Principal Investigator(s): United States Department of Education. National Center for Education Statistics
The purpose of this data collection was to provide a more accurate measure of the racial/ethnic enrollment in postsecondary institutions in the United States than was previously available. The National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) collects racial/ethnic enrollment data from higher education institutions on an annual basis. Some institutions do not report these data, and their "unknown" categories have previously been distributed in direct proportion to the "knowns." This resulted in lower than accurate figures for the racial/ethnic categories. With the advent of the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), NCES has attempted to eliminate this problem by distributing all race/ethnicity unknown students through a two-stage process. First, the differences between reported totals and racial/ethnic details were allocated on a gender and institutional basis by distributing the differences in direct proportion to reported distributions. The second-stage distribution was designed to eliminate the remaining "race/ethnicity" unknowns. The procedure was to accumulate the reported racial/ethnic total enrollments by state, level, control, and gender, calculate the percentage distributions, and apply these percentages to the reported total enrollments of institutional respondents (in the same state, level, and control) that did not supply race/ethnicity detail. In addition, the original "race unknown" data were also left unaltered for those who wish to review numbers actually distributed. The racial/ethnic status was broken down into nonresident alien, Black non-Hispanic, American Indian or Alaskan Native, Asian or Pacific Islander, Hispanic, and White non-Hispanic. There are four data files. Part 1, Institutional Characteristics, includes variables on control and level of institution, religious affiliation, highest level of offering, Carnegie classification, and state FIPS codes and abbreviation. Part 2 covers Enrollment Data by Race/Ethnicity and Sex and by Level and Year of Study, while the focus of Part 3 is Enrollment Data by Age Categories and by Sex and Level of Student. Part 4, Clarifying Questions on Enrollments, provides information on students enrolled in remedial courses, extension divisions, and branches of schools, and numbers of transfer students from in-state, out-of-state, and other countries.
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U.S. Dept. of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. INTEGRATED POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION DATA SYSTEM (IPEDS): FALL ENROLLMENT ANALYSIS, 1993. ICPSR version. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of Education, National Center for Education Statistics [producer], 1996. Ann Arbor, MI: Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research [distributor], 1997. http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06933.v1
Persistent URL: http://doi.org/10.3886/ICPSR06933.v1
Scope of Study
Date of Collection:
Universe: All postsecondary institutions in operation in 1993 in the United States and its outlying areas.
Data Types: survey data
Data Collection Notes:
The codebook and data collection instruments are provided as Portable Document Format (PDF) files. The PDF file format was developed by Adobe Systems Incorporated and can be accessed using the Adobe Acrobat Reader. Information on how to obtain a copy of the Acrobat Reader is provided through the ICPSR Website on the Internet.
Sample: All two-year and over postsecondary institutions were included along with a probability-of-selection sample of all less than two-year private institutions.
Extent of Processing: ICPSR data undergo a confidentiality review and are altered when necessary to limit the risk of disclosure. ICPSR also routinely creates ready-to-go data files along with setups in the major statistical software formats as well as standard codebooks to accompany the data. In addition to these procedures, ICPSR performed the following processing steps for this data collection:
- Checked for undocumented or out-of-range codes.
Original ICPSR Release: 1997-08-13
- 2006-01-18 File CB6933.ALL.PDF was removed from any previous datasets and flagged as a study-level file, so that it will accompany all downloads.
Related Publications (see Notes)
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