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Detroit Area Study, 1992: Social Change in Detroit (ICPSR 2880)

Principal Investigator(s):


This survey focused on factors that influence social change in the Michigan tri-county area of Oakland, Macomb, and Wayne counties and the changes that have occurred over time with respect to different ethnic groups and women. Respondents' opinions were sought on issues such as job discrimination, including pay and promotion on the basis of race, ethnicity, or gender, factors that influence employers in hiring decisions, such as experience in line of work, formal education, references, looks and appearance, age, race, and gender, possible reasons for Blacks' having worse jobs, income, and housing than Whites, and factors that affect this situation, such as racial discrimination, perceived inferior ability, lack of educational opportunities, and lack of motivation on the part of Blacks. The survey also elicited respondents' views on factors influencing residential segregation, including the lack of affordable housing for African Americans and other ethnic minorities and the lack of Whites' acceptance of these ethnic minority groups in White neighborhoods. Other variables probed respondents' attitudes toward interracial marriage, segregated and desegregated schools, all-Black male and all-Black female public schools, nonviolent and violent means of social change among Blacks, government legislative measures such as the cut in welfare cost, parental approval for under-age abortion, the amount of federal taxes paid, and affirmative action for women and African Americans in job training, education, hiring, and promotion. Also explored were respondents' feelings about the quality of city and neighborhood services, public schools, crime, and the desirability of living in Wayne, Oakland, and Macomb counties and some of the suburbs around Detroit. Additional variables examined respondents' views on comparative wealth and intelligence among ethnic groups such as Asians, Blacks, Hispanics, Arab Americans, and Whites, the degree of discrimination toward Hispanics, Blacks, Asians, and women, and the high degree of self-reliance among immigrant groups and nationalities in the United States as compared to United States minorities such as African Americans. Questions on the respondents' educational background covered the level of education and professional qualifications. Additional information gathered by the survey includes duration of residence in the tri-county area and at the current residence, place of previous residence, employment status, place of employment, mode of transportation to work, income, current debts and assets, job benefits, previous military service, information on family and household members, religious denomination, presidential candidate preference, age, race, ethnicity, skin tone if Black, marital status, and gender.

Series: Detroit Area Studies Series

Access Notes

  • One or more files in this study are not available for download due to special restrictions ; consult the restrictions note to learn more. You can apply online for access to the data. A login is required to apply for access.

    The data in this collection may not be used for any purpose other than statistical reporting and analysis. Use of these data to learn the identity of any person or establishment is prohibited. To protect respondent privacy, data and documentation are being released in separate public-use and restricted-use versions. The variables IWRNO, RCITY, A4, C6A, C6B, C6C, E4E, E7A, SPSAGE, MOMAGE, DADAGE, ADLT1AGE, ADLT2AGE, ADLT3AGE, CODERID, E1D1, E1C, E1D2, and F10 are only being made available in the restricted-use version. To obtain the restricted-use data and documentation researchers must agree to the terms and conditions of a Restricted Use Data Agreement in accordance with existing ICPSR servicing policies. Apply for access through the ICPSR restricted data contract portal.

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    This study is provided by ICPSR. ICPSR provides leadership and training in data access, curation, and methods of analysis for a diverse and expanding social science research community.


DS1:  Restricted Use data - Download All Files (20.2 MB)
SAS    SPSS    Stata    ASCII   
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   
DS2:  Public Use data - Download All Files (30.5 MB)
SAS    SPSS    Stata    R    ASCII    Excel/TSV
ASCII + SAS Setup    SPSS Setup    Stata Setup   

Study Description


Farley, Reynolds. Detroit Area Study, 1992: Social Change in Detroit. ICPSR02880-v2. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 2015-11-16.

Persistent URL:

Export Citation:

  • RIS (generic format for RefWorks, EndNote, etc.)
  • EndNote XML (EndNote X4.0.1 or higher)

Scope of Study

Subject Terms:   Affirmative Action, African Americans, Black White relations, cities, economic behavior, educational opportunities, educationally disadvantaged, employment discrimination, employment potential, employment qualifications, ethnic discrimination, hiring practices, housing discrimination, job requirements, minority affairs, neighborhood conditions, occupational mobility, political attitudes, public opinion, quality of life, racial attitudes, residential segregation, social attitudes, social change, social issues, work attitudes

Smallest Geographic Unit:   Region (public use); City (restricted use)

Geographic Coverage:   Detroit, Michigan, United States

Time Period:  

  • 1992

Date of Collection:  

  • 1992

Universe:   Adults aged 18 and over residing in households located in the Michigan tri-county area of Oakland, Macomb, and Wayne counties.

Data Types:   survey data

Data Collection Notes:

Confidentiality/Disclosure Risk: To limit possible disclosure risk, the variables IWRNO, RCITY, A4, C6A, C6B, C6C, E4E, E7A, SPSAGE, MOMAGE, DADAGE, ADLT1AGE, ADLT2AGE, ADLT3AGE, CODERID, E1D1, E1C, E1D2, and F10 have been dropped from the public use data.


Sample:   One respondent was selected at random from all eligible persons within each household.

Data Source:

personal interviews

Extent of Processing:  ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:

  • Created variable labels and/or value labels.
  • Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.


Original ICPSR Release:  

Version History:

  • 2015-11-16 The data, setup, and documentation files have been reformatted to current standards and a restricted version of the collection is being provided that includes variables previously masked.
  • 2005-12-15 On 2005-08-15 new files were added to one or more datasets. These files included additional setup files as well as one or more of the following: SAS program, SAS transport, SPSS portable, and Stata system files. The metadata record was revised 2005-12-15 to reflect these additions.

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