and political mobilization. The data have been used to study ethnic and political group formation and the importance of newspapers as an indicator of civil society. The New York City data also allow the analysis of organizational histories, including mergers, and newspapers' chained histories. Data were collected from secondary data sources, including multiple sources for newspapers, United States historical censuses, immigration data, wars, recessions, unemployment rates, and election data. The length of the time series varies by city, with the longest series for New York City, Buffalo, Boston, and Philadelphia. For most files, the year is the unit of analysis, which lends itself to Poisson count analyses or event history. Network techniques are appropriate with the entrepreneurship data. Parts 1-7 of this collection contain pooled data across multiple cities. Parts 8 and 9 contain data for Baltimore. Parts 10-25 include data from Boston, while Parts 26-45 cover Buffalo. Parts 46-63 are data for New York City and Parts 64-89 contain data for Philadelphia. Lastly, Parts 90 and 91 include data for Washington, DC.

Access Notes

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Dataset(s)

DS0:  Study-Level Files
Documentation:
DS1:  Pooled Detailed Newspaper Data for Boston, Buffalo, New York, and Philadelphia, 1820-1900 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS2:  Pooled Data for African American Newspapers, 1820-1900 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS3:  Pooled Data for Political Papers Born, 1820-1950 - Download All Files (3.7 MB)
Data:
DS4:  Pooled Data for Political Papers in Boston, Buffalo, New York, and Philadelphia, 1820-1990 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS5:  Pooled Data for Political Papers in Boston, Buffalo, New York, and Philadelphia, 1771-1985 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS6:  Pooled Data for Religious and Ethnic Papers in Boston, Buffalo, New York, and Philadelphia, 1732-1985 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS7:  Pooled Data for Religious and Ethnic Papers in Boston, Buffalo, New York, and Philadelphia, 1745-1987 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS8:  Baltimore Detailed Newspaper Data, 1773-1985 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS9:  Baltimore Newspaper Births by Year, 1760-1900 - Download All Files (3.7 MB)
Data:
DS10:  Boston Detailed Newspaper Data, 1690-1983 - Download All Files (3.9 MB)
Data:
DS11:  Boston Newspaper and Population Data, 1690-1983 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS12:  Boston Demographic Data, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS13:  Boston Newspaper Births by Year, 1793-1986 - Download All Files (3.7 MB)
Data:
DS14:  Boston Independent Paper Births by Year, 1850-1930 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS15:  Boston Newspaper Births, Deaths, and Density by Year, 1690-1986 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS16:  Boston Political Papers Data, 1794-1923 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS17:  Boston Detailed Political Papers Data, 1794-1923 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS18:  Boston Total Election Count Data by Year, 1824-1952 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS19:  Boston Total Election Percentages Data by Year, 1824-1952 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS20:  Boston Select Election Percentages Data, 1794-1923 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS21:  Boston Gubernatorial Election Data, 1835-1865 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS22:  Boston Presidential Election Data, 1835-1865 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS23:  Boston Political Papers and Election Data, 1794-1923 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS24:  Boston Magazine Data, 1758-1925 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS25:  Boston Cluster Data - Download All Files (3.7 MB)
Data:
DS26:  Buffalo Detailed Newspaper Data, 1811-1986 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS27:  Buffalo Demographic Data, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS28:  Buffalo Demographic and Religious Data, 1850-1940 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS29:  Buffalo Newspaper Births by Year, 1820-1950 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS30:  Buffalo Newspaper Deaths by Year, 1820-1950 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS31:  Buffalo Unaffiliated Newspaper Births by Year, 1820-1950 - Download All Files (3.7 MB)
Data:
DS32:  Buffalo Newspaper Births, Deaths, and Density, 1811-1986 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS33:  Buffalo Newspaper Births, Deaths, and Density, 1820-1950 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS34:  Buffalo Newspaper Births, Deaths, and Density by Year, 1811-1994 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS35:  Buffalo Newspaper Births, Deaths, and Density by Year, 1820-1950 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS36:  Buffalo Newspaper Density by Year, 1820-1950 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS37:  Buffalo Political Newspaper Data, 1820-1974 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS38:  Buffalo Total Election Count Data by Year, 1824-1952 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS39:  Buffalo Total Election Percentages Data by Year, 1824-1952 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS40:  Buffalo Political Newspaper and Election Data, 1820-1974 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS41:  Buffalo Ethnic Population Data, 1850-1930 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS42:  Buffalo Ethnic Newspaper Births by Year, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS43:  Buffalo Ethnic Newspaper Deaths by Year, 1790-1993 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS44:  Buffalo Ethnic Newspaper Lifespan Data by Decade, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS45:  Buffalo Religious Membership Data by Year, 1850-1930 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS46:  New York City Detailed Newspaper Data, 1725-1988 - Download All Files (4 MB)
Data:
DS47:  New York City New Immigrant Newspaper Data, 1850-1987 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS48:  New York City Old Immigrant Newspaper Data, 1784-1984 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS49:  New York City Old and New Immigrant Newspapers by Year, 1725-1990 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS50:  New York City Census Data, 1850-1940 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS51:  New York City Population Data by Year, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS52:  New York City Census Data for Foreign Born, 1850-1990 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS53:  New York City Independent Foundings by Year, 1850-1940 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS54:  New York City Newspaper Lifespan, 1725-1984 - Download All Files (3.9 MB)
Data:
DS55:  New York City Political Newspaper Data, 1782-1985 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS56:  New York City Total Election Count Data by Year, 1824-1952 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS57:  New York City Total Election Percentages Data by Year, 1824-1952 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS58:  New York City Ethnic Newspaper Births and Deaths by Year, 1725-1990 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS59:  New York City Religious Membership Data, 1850-1940 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS60:  New York City Religious Populations by Year, 1850-1940 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS61:  New York Chains Data, 1735-1984 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS62:  New York City Newspaper Families Data, 1725-1984 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS63:  New York City Clusters of Families Data - Download All Files (3.7 MB)
Data:
DS64:  Philadelphia Detailed Newspaper Data, 1719-1988 - Download All Files (3.9 MB)
Data:
DS65:  Philadelphia Population Data by Year, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS66:  Philadelphia Foreign-Born Population Data by Year, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS67:  Philadelphia Foreign-Born Population Data by Decade, 1850-1950 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS68:  Philadelphia Newspaper and Social Data by Year, 1790-1988 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS69:  Philadelphia Newspaper Foundings, 1719-1987 - Download All Files (3.7 MB)
Data:
DS70:  Philadelphia Newspaper Foundings by Type and Year, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS71:  Philadelphia Newspaper Foundings and Social Data by Year, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS72:  Philadelphia Newspaper Density Data by Year, 1790-1988 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS73:  Philadelphia Newspaper Density and Population Data by Year, 1719-1994 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS74:  Philadelphia Newspaper Density and Social Data by Year, 1790-1988 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS75:  Philadelphia Newspaper, Depression, and Strike Data by Year, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS76:  Philadelphia Newspapers Depression, Unemployment by Year 1719-1994 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS77:  Philadelphia Political Newspaper Data, 1771-1939 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS78:  Philadelphia Political Newspaper and Election Data, 1771-1939 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS79:  Philadelphia Political Newspaper and Election Data Sorted by Year, 1771-1939 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS80:  Philadelphia Political Newspaper and Election Data, 1835-1865 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS81:  Philadelphia Political Newspaper and Gubernatorial Election Data, 1835-1865 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS82:  Philadelphia Political Newspaper and Presidential Election Data, 1835-1865 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS83:  Philadelphia Total Election Count Data by Year, 1824-1952 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS84:  Philadelphia Total Election Percentages Data by Year, 1824-1952 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS85:  Philadelphia Religious Population Data by Year, 1850-1930 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS86:  Philadelphia Religious Membership Data, 1850-1926 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS87:  Philadelphia Newspaper Religious, Political and Ethnic Affiliations Data, 1719-1988 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS88:  Philadelphia Ethnic and Religious Population Data by Year, 1719-1994 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS89:  Philadelphia Ethnic, Political, and Religious Newspaper Foundings Data by Year, 1790-1990 - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS90:  Washington Detailed Newspaper Data - Download All Files (3.8 MB)
Data:
DS91:  Washington, DC Newspaper Births, 1789-1888 - Download All Files (3.7 MB)
Data:

Study Description

Citation

Blau, Judith R. Time Series for the Births and Deaths of Newspapers in Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, New York City, Philadelphia, and Washington, DC, 1690-1994. ICPSR04058-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2005-07-29. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR04058.v1

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Funding

This study was funded by:

  • National Science Foundation (SES-9108923, SES-8907765)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   cities, civil society, cultural influences, newspapers, organizational structure, political action

Smallest Geographic Unit:   cities

Geographic Coverage:   Baltimore, Boston, Buffalo, District of Columbia, Maryland, Massachusetts, New York (state), New York City, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, United States

Time Period:  

  • 1690--1994

Date of Collection:  

  • 1996--1999

Unit of Observation:   cities, years, newspapers

Universe:   Newspapers in large cities in the United States.

Data Types:   census/enumeration data, and event/transaction data

Methodology

Sample:   The cities were selected purposively, with emphasis on older and larger cities in the United States.

Weight:   none

Data Source:

United States Bureau of the Census

Ayers and Rowells, N.W. Ayer and Sons American Newspaper Annual

HISTORICAL, DEMOGRAPHIC, ECONOMIC, AND SOCIAL DATA: THE UNITED STATES, 1790-1970 (ICPSR 0003)

United States Newspaper Program National Union List

United States Immigration and Nationalization Service reports

State election data for New York (state)

Multiple sources for fixed and varying historical covariates, as noted in publications

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.

Version(s)

Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2006-03-30 File CB04058-ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.

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Utilities

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