Enhanced Services for the Hard-to-Employ Demonstration and Evaluation Project: Kansas and Missouri, Enhanced Early Head Start (ICPSR 33801)
Principal Investigator(s): Hsueh, JoAnn, MDRC
The Enhanced Services for the Hard-to-Employ (HtE) Demonstration and Evaluation Project was a 10-year study (taken on by the MDRC) that evaluated innovative strategies aimed at improving employment and other outcomes for groups who faced serious barriers to employment. The Enhanced Services for the Hard-to-Employ is the first comprehensive attempt to understand the diverse low-income population and to test interventions aimed at the most common barriers that are encountered in this population's employment. The HtE demonstration was designed to evaluate a variety of innovative ways to boost employment, reduce welfare receipt, and promote well-being in low-income populations. This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Enhanced Early Head Start (EHS) program on addressing the developmental needs of young children living in poverty by offering enhanced services aimed at proactively addressing the employment and educational needs of their parents. This program included the addition of on-site self-sufficiency specialists to work with program staff and families on topics such as, formalized employment, self-sufficiency services and community partnerships with local employment-focused and educational agencies. The Early Head Start full research sample consists of 610 individuals randomly assigned between August 2004 and December 2006 (305 members in the program group and 305 in the control group). The research team followed the two groups for over three years, using surveys and administrative data. All 610 sample members completed a baseline survey at random assignment, providing basic demographic information, employment and child care history prior to the study. Two follow-up surveys were collected at the 18-month and 42-month mark. At 42-months, respondents who responded to the 18-month survey were asked about child care activities since their earlier survey interview date, while respondents who responded only to the 42-month survey were asked about child care activities since random assignment. Data were collected on receipt of EHS services and assistance programs, TANF history, type and amount of child care used, child immunization records, parenting, child behavior, child social-emotional skills, as well as child reading and math skills. Demographic information includes age, race, marital status, education, source of income, employment status, and public assistance information.
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Hsueh, JoAnn. Enhanced Services for the Hard-to-Employ Demonstration and Evaluation Project: Kansas and Missouri, Enhanced Early Head Start. ICPSR33801-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2013-01-30. doi:10.3886/ICPSR33801.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR33801.v1
This study was funded by:
- United States Department of Health and Human Services. Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
- United States Department of Health and Human Services. Administration for Children and Families
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: child care, child development, child health, children, economic activity, economic conditions, education, employment, families, family life, family planning, Head Start, health behavior, parent child relationship, parental influence, parents, poverty, poverty programs
Smallest Geographic Unit: none
Date of Collection:
Unit of Observation: individual
Universe: Individuals seeking Early Head Start services for their families in Kansas and Missouri.
Data Types: administrative records data, survey data
Data Collection Notes:
Please refer to these related data collections featuring the sites that participated in the Hard-to-Employ project: ICPSR 33782, RHODE ISLAND, WORKING TOWARD WELLNESS PROJECT; ICPSR 33783, CENTER FOR EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES (CEO), NEW YORK CITY; ICPSR 33784, ENHANCED SERVICES FOR THE HARD-TO-EMPLOY DEMONSTRATION AND EVALUATION PROJECT: PHILADELPHIA, PA.
For additional information on the Enhanced Services for the Hard-to-Employ Demonstration and Evaluation Project: Kansas and Missouri, Enhanced Early Head Start, please visit the MDRC Web site.
For more information on study design, users should refer to the Original P.I. Documentation in the ICPSR Codebook, as well as visit the MDRC Web site.
The sample includes 610 individuals randomly assigned with 305 members in the program group and 305 in the control group. For more information about sampling, users should refer to the Original P.I. Documentation in the ICPSR Codebook, as well as visit the MDRC Web site.
Mode of Data Collection: record abstracts, on-site questionnaire
Response Rates: All 610 sample members completed the baseline survey at random assignment. Eighteen month follow-up survey - 491 participants, for a response rate of 80 percent (81 percent of the program group and 80 percent of the control group). Forty-two month follow-up survey - 478 participants, for a response rate of 79 percent (79 percent of the program group and 81 percent of the control group).
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Created online analysis version with question text.
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 2013-01-30
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