Principal Investigator(s): Voter News Service
For this data collection, interviews were conducted with voters in 36 states as they left their polling places on election day, November 8, 1994. Respondents were asked a series of questions about their vote choices in the races for Senate, governor, and House of Representatives, and the issues and factors that most influenced those votes. Respondents were also asked if they approved of the way Bill Clinton was handling his job as president, and how they voted in the 1992 presidential election. Questions regarding various referenda and propositions on the ballot and other issues specific to the respondent's state also were asked. Demographic information collected includes sex, race, age, religion, education, political party identification, and family income.
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Voter News Service. Voter News Service General Election Exit Polls, 1994. ICPSR06520-v1. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2007-09-14. doi:10.3886/ICPSR06520.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06520.v1
This study was funded by:
- ABC News
- Associated Press
- CBS News
- NBC News
Scope of Study
Subject Terms: candidates, Clinton, Bill, congressional elections, election forecasting, exit polls, gubernatorial elections, national elections, presidential elections, presidential performance, referendum, voter preferences, voters, voter turnout, voting behavior, voting precincts
Geographic Coverage: Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York (state), Nevada, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, United States, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, Wyoming
Date of Collection:
Universe: Voters in the 1994 United States general election in 36 states.
Data Types: survey data
Data Collection Notes:
Four different questionnaires were used for the data in the California state file -- two versions for the state poll and two versions for the national poll. Some questions appeared on all four versions while others were included on only one or two.
Sample: The state samples were selected in two stages. First, a probability sample of voting precincts that represented the different geographic areas across the state and the vote by party was selected. Precincts were selected with a probability proportionate to the number of voters in each precinct. Each voter in the state had the same chance to have his or her precinct selected. There was one exception. In some states, precincts that had large minority populations were sampled at a higher rate than other precincts. The national sample is a subsample of the state sample precincts. Within both state and national sample precincts, voters were selected systematically throughout the voting day at a rate that gave all voters in a precinct the same chance of being interviewed.
Original ICPSR Release: 1995-08-16
- 2007-09-14 SAS, SPSS, and Stata setup files have been added to this data collection.
- 2006-01-12 All files were removed from dataset 38 and flagged as study-level files, so that they will accompany all downloads.
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